U.N. Coun­cil brings Iraq closer to end of 1990s sanc­tions

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS -

The U.N. Se­cu­rity Coun­cil brought Iraq one step closer on Thurs­day to end­ing United Na­tions sanc­tions im­posed on Bagh­dad more than two decades ago af­ter for­mer Pres­i­dent Sad­dam Hus­sein in­vaded Kuwait in 1990.

The 15-mem­ber coun­cil unan­i­mously agreed that the is­sue of miss­ing Kuwaiti peo­ple, prop­erty and archives should be dealt with un­der Chap­ter 6 of the U.N. Char­ter - which urges coun­tries to peace­fully re­solve any con­flicts - in­stead of Chap­ter 7.

Chap­ter 7 of the char­ter al­lows the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil to au­tho­rize ac­tions rang­ing from sanc­tions to mil­i­tary in­ter­ven- tion if states do not abide by coun­cil de­mands.

The move by the coun­cil is a sig­nif­i­cant po­lit­i­cal boost for Bagh­dad as it strug­gles to re­store its in­ter­na­tional stand­ing a decade af­ter a U.S.-led invasion of Iraq top­pled Sad­dam in 2003.

The Se­cu­rity Coun­cil res­o­lu­tion rec­og­nized "the im­por­tance of Iraq achiev­ing in­ter­na­tional stand­ing equal to that which it held prior to 1990." U.S.-led troops drove Iraq out of Kuwait in the 1991 Gulf War.

The only is­sues linked to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait that re­main un­der Chap­ter 7 are an arms em­bargo and Bagh­dad's pay­ment of US$52 bil­lion in com­pen­sa­tion to Kuwait, diplo­mats say. Iraq still owes US$11 bil­lion and has said it ex­pects to pay by 2015.

There are still a range of Chap­ter 7 is­sues im­posed on Bagh­dad af­ter Sad­dam was ousted in 2003, diplo­mats say, in­clud­ing the freeze and re­turn of Sad­dam-era as­sets and trade ban on stolen Iraqi cul­tural prop­erty.

U.N. Sec­re­tary-Gen­eral Ban Ki-moon has rec­om­mended that the U.N. po­lit­i­cal mis­sion in Iraq should take re­spon­si­bil­ity for fa­cil­i­tat­ing the search for miss­ing Kuwaitis, or their re­mains, prop­erty and the coun­try's na­tional archives.


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