Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt Picture
President Mohammed Morsi, and Egypt Muslim Brotherhood , has been ousted by the military, senior leaders have been detained, and its headquarters have been burned. .The movement is the country's oldest and largest Islamist organization, meaning its ideology is based on the teachings of the Islam.
United States and west have frequently followed a strategy of engaging non-violent Islamists such as the MB. Their rationale is that by empowering Islamists of this kind, one would weaken the jihadists. But in the end both groups have the same goal, even if their tactics differ. When engaging the Muslim Brotherhood,
EU actors should know who their interlocutors are, where they are coming from
ideologically and what they really think of the West. One should not take everything at face value.
The movement initially aimed simply to spread Islamic morals and good works, but soon became involved in politics, particularly the fight to rid Egypt of British colonial control and cleanse it of all Western influence.
While the Muslim Brotherhood say that they support democratic principles, one of the group's stated aims is to create a state ruled by Islamic law, or Sharia. Its most famous slogan, used worldwide, is: "Islam is the solution
The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Ismailia, Egypt by Hassan al-Banna in March 1928 as an Islamist religious, political, and social movement. The group spread to other Muslim countries but has its largest, or one of its largest, organizations in Egypt, where for many years it has been the largest, best-organized, and most disciplined political opposition force, despite a succession of government crackdowns in 1948, 1954, 1965 after plots, or alleged plots, of assassination and overthrow were uncovered. Following the 2011 Revolution the group was legalized, and in April 2011 it launched a civic political party called the Freedom and Justice Party (Egypt) to contest elections.
After the dissolution of the movement in 1954, the harsh repression by the Nasser regime and the exile period, it took awhile for the Egyptian branch to rebound. Interestingly, it was the Anwar al-Sadat regime that helped the MB return in the mid
1970s. Sadat wanted to use the Muslim Brotherhood to counter leftist forces. He viewed the MB favorably, tolerating its relentless expansion through recruitment and penetration of Egyptian society. But it was not until the mid-1980s that the Muslim Brotherhood decided to run in elections, a decision that is still today hotly debated within the organization. Three options have been envisaged: first, creating a political party separate from the MB’s dawa activity; second, transforming the Muslim Brotherhood solely into a political party; and third, maintaining the status quo.
the Muslim Brotherhood were blamed, banned, and thousands of members imprisoned and tortured. The group continued, however, to grow underground.
This clash with the authorities prompted an important shift in the ideology of the Ikhwan, evident in the writing of one prominent member, Sayyid Qutb.
Qutb's work advocated the use of jihad (struggle) against (ignorant) societies, both Western and so-called Islamic ones, which he argued were in need of radical transformation.
In 1965, the government again cracked down on the Muslim Brotherhood , executing Qutb in 1966 - transforming him into a martyr for many people across the region.