Kurds, in Syria’s Con­flict

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS -

For the last 2 years , and the Syria’s con­flict has be­come more se­ri­ous and bloody dis­as­ter ,and now its to­tally out of Con­trol , the peo­ples in ma­jor­ity Kurd ar­eas has re­mained rel­a­tively in­su­lated. Keep­ing a lower pro­file, it has been spared the brunt of regime at­tacks , se­cu­rity forces with­drew to con­cen­trate else­where. Kurds sit­u­a­tion in Syria , is un­like Iraqi Kurds , they in­habit lands close to the Turk­ish and Iraqi bor­ders, though sev­eral cities in other parts of the coun­try, in par­tic­u­lar Damascus and Aleppo, also have large Kur­dish con­stituen­cies. Strictly speak­ing, theirs is not a re­gion, whether po­lit­i­cally un­like their Iraqi coun­ter­parts, they have not gained au­ton­omy un­der the Baathist regime or ge­o­graph­i­cally: even ma­jor­ity-Kur­dish ar­eas in the north east are in­ter­spersed with mixed ar­eas also com­pris­ing Sunni Arabs, Assyr­i­ans, Ar­me­ni­ans, Turko­mans and. As things stand, one can­not speak of a con­tigu­ous ter­ri­tory. More­over, and un­like the sit­u­a­tion of the Kurds in Iraq .

The good thing could be reaped, yet can­not be taken for granted. Kur­dish as­pi­ra­tions re­main at the mercy of in­ter­nal feuds, hos­til­ity with Arabs ev­i­denced by re­cent clashes, and re­gional ri­val­ries over the Kur­dish ques­tion. For Syria’s Kurds, long sup­pressed and de­nied ba­sic rights, pru­dence dic­tates over­com­ing in­ter­nal di­vi­sions, clar­i­fy­ing their de­mands and even at the cost of hard com­pro­mises agree­ment with any suc­ces­sor Syr­ian power struc­ture to de­fine and en­shrine their rights. And it is time for their non-Kur­dish coun­ter­parts to de­vise a cred­i­ble strat­egy to re­as­sure all Syr­i­ans that the neworder vi­sion of the state, mi­nor­ity rights, jus­tice and ac­count­abil­ity is both tol­er­ant and in­clu­sive. Partly co-opted by the regime, which de­vel­oped its own Kur­dish clients by tol­er­at­ing some po­lit­i­cal and para­mil­i­tary ac­tivism (as long as it was di­rected against Tur­key) and crim­i­nal ac­tiv­ity (mostly smug­gling), Syria’s Kurds also have seethed un­der sys­temic dis­crim­i­na­tion and re­pres­sion. Among the more egre­gious forms of in­equity, about half mil­lion of them re­main state­less, liv­ing in a le­gal vac­uum and de­prived of fun­da­men­tal rights. th­ese quickly were crushed. The re­sult has been a largely qui­es­cent pop­u­la­tion. chang­ing. As oc­curred in Iraq af­ter the gulf war, the cur­rent acute cri­sis presents Kurds with an op­por­tu­nity to rec­tify or at least start rec­ti­fy­ing what they con­sider an his­toric wrong They ap­pear de­ter­mined to seize it, though hob­bled by com­pet­ing vi­sions about how best to do Af­ter the rev­o­lu­tion , many young Kurds joined in, echo­ing calls for the down­fall of the regime, tra­di­tional Kur­dish po­lit­i­cal par­ties took a some­what dif­fer­ent view. They feared fierce reprisal against their peo­ple if they de­ci­sively joined the op­po­si­tion; nursed re­sent­ment at Arab in­dif­fer­ence dur­ing their own protests and sub­se­quent regime crack­down in last ten years , saw more to gain by re­main­ing on the side­lines; and wor­ried that newly em­pow­ered ac­tivists would chal­lenge their role. Mean­while, hop­ing to avoid a new bat­tle­front and bank­ing on Arab-Kur­dish di­vi­sions to fur­ther muddy the pic­ture, the regime for the most part left Kurds alone. As a re­sult, most Kur­dish par­ties opted to re­main in the shad­ows of Syria’s broader con­flict.

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