First published in 2005 After World War I, a gradual change came into being whereby a process of oppression began to eradicate the character of the individual as authorities learned new ways of using power for suppression. Throughout the East, the Kurds are the only nation that has persisted in armed, political and diplomatic struggle against the governments in Baghdad, Tehran, Ankara and Damascus. The Kurds also took advantage of globalism in the nineteen nineties. During both Gulf wars, the Kurds were able to take important steps forward, while other Middle Eastern minorities holding nationalist and socialist beliefs were being oppressed. People were oppressed in the light of national interest and military power, and genocide was committed against the Kurds as a consequence of policies enacted by the Iraqi government. Chemical weapons were used against them, but back then, when the gloomy East was drowning as a result of a policy of militarism and chauvinism, no one even mentioned crimes against humanity.
Today, two years after the Arab Spring, citizens are still being exploited by political parties, crimes are still underway, and disputes between power and democracy remain tough. Political freedom and the right to life have still not been guaranteed, and the Islamic-Arabic community is not at peace.
Following a year of rule by the Islamists, Egypt has moved towards still more gloominess. Libya has still to stabilize. In Tunis, political rivalry and the assassination of opposition personalities is the norm, as are protests against political Islamism. Chemical weapons are being used in Syria and hundreds of thousands have been killed, and millions forced to flee, as a consequence of the constant turmoil. The East is, in any case, gloomy.
Who is responsible for the constant gloominess in the East? Do political parties—those in opposition as much as those in power--help prolong the gloom? Fearful and concerned, the international community accuses political Islamism movements of adding to the gloom. If we take Syria as an example, one of the reasons the international community has not stepped in to protect civilians is the radical Islamic Al-Nusrah Movement. The failure of the democratic process in Egypt, Tunis, Libya and even Iraq is also considered an extension of the political position of the Islamist movements. What’s even more complicated is the escalation of sectarian conflict between Sunni and Shiaas in the Middle East.
Syria has become the epicentre of Middle Eastern gloom. The sectarian defence line from Iran passes through Iraq and broadens the scope of the war in Syria with weapons and forces supported by Hizbullah. The conflict in Lebanon is expanding, and bombs and killings have begun. In the Gulf countries, Shiaas are demanding change in Bahrain, while in Yemen, the Huthies are waging war with Iranian support.
Qatar, on the other hand, let the Muslim Brotherhood take power. However, after the Islamist failures in Egypt, Saudi, Bahrain, Kuwait and elsewhere, they chose to support the army and secular parties in Egypt and other places, supporting Sunni groups to oppose the extension of Shiaa power and geographical authority.
As a consequence of the failure of political Islamism, the army is about to be given legitimacy once more. Bashar Assad’s army is also being allowed to oppress people and use chemical weapons for fear of the spread of radical Islamism. Noori Al-Maliky is also being allowed to use his power to strengthen his position for fear of an escalation of violence in Iraq, even though Iraq is stepping into the unknown.
This is not desperation, because the East will carry on seeking revolution and change and ousting oppressive and dictatorial governments. And, in this globalized era of ours, people are better acquainted with their political and civil rights. This is why they intend to change the ruling systems and build a modern civil society. But the international community, and the super powers and prominent security council members in particular, will not support such citizen revolutions, both because they do not want to be divided, and because they are afraid of the growth of Islamist movements. We need look no further than the stance taken by America, Europe, Russia and China on chemical weapon use in Syria.
The internal issues in the East and the conflicting interests of America and Europe on the one side, and Russia and China on the other, have become the main reason behind the persistent gloom in the East. And gloominess means continuing oppression and killing, dictatorships and strengthening military resolutions. It means that peoples have to be pessimistic. That is why the international community has to take a major part of the responsibility for the bloody incidents n the East and for the survival of gloominess, just as the dictatorships are the reason behind these incidents and gloominess, and radical groups and parties underpin the terror of the international community. But do not forget that the gloominess of East does not cause only destruction, terror, human rights violations and backwardness; it also becomes a source of concern to the interests of Western powers, and of American national interests in particular.
In the gloomy East, the only place which is brightening and developing is the stateless Region of Kurdistan.