The wall be­tween South and West of Kur­dis­tan fell

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

Some­times we have to make re­sem­blance be­tween the re­cent de­vel­op­ments in South­ern Kur­dis­tan which is now ad­min­is­trated by Kur­dish au­thor­ity and em­i­gra­tion of Kurds in Western Kur­dis­tan dur­ing the last two years and es­pe­cially in the re­cent ten days, to the fall of Ber­lin Wall. It’s true that Ger­many was di­vided into two coun­tries, then uni­fied, but Kur­dis­tan is a di­vided parts which has no en­tity and power. But still Kurds are one na­tion like Ger­mans. A part of Kur­dis­tan has been li­brated in which Kurds have au­ton­omy. And the other part is oc­cu­pied and ruled by Syr­ian Baath. In ad­di­tion to clashes, wars, in­ter­nal and ex­ter­nal threats, a new his­toric op­por­tu­nity has arisen in Western Kur­dis­tan, which could achieve both a new hori­zon, and headache and dif­fi­cul­ties to Kur­dish au­thor­ity in Kur­dis­tan Re­gion.

In the last two weeks, more than 30 thou­sand civil Kurds con­sisted of chil­dren, el­derly, women and youth, left Western Kur­dis­tan in fear of death, hunger, war and pres­sure of in­sur­gent groups and fled to Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. A flee that is like the fall of Ber­lin Wall.

As this mass em­i­gra­tion and the es­cape of civil peo­ple to a safe and stable zone is one of the alerts fac­ing in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. Iran and Syria may ex­ploit this mat­ter to ex­press their dis­ap­proval against rad­i­cal Is­lamist op­po­si­tion, and it’s not far off that Turkey will ex­ploit it as a pres­sure on other Kur­dish par­ties against the ex­is­tence of PYD fighters and driv­ing the fears into another di­rec­tion. That’s why the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity should be awak­ened, so that Kurds not to be used as the fuel of this chronic war in Syria. It’s also good to know what’s hap­pen­ing in the area and what will be the dis­putes af­ter the changes and what are the ac­tual and demo­cratic res­o­lu­tions. Be­cause this is a tragic dis­as­ter against hu­man rights and puts lives of thou­sands of civil Kurds un­der threats. At the same time, the role of Iran, Syria and Iraq in us­ing Kur­dish card sup­ported by PYD is ob­vi­ous. It’s not far off that this mass ex­plo­sion will have a neg­a­tive im­pact on the safe and stable re­gion of the Mid­dle East which is South­ern Kur­dis­tan.

In the in­ter­na­tional level, the re­ac­tions to the mass em­i­gra­tion are not re­spon­sive. It’s true that some in­ter­na­tional me­dia and UN rep­re­sen­ta­tive in Iraq men­tioned the em­i­gra­tion and KRG's quick re­sponse in pro­vid­ing ac­com­mo­da­tion, food, med­i­cal treat­ment, and pro­vid­ing se­cu­rity and safety for these 30.000 peo­ple, in ad­di­tion to another 160,000 emi­grants from Syria, and thou­sands of Arabs from South­ern Iraq and thou­sand of Chris­tians who fled to Kur­dis­tan in fear of ter­ror and vi­o­lence of rad­i­cal Is­lamist groups. But they doesn’t seem to have taken any prac­ti­cal step in pro­vid­ing needs of these peo­ple and an­a­lyz­ing the chronic im­pacts of this sit­u­a­tion, or thought about the con­se­quences.

Po­lit­i­cally, many an­a­lyze the sit­u­a­tion to be strength­en­ing the na­tional po­si­tion of Kurds in both parts of Kur­dis­tan. It’s far off that this mat­ter to be ap­pro­pri­ate step so that both party work for es­tab­lish­ing a safe and au­ton­o­mous area in a near fu­ture like what’s now in Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. It’s not far off that a fed­er­a­tion area to be es­tab­lished in Syria for Kurds, af­ter which, steps to be taken for na­tional unity and joint au­thor­ity. KDP led by Ma­soud Barzani has a long term his­toric and pub­lic po­si­tion in Western Kur­dis­tan; it’s not far off that this mat­ter paves the way for es­tab­lish­ing such a na­tional unity.

And some oth­ers an­a­lyze it to pos­si­bly be a re­gional plan for scat­ter­ing and sep­a­rat­ing Kurds in Western Kur­dis­tan, and the se­cu­rity that’s been ex­isted dur­ing the last two years in the area, wors­ens like other ar­eas of Syria where there are wars, mas­sacres and de­struc­tion. Kurds will be one of the main and de­ci­sion­maker par­ties in the fu­ture of Syria. It’s also not far off that forc­ing Kurds in Western Kur­dis­tan to cross to Kur­dis­tan Re­gion in or­der to use it as a po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic and even psy­cho­log­i­cal pres­sure against Kur­dis­tan Re­gion au­thor­ity, and es­pe­cially KDP and Ma­soud Barzani, and KRG PM Nechir­van Barzani, whose in­flu­ence and power over those ar­eas are ex­tend­ing, and also the bor­der of the prob­lems lie on the bor­ders of the ar­eas they have in­flu­ence over.

But on the con­trary, an ex­pected con­se­quence is seen in this em­i­gra­tion, which is tight­en­ing and strength­en­ing na­tional unity among Kurds in all parts of Kur­dis­tan. This con­se­quence might even be painful, but these na­tional par­ties will ex­tend their po­si­tion which is pos­i­tively treated far from po­lit­i­cal re­ac­tion. The num­bers in­di­cated that more than 170.000 Kurds from Western Kur­dis­tan live in Kur­dis­tan Re­gion as refugees. And the re­cent 30.000 who ar­rived Kur­dis­tan Re­gion is a clear in­di­ca­tion of the hu­man­i­tar­ian and po­lit­i­cal re­la­tion and im­pact among Kurds and man­i­fests the re­gional in­ter­ests of nearby coun­tries. Un­less the bor­ders are closed, this num­ber will dras­ti­cally in­crease.

Kur­dis­tan Re­gion ex­pressed its warm wel­come and made quick prepa­ra­tions. Hawler cit­i­zens and other ar­eas pre­sented a lot of sup­port to their broth­ers in Western Kur­dis­tan. The refugees were di­vided be­tween some ar­eas in Duhok, Er­bil and other dis­tricts, and they were ac­com­mo­dated, and about 3000 of them were sent to Sle­many prov­ince. This readi­ness of KRG in­di­cates that Kur­dish au­thor­ity is ready to any po­lit­i­cal, hu­man­i­tar­ian and eco­nomic pos­si­bil­i­ties in all parts of Kur­dis­tan, on the con­trary of what some ex­pected of drown Kur­dish au­thor­ity into crises and dif­fi­cul­ties.

The KRG should de­mand in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity to aid these refugees, to make their life and place bet­ter, to pro­vide fu­ture to their chil­dren and pa­tients. Po­lit­i­cal res­o­lu­tion should be found in the in­ter­na­tional medium. In­ter­nally, at­tempts should be made to unify the voice and opin­ion of po­lit­i­cal par­ties in Kur­dis­tan for fac­ing the dif­fi­cul­ties and shap­ing the fu­ture of this part of Kur­dis­tan, and em­i­gra­tion should no longer be al­lowed and Kur­dish cit­i­zens should stay in their place. And also in­ter­nally, the lives and des­tinies of these thou­sands of Kur­dish refugees should not be ex­ploited as a po­lit­i­cal card for in­ter­nal com­pe­ti­tion. PYD, which is an of­fi­cial wing of PKK, should leave away self-im­pos­ing. Yes, we can say that the wall be­tween South and West of Kur­dis­tan fell; this could be the start­ing point of na­tional unity… the start­ing point of unity of our agony... the be­gin­ning of head­ing to­wards a new his­toric stage in Kur­dis­tan.

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