U.S. -Turkey- Kurds …
Development Cooperation Future
Since 2005, U.S.-Turkey-Kurds cooperation on issues affecting the Iraq, Middle East has become closer, as Turkey agreed to host a U.S. radar as part of a NATO missile defense system and the three sides have coordinated efforts in responding to the ongoing conflict in Syria.
The fragmentation of the Kurds in the post-World War I era led to the rise of four distinct Kurdish groups, and this has contributed to the complexity of the Kurdish status. The Kurdish split was responsible for initiating a series of issues overlaid by a variety of problems and questions.
This complexity has inevitably affected US perceptions of the Kurdish Issue and is reflected in the four different US Kurdish policies currently implemented. Similarly, the existence of the various Kurdish groups, together with the differing views that may prevail in each of the US bureaucracy’s departments toward even the same Kurdish group, help to explain why the United States has so far continued to hold fragmented views, and thus policies, towards the Kurds.
As the result of Iraqi withdrawal from the north on account of the ( no-fly) zone that prevented Iraqi air forces from operating above the 36th parallel was an accidental outcome of the US, British, French and Turkish collective humanitarian plan to protect Iraq’s Kurdish population.
The US-backed UN Security Council Resolution 688 (5 April 1991) which called on Iraq to end the suppression of its Kurdish population, and Turkey’s support for the creation of the Safe Haven” in April 1991 did not only aim at averting a second refugee crisis (following the al-“Anfal campaign” of This very first stage of Turkish- Kurdish relations, which came about as a result of Turkish support for the creation of the KRG in the early 1990s with the deployment of
100,000 troops along the Iraqi-Turkish border and the approval of the US’s plans to attack Saddam from Turkey’s Incirlik air base on 18 January
The KRG has been to trying to create an environment conducive to investment in order to attract foreign investment and create strong bilateral relations leading to strengthening multilateral partnerships with allies and neighbors that has been hostile to the Idea of Kurdistan.
As more oil is discovered, Kurdistan region now has the potential to become an important and reliable source of energy for Turkey in particular and to the global energy market.
So far, this has been the general rule, with one notable exception - US policy towards the KRG. There, we find a single US Kurdish policy. This different approach was created by the Americans' interest in creating a stable and united Iraq; to do so, forging a close relationship with Iraq’s Kurds was a necessity.
US–Kurdish relations can either progress or regress in relation to the connections between the United States and the regional states, or even run parallel to them.
Because America has changed, the Middle East is changing and Iraq is gradually recovering. Sooner or later, the Kurds will have to make a move to adapt to these changes and set a more solid and permanent foundation for its relationship with the USA.