The wall between South and West of Kurdistan fell
Sometimes we have to make resemblance between the recent developments in Southern Kurdistan which is now administrated by Kurdish authority and emigration of Kurds in Western Kurdistan during the last two years and especially in the recent ten days, to the fall of Berlin Wall. It’s true that Germany was divided into two countries, then unified, but Kurdistan is a divided parts which has no entity and power. But still Kurds are one nation like Germans. A part of Kurdistan has been librated in which Kurds have autonomy. And the other part is occupied and ruled by Syrian Baath. In addition to clashes, wars, internal and external threats, a new historic opportunity has arisen in Western Kurdistan, which could achieve both a new horizon, and headache and difficulties to Kurdish authority in Kurdistan Region.
In the last two weeks, more than 30 thousand civil Kurds consisted of children, elderly, women and youth, left Western Kurdistan in fear of death, hunger, war and pressure of insurgent groups and fled to Kurdistan Region. A flee that is like the fall of Berlin Wall.
As this mass emigration and the escape of civil people to a safe and stable zone is one of the alerts facing international community. Iran and Syria may exploit this matter to express their disapproval against radical Islamist opposition, and it’s not far off that Turkey will exploit it as a pressure on other Kurdish parties against the existence of PYD fighters and driving the fears into another direction. That’s why the international community should be awakened, so that Kurds not to be used as the fuel of this chronic war in Syria. It’s also good to know what’s happening in the area and what will be the disputes after the changes and what are the actual and democratic resolutions. Because this is a tragic disaster against human rights and puts lives of thousands of civil Kurds under threats. At the same time, the role of Iran, Syria and Iraq in using Kurdish card supported by PYD is obvious. It’s not far off that this mass explosion will have a negative impact on the safe and stable region of the Middle East which is Southern Kurdistan.
In the international level, the reactions to the mass emigration are not responsive. It’s true that some international media and UN representative in Iraq mentioned the emigration and KRG's quick response in providing accommodation, food, medical treatment, and providing security and safety for these 30.000 people, in addition to another 160,000 emigrants from Syria, and thousands of Arabs from Southern Iraq and thousand of Christians who fled to Kurdistan in fear of terror and violence of radical Islamist groups. But they doesn’t seem to have taken any practical step in providing needs of these people and analyzing the chronic impacts of this situation, or thought about the consequences.
Politically, many analyze the situation to be strengthening the national position of Kurds in both parts of Kurdistan. It’s far off that this matter to be appropriate step so that both party work for establishing a safe and autonomous area in a near future like what’s now in Kurdistan Region. It’s not far off that a federation area to be established in Syria for Kurds, after which, steps to be taken for national unity and joint authority. KDP led by Masoud Barzani has a long term historic and public position in Western Kurdistan; it’s not far off that this matter paves the way for establishing such a national unity.
And some others analyze it to possibly be a regional plan for scattering and separating Kurds in Western Kurdistan, and the security that’s been existed during the last two years in the area, worsens like other areas of Syria where there are wars, massacres and destruction. Kurds will be one of the main and decisionmaker parties in the future of Syria. It’s also not far off that forcing Kurds in Western Kurdistan to cross to Kurdistan Region in order to use it as a political, economic and even psychological pressure against Kurdistan Region authority, and especially KDP and Masoud Barzani, and KRG PM Nechirvan Barzani, whose influence and power over those areas are extending, and also the border of the problems lie on the borders of the areas they have influence over.
But on the contrary, an expected consequence is seen in this emigration, which is tightening and strengthening national unity among Kurds in all parts of Kurdistan. This consequence might even be painful, but these national parties will extend their position which is positively treated far from political reaction. The numbers indicated that more than 170.000 Kurds from Western Kurdistan live in Kurdistan Region as refugees. And the recent 30.000 who arrived Kurdistan Region is a clear indication of the humanitarian and political relation and impact among Kurds and manifests the regional interests of nearby countries. Unless the borders are closed, this number will drastically increase.
Kurdistan Region expressed its warm welcome and made quick preparations. Hawler citizens and other areas presented a lot of support to their brothers in Western Kurdistan. The refugees were divided between some areas in Duhok, Erbil and other districts, and they were accommodated, and about 3000 of them were sent to Slemany province. This readiness of KRG indicates that Kurdish authority is ready to any political, humanitarian and economic possibilities in all parts of Kurdistan, on the contrary of what some expected of drown Kurdish authority into crises and difficulties.
The KRG should demand international community to aid these refugees, to make their life and place better, to provide future to their children and patients. Political resolution should be found in the international medium. Internally, attempts should be made to unify the voice and opinion of political parties in Kurdistan for facing the difficulties and shaping the future of this part of Kurdistan, and emigration should no longer be allowed and Kurdish citizens should stay in their place. And also internally, the lives and destinies of these thousands of Kurdish refugees should not be exploited as a political card for internal competition. PYD, which is an official wing of PKK, should leave away self-imposing. Yes, we can say that the wall between South and West of Kurdistan fell; this could be the starting point of national unity… the starting point of unity of our agony... the beginning of heading towards a new historic stage in Kurdistan.