Com­mon De­vel­op­ment, Erad­i­ca­tion of Vi­o­lence

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By By Gazi Has­san

The Mid­dle East has be­come a cen­tre of vi­o­lence; es­pe­cially those groups who work un­der the name of rad­i­cal Is­lamists have taken ad­van­tage of some ba­sic fac­tors in so­ci­ety for de­vel­op­ing and widen­ing their ac­tiv­i­ties and trans­form­ing vi­o­lence from be­lief to other fields of so­ci­ety and mur­der. Some of these fac­tors are mainly eco­nom­i­cal, such as rise of poverty and un­em­ploy­ment rates, con­trol­ling the so­ci­ety by to­tal­i­tar­ian regimes, ab­sence of joint and com­mon de­vel­op­ment op­por­tu­nity within com­mu­nity classes and in­di­vid­u­als, the fail­ure of the na­tional projects and the demo­cratic po­lit­i­cal move­ments, the fail­ure of Western and Amer­i­can project of trans­for­ma­tion and es­tab­lish­ing lib­eral and civil so­ci­ety, in ad­di­tion to all of these, the strength of sec­tar­ian, tribal root and groups in so­ci­ety.

In Kur­dis­tan, due to so­ci­ety>s pros­per­ity and de­vel­op­ment, and the sup­pres­sion that has been un­der­way for hun­dreds of years against Kur­dis­tani so­ci­ety by states of Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran for op­press­ing Kur­dish in­di­vid­ual, con­trary to other Is­lamic and Mid­dle Eastern so­ci­eties, the op­por­tu­nity and works for head­ing to­ward democ­racy and lib­er­at­ing from to­tal­i­tar­ian pol­icy is fur­ther more. Kur­dish so­ci­ety hasn’t yet had any self-ad­min­is­tra­tion power to say it has failed in the na­tional and demo­cratic fields. The West and Amer­ica, haven’t dealt with es­tab­lish­ment of a civil and lib­eral so­ci­ety in Kur­dis­tan as an in­de­pen­dent state and a dif­fer­ent na­tion from states of Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran, in or­der to be said that peo­ple have neg­a­tive re­ac­tion against them or head to­ward vi­o­lence and the se­ri­ous move­ment that works un­der the name of re­li­gion in the East. Kur­dis­tan, con­trary to all other ar­eas of The East, is in a boom­ing eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment. Poverty and un­em­ploy­ment rates are far less, com­pared to the Arab pop­u­lated ar­eas of Iraq, and other states of the re­gion.

There­fore, for erad­i­cat­ing vi­o­lence in all of its forms and di­rec­tions, the com­mon de­vel­op­ment will be one of the key fac­tors, as the In­ter­na­tional Bank men­tions. For that rea­son, it’s of con­sid­er­able im­por­tance and sig­nif­i­cance for Kur­dis­tan Re­gion to take care of com­mon de­vel­op­ment in the up­com­ing years. More ser­vice projects to be pre­sented in Duhok, the in­come and fi­nan­cial abil­ity of Sle­many prov­ince to be spent for pros­per­ity of its ar­eas. Eco­nomic, so­cial, cul­tural progress projects to be equally and com­monly de­vel­oped In Germyan, Hal­abja, Raniya and So­ran, which are four de­cen­tral­ized ad­min­is­tra­tions and works are un­der­way to be­come prov­inces af­ter Bag­dad govern­ment>s ap­proval.

Vi­o­lence in all its di­rec­tions is fur­ther in the ar­eas which have wit­nessed less de­vel­op­ment. If we stare at Arab Spring, we feel that one of the aims of the rev­o­lu­tion was cre­at­ing op­por- tu­nity for lower classes to live along­side with the mid­dle class and share the de­vel­op­ment of so­ci­ety and the changes. Fall­ing short of the changes and aims is per­haps one of the fac­tors be­hind sparks of vi­o­lence that have ap­peared rapidly and more ef­fec­tively.

That’s why it’s vi­tally im­por­tant in Kur­dis­tan Re­gion that works are done as a project and a strate­gic ob­jec­tive to create com­mon op­por­tu­nity, joint ground for de­vel­op­ment in all ar­eas, so that peo­ple can step calmer and more ac­tively for­ward. Then, so­cial peace, co­op­er­a­tion and in­di­vid­ual par­tic­i­pa­tion will be fur­ther in the de­vel­op­ment of the so­ci­ety.

In Kur­dis­tan Re­gion, vi­o­lence have been im­ported from out­side, the rad­i­cal Is­lamist groups in­tend to re­sort vi­o­lence through some prospec­tive in this calm and pro­gress­ing re­gion. The first one is halt­ing the na­tional di­rec­tion and the move to­wards the in­de­pen­dence of Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. The se­cond one is that Kur­dis­tan Re­gion is wit­ness­ing a fast de­vel­op­ment, which has been a fac­tor of tran­quil­ity and se­cu­rity, and strength­en­ing of eco­nom­i­cal and diplo­matic ties with outer world. All of these will cause ide­o­log­i­cal, re­li­gious and po­lit­i­cal vi­o­la­tion roots to weaken. On the con­trary, democ­racy and lib­er­al­ism is de­vel­op­ing, the in­stance is the par­lia­men­tary elec­tion of Septem­ber 19, 2013 in which more than 73% of peo­ple par­tic­i­pated in the process, 32 lists and po­lit­i­cal blocs from var­i­ous re­li­gion, na­tions and dif­fer­ent colors par­tic­i­pated in the elec­tions. So­cial and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment is step­ping for­ward rapidly. On the con­trary, in the Arab pop­u­lated part of Iraq, un­em­ploy­ment, cor­rup­tion, break up of so­ci­ety is on rapid rise and re­li­gious and sec­tar­ian vi­o­lence and ter­ror­ist at­tacks are rapidly in­creas­ing. In Syria, the rad­i­cal groups and vi­o­lence be­tween the govern­ment and the op­po­si­tion has reached the most se­ri­ous level. In Egypt, protests and demon­stra­tions are un­der­way. In Tu­nisia, peo­ple dis­ap­prove with Is­lamists’ rule. In Libya, sta­bil­ity hasn’t yet achieved. In Ye­men, vi­o­lence is still un­der­way. In the Arab Gulf, sec­tar­ian is­sue hasn’t yet re­solved. In Turkey, the Kur­dish ques­tion hasn’t yet re­solved and Iran is fac­ing nu­clear weapon crises with the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity, and other eco­nomic is­sue on the light of Western and Amer­i­can sanc­tions. Vi­o­lence is un­der­way in Afghanistan, and Pak­istan is un­sta­ble. In Africa, the is­sues of rad­i­cal Is­lamist groups were un­able to be re­solved.

But in Kur­dis­tan, con­trary to all of these, all peo­ple are seek­ing more hap­pi­ness and tran­quil­ity. Kur­dis­tan Re­gion has be­come a pos­i­tive point for eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment and coex­is­tence. Hence, there has to be more ef­fort to im­prove joint de­vel­op­ment for the sake of more se­cu­rity and sta­bil­ity.


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