In the ab­sence of food sta­bil­ity, we need a green rev­o­lu­tion in agri­cul­ture

The Kurdish Globe - - FRONT PAGE - By Baderkhan Mo­ham­mad Ameen Ab­dul­rah­man *

cern for many coun­tries in the Mid­dle East and North Africa, in­clud­ing Egypt, Su­dan and Morocco.

Food se­cu­rity means be­ing able to en­sure that the re­quired quan­tity of food­stuffs of the right qual­ity is avail­able to the com­mu­nity. This is very dif­fi­cult and can­not be achieved un­der our cur­rent frag­ile agri­cul­tural, so­cioe­co­nomic and in­dus­trial sys­tems. The im­port per­cent­ages of some food items or crops have reached 100% in Arab coun­tries like the U.A.E. and Lebanon, and about 90% in other Arab coun­tries like Saudi in­dus­trial and so­cial terms both re­gion­ally and in­ter­na­tion­ally. Gov­ern­ments should also seek so­lu­tions, since food can be a tool for putting pres­sure on com­mu­nity seg­ments to re­solve out­stand­ing prob­lems. The pri­or­i­ties and is­sues that the govern­ment should take into con­sid­er­a­tion in­clude:

1. The govern­ment should adopt new res­cue poli­cies and agri­cul­tural guide­lines based on wa­ter

con­ser­va­tion. Wa­ter schemes could in­clude the es­tab­lish­ment of dams, wa­ter catch­ments, and projects for pu­ri­fy­ing, de­sali­nat­ing and For ex­am­ple, if Kur­dis­tan needs sugar or flour, it could se­cure them in ex­change for fu­els and pe­tro­leum prod­ucts by means of in­ter­na­tional agree­ments and pro­to­cols. Other coun­tries may need rice, and so on.

4. There should be co­op­er­a­tion be­tween gov­ern­ments and in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions. Be­cause the new agri­cul­ture in the Arab coun­tries and the Mid­dle East faces frag­ile agri­cul­tural sys­tems and high pop­u­la­tion den­sity, and these or­ga­ni­za­tions can pro­vide ini­tia­tives, ideas and cri­sis man­age­ment so­lu­tions, play­ing an im­por- tu­ral work­ers are pro­vided with the ex­per­tise, ca­pa­bil­i­ties and mod­ern tech­nol­ogy they need to run spe­cial­ized agri­cul­tural co­op­er­a­tives suc­cess­fully.

7. We should also be mind­ful that, on the brink of food short­age, 70% of our waste in the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion con­sists of food left­overs. When a re­gion’s food sup­ply can­not pro­vide the nu­tri­ents and en­ergy re­quired by the pop­u­la­tion of that re­gion it is most com­monly ex­plained as a pro­duc­tion short­age, but is­sues such as stor­age and im­port­ing/ex­port­ing can also ex­ac­er­bate quicker than the rate of food pro­duc­tion. This sit­u­a­tion is most se­ri­ous in sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa and South Asia, and is not eas­ily rec­ti­fied by im­port­ing food, be­cause civil un­rest, a lack of in­fra­struc­ture and low eco­nomic pro­duc­tiv­ity also play a role.

In 2007, the United Na­tions En­vi­ron­ment Pro­gram re­ported that a food and wa­ter short­age threat­ened the fu­ture of hu­man­ity. It claimed that the de­mand for wa­ter will be­come un­bear­able in coun­tries that have only scarce sup­plies of the sub­stance. The re­port es­ti­mated that up to one-third of the global pop­u­la­tion is now ex­pe­ri­enc­ing the ef­fects of nu­tri­ent de­ple­tion, wa­ter scarcity and soil ero­sion. Stud­ies such as this show that ad­dress­ing the is­sues that im­pact neg­a­tively on the world’s food sup­ply needs to be pri­or­i­tized. In Iraq (Kur­dis­tan), the govern­ment needs to in­struct and in­form its cit­i­zens about the changes that are oc­cur­ring within the so­ci­ety; we can make a dif­fer­ence to the lives of oth­ers.

A farmer plows his land with a trac­tor in an agri­cul­tural field in the prov­ince of Kirkuk.

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