Gloomy East

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san EX­EC­U­TIVE ED­I­TOR

First pub­lished in 2005 Af­ter World War I, a grad­ual change came into be­ing whereby a process of op­pres­sion be­gan to erad­i­cate the char­ac­ter of the in­di­vid­ual as au­thor­i­ties learned new ways of us­ing power for sup­pres­sion. Through­out the East, the Kurds are the only na­tion that has per­sisted in armed, po­lit­i­cal and diplo­matic strug­gle against the gov­ern­ments in Bagh­dad, Tehran, Ankara and Damascus. The Kurds also took ad­van­tage of glob­al­ism in the nine­teen nineties. Dur­ing both Gulf wars, the Kurds were able to take im­por­tant steps for­ward, while other Mid­dle East­ern mi­nori­ties hold­ing na­tion­al­ist and so­cial­ist be­liefs were be­ing op­pressed. Peo­ple were op­pressed in the light of na­tional in­ter­est and mil­i­tary power, and geno­cide was com­mit­ted against the Kurds as a con­se­quence of poli­cies en­acted by the Iraqi gov­ern­ment. Chem­i­cal weapons were used against them, but back then, when the gloomy East was drown­ing as a re­sult of a pol­icy of mil­i­tarism and chau­vin­ism, no one even men­tioned crimes against hu­man­ity.

To­day, two years af­ter the Arab Spring, cit­i­zens are still be­ing ex­ploited by po­lit­i­cal par­ties, crimes are still un­der­way, and dis­putes be­tween power and democ­racy re­main tough. Po­lit­i­cal free­dom and the right to life have still not been guar­an­teed, and the Is­lamic-Ara­bic com­mu­nity is not at peace.

Fol­low­ing a year of rule by the Is­lamists, Egypt has moved to­wards still more gloomi­ness. Libya has still to sta­bi­lize. In Tu­nis, po­lit­i­cal rivalry and the as­sas­si­na­tion of op­po­si­tion per­son­al­i­ties is the norm, as are protests against po­lit­i­cal Is­lamism. Chem­i­cal weapons are be­ing used in Syria and hun­dreds of thou­sands have been killed, and mil­lions forced to flee, as a con­se­quence of the con­stant tur­moil. The East is, in any case, gloomy.

Who is re­spon­si­ble for the con­stant gloomi­ness in the East? Do po­lit­i­cal par­ties—those in op­po­si­tion as much as those in power--help pro­long the gloom? Fear­ful and con­cerned, the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity ac­cuses po­lit­i­cal Is­lamism move­ments of adding to the gloom. If we take Syria as an ex­am­ple, one of the rea­sons the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity has not stepped in to pro­tect civil­ians is the rad­i­cal Is­lamic Al-Nus­rah Move­ment. The fail­ure of the demo­cratic process in Egypt, Tu­nis, Libya and even Iraq is also con­sid­ered an ex­ten­sion of the po­lit­i­cal po­si­tion of the Is­lamist move­ments. What’s even more com­pli­cated is the es­ca­la­tion of sec­tar­ian con­flict be­tween Sunni and Shi­aas in the Mid­dle East.

Syria has be­come the epi­cen­tre of Mid­dle East­ern gloom. The sec­tar­ian de­fence line from Iran passes through Iraq and broad­ens the scope of the war in Syria with weapons and forces sup­ported by Hizbul­lah. The con­flict in Le­banon is ex­pand­ing, and bombs and killings have be­gun. In the Gulf coun­tries, Shi­aas are de­mand­ing change in Bahrain, while in Ye­men, the Huthies are wag­ing war with Ira­nian sup­port.

Qatar, on the other hand, let the Mus­lim Brother­hood take power. How­ever, af­ter the Is­lamist fail­ures in Egypt, Saudi, Bahrain, Kuwait and else­where, they chose to sup­port the army and sec­u­lar par­ties in Egypt and other places, sup­port­ing Sunni groups to op­pose the ex­ten­sion of Shiaa power and ge­o­graph­i­cal au­thor­ity.

As a con­se­quence of the fail­ure of po­lit­i­cal Is­lamism, the army is about to be given le­git­i­macy once more. Bashar As­sad’s army is also be­ing al­lowed to op­press peo­ple and use chem­i­cal weapons for fear of the spread of rad­i­cal Is­lamism. Noori Al-Ma­liky is also be­ing al­lowed to use his power to strengthen his po­si­tion for fear of an es­ca­la­tion of vi­o­lence in Iraq, even though Iraq is step­ping into the un­known.

This is not des­per­a­tion, be­cause the East will carry on seek­ing rev­o­lu­tion and change and oust­ing op­pres­sive and dic­ta­to­rial gov­ern­ments. And, in this glob­al­ized era of ours, peo­ple are bet­ter ac­quainted with their po­lit­i­cal and civil rights. This is why they in­tend to change the rul­ing sys­tems and build a mod­ern civil so­ci­ety. But the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity, and the su­per pow­ers and prom­i­nent se­cu­rity coun­cil mem­bers in par­tic­u­lar, will not sup­port such cit­i­zen rev­o­lu­tions, both be­cause they do not want to be di­vided, and be­cause they are afraid of the growth of Is­lamist move­ments. We need look no fur­ther than the stance taken by Amer­ica, Europe, Rus­sia and China on chem­i­cal weapon use in Syria.

The in­ter­nal is­sues in the East and the con­flict­ing in­ter­ests of Amer­ica and Europe on the one side, and Rus­sia and China on the other, have be­come the main rea­son be­hind the per­sis­tent gloom in the East. And gloomi­ness means con­tin­u­ing op­pres­sion and killing, dic­ta­tor­ships and strength­en­ing mil­i­tary res­o­lu­tions. It means that peo­ples have to be pes­simistic. That is why the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity has to take a ma­jor part of the re­spon­si­bil­ity for the bloody in­ci­dents n the East and for the sur­vival of gloomi­ness, just as the dic­ta­tor­ships are the rea­son be­hind th­ese in­ci­dents and gloomi­ness, and rad­i­cal groups and par­ties un­der­pin the ter­ror of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. But do not for­get that the gloomi­ness of East does not cause only de­struc­tion, ter­ror, hu­man rights vi­o­la­tions and back­ward­ness; it also be­comes a source of con­cern to the in­ter­ests of Western pow­ers, and of Amer­i­can na­tional in­ter­ests in par­tic­u­lar.

In the gloomy East, the only place which is bright­en­ing and de­vel­op­ing is the state­less Re­gion of Kur­dis­tan.

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