Syria’s war poses threat to coun­try’s her­itage

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS -

The sta­tis­ti­cal re­ports have shown that over 1450 mosques have been dam­aged by both rebels and the Syr­ian regime since the up­ris­ing of Syr­ian peo­ple against Bashar As­sad’s regime. Ac­cord­ing to Syr­ian Net­works for Hu­man Rights, over 100,000 peo­ple have been killed in dur­ing the war so far.

Last year, the me­dieval mar­ket in Aleppo, which is lo­cated near the Umayyad Mosque, was gut­ted by fire sparked by fight­ing.

Both rebels and regime forces have turned some of Syria's sig­nif­i­cant his­toric sites into bases, in­clud­ing citadels and Turk­ish bath houses, while thieves have stolen ar­ti­facts from mu­se­ums.

Five of Syria's six World Her­itage sites have been dam­aged in the fight­ing, ac­cord­ing to Unesco, the UN's cul­tural agency. Loot­ers have bro­ken into one of the world's best-pre­served Cru­sader cas­tles, Crac des Che­va­liers, and ru­ins in the an­cient city of Palmyra have been dam­aged.

The dam­age is just part of the wider dev­as­ta­tion caused by the coun­try's cri­sis, which be­gan more than two years ago with largely peace­ful protests but mor­phed into a civil war as the op­po­si­tion took up arms in the face of a with­er­ing gov­ern­ment crack­down.

The fight­ing has ex­acted a huge toll on the coun­try, killing more than 100,000 peo­ple, lay­ing waste to cities, towns and vil­lages and forc­ing more than a mil­lion peo­ple to flee their homes and seek refuge abroad.

Syr­ian boys fetch­ing wa­ter in a wheel­bar­row look at a de­stroyed Syr­ian tank near a dam­aged mosque in the city of Azaz, Syria.

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