In the absence of food stability, we need a green revolution in agriculture
cern for many countries in the Middle East and North Africa, including Egypt, Sudan and Morocco.
Food security means being able to ensure that the required quantity of foodstuffs of the right quality is available to the community. This is very difficult and cannot be achieved under our current fragile agricultural, socioeconomic and industrial systems. The import percentages of some food items or crops have reached 100% in Arab countries like the U.A.E. and Lebanon, and about 90% in other Arab countries like Saudi industrial and social terms both regionally and internationally. Governments should also seek solutions, since food can be a tool for putting pressure on community segments to resolve outstanding problems. The priorities and issues that the government should take into consideration include:
1. The government should adopt new rescue policies and agricultural guidelines based on water
conservation. Water schemes could include the establishment of dams, water catchments, and projects for purifying, desalinating and For example, if Kurdistan needs sugar or flour, it could secure them in exchange for fuels and petroleum products by means of international agreements and protocols. Other countries may need rice, and so on.
4. There should be cooperation between governments and international organizations. Because the new agriculture in the Arab countries and the Middle East faces fragile agricultural systems and high population density, and these organizations can provide initiatives, ideas and crisis management solutions, playing an impor- tural workers are provided with the expertise, capabilities and modern technology they need to run specialized agricultural cooperatives successfully.
7. We should also be mindful that, on the brink of food shortage, 70% of our waste in the Kurdistan Region consists of food leftovers. When a region’s food supply cannot provide the nutrients and energy required by the population of that region it is most commonly explained as a production shortage, but issues such as storage and importing/exporting can also exacerbate quicker than the rate of food production. This situation is most serious in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, and is not easily rectified by importing food, because civil unrest, a lack of infrastructure and low economic productivity also play a role.
In 2007, the United Nations Environment Program reported that a food and water shortage threatened the future of humanity. It claimed that the demand for water will become unbearable in countries that have only scarce supplies of the substance. The report estimated that up to one-third of the global population is now experiencing the effects of nutrient depletion, water scarcity and soil erosion. Studies such as this show that addressing the issues that impact negatively on the world’s food supply needs to be prioritized. In Iraq (Kurdistan), the government needs to instruct and inform its citizens about the changes that are occurring within the society; we can make a difference to the lives of others.
A farmer plows his land with a tractor in an agricultural field in the province of Kirkuk.