The Hard Stage
On September 21, the fourth round of Kurdistan Parliament election proceeded. The process was good, but some parties, especially the opposition seem to criticize counting votes, rather than voting process itself. This situation seems to have involved Slemany province more, where Gorran movement won majority of votes.
It’s not yet tackled how the parties could accept the final result of elections and their percentages. The PUK which has won 18 seats, congratulated its candidates and called on them to be brave defenders in the Parliament. PDK which has won 38 seats in the election on the other hand congratulated people of Kurdistan concerning the success of voting process. Gorran Movement has won 24, Islamic Union 10, and Islamic Group 6 seats. The three opposition parties always originate their policy on criticism and have stated their disapproval of the rates which The Iraqi High Electoral Commission announced on October 2, claiming they have right of getting more votes. So if it’s that way and this measurement is basis of defining the rates of votes and seats, every party claim getting more votes, there are even some lists who have got few hundred votes, while they were claiming getting large number of votes and seats, that’s why, this sort of discourse has been built on self-deception and sentiments rather than reality.
The important thing is that the process is over. The IHEC has made the final decision, the only opportunity has been left for lists to say their opinions, is making appeal in Kurdistan Region court. What’s considered from now on, is the second stage which could be a uneasy and non-simple stage, because parallel with the first days of finalizing election process, radical Islamist terrorists launched terrorist attacks against security institutions of Kurdistan Region in the capital city of Erbil. This is a serious message to the authority in Kurdistan Region, especially while Kurdistan Region is known for its stability and has had the trust of international community. At the same time, Iraq has become an area full of blasts and killing. Hundreds has been victims of terrorist attacks in September. There are a number of instability issues and other crises which can have impact on the situation of Kurdistan Region.
Another aspect of this stage is the manner of approving the results and the future policy of KRG by neighbouring countries and friends in the West and America. In the first step, America, UN, Russia, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Iraqi government itself congratulated voting process and the results.
The political parties have now merged into claiming over the manner of formation of the upcoming government. Some parties are looking positively to the process, some others think the process forming government will be lasting for long, the political game will start from here and the process needs time, because the parties have taken part in the election in separate lists, the results are also separate. It’s also not far that the opposition emphasizes on a couple of positions for the sake of gaining some achievements.
Let>s not forget that the PUK will be the tough and effective number, whether how will they intend to participate in the government. While KDP and PUK still have the strategic agreement, they have announced ahead of the election that extending the agreement is an essential element of the stage. Although they revealed that some sections of the agreement need amendment and revision. KDP will have a heavy responsibility in administration and making decision. As for PUK, it should choose its destiny in method and the manner of taking part in the upcoming government. What>s more interesting is the 11 quote seats of (Christian, Armenians and Turkman) and the four seats of each one of (Islamic movement, Socialist, Communist and Third Direction). These also could have impact on alliances and formation of parliamentary blocs. The coming steps of Kurdistan Parliament and formation of Kurdistan Government doesn>t seem to be easy. The pressure are rising against each other, the competition is getting tougher. The parties should give more concern to determination of people, not as political claim, but as services.
All over the world, if society steps toward openness and democracy, the competitions go tougher and the steps come into more question and pressure. That>s why it>s ordinary that parties compete warmly in Kurdistan, but it shouldn>t be forgotten, there are many steps ahead for Kurdistan in national terms. If unity, common discourse isn>t achieved, what>s been achieved so far will be victim of politics. But this doesn’t mean that Kurdistan is moving toward darkness, every era of time needs new resolution, coordination and policy. That why, alongside with toughness of steps, Kurdistan is moving toward optimism, because the will of people and political determination are ready to make decision and respect the consequences. The pressures and criticism that are spread out by some parties seem to be used only for hiding the pledges and claims they have given their supporters during the election campaign.