Common Development, Eradication of Violence
The Middle East has become a centre of violence; especially those groups who work under the name of radical Islamists have taken advantage of some basic factors in society for developing and widening their activities and transforming violence from belief to other fields of society and murder. Some of these factors are mainly economical, such as rise of poverty and unemployment rates, controlling the society by totalitarian regimes, absence of joint and common development opportunity within community classes and individuals, the failure of the national projects and the democratic political movements, the failure of Western and American project of transformation and establishing liberal and civil society, in addition to all of these, the strength of sectarian, tribal root and groups in society.
In Kurdistan, due to society>s prosperity and development, and the suppression that has been underway for hundreds of years against Kurdistani society by states of Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran for oppressing Kurdish individual, contrary to other Islamic and Middle Eastern societies, the opportunity and works for heading toward democracy and liberating from totalitarian policy is further more. Kurdish society hasn’t yet had any self-administration power to say it has failed in the national and democratic fields. The West and America, haven’t dealt with establishment of a civil and liberal society in Kurdistan as an independent state and a different nation from states of Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran, in order to be said that people have negative reaction against them or head toward violence and the serious movement that works under the name of religion in the East. Kurdistan, contrary to all other areas of The East, is in a booming economic development. Poverty and unemployment rates are far less, compared to the Arab populated areas of Iraq, and other states of the region.
Therefore, for eradicating violence in all of its forms and directions, the common development will be one of the key factors, as the International Bank mentions. For that reason, it’s of considerable importance and significance for Kurdistan Region to take care of common development in the upcoming years. More service projects to be presented in Duhok, the income and financial ability of Slemany province to be spent for prosperity of its areas. Economic, social, cultural progress projects to be equally and commonly developed In Germyan, Halabja, Raniya and Soran, which are four decentralized administrations and works are underway to become provinces after Bagdad government>s approval.
Violence in all its directions is further in the areas which have witnessed less development. If we stare at Arab Spring, we feel that one of the aims of the revolution was creating oppor- tunity for lower classes to live alongside with the middle class and share the development of society and the changes. Falling short of the changes and aims is perhaps one of the factors behind sparks of violence that have appeared rapidly and more effectively.
That’s why it’s vitally important in Kurdistan Region that works are done as a project and a strategic objective to create common opportunity, joint ground for development in all areas, so that people can step calmer and more actively forward. Then, social peace, cooperation and individual participation will be further in the development of the society.
In Kurdistan Region, violence have been imported from outside, the radical Islamist groups intend to resort violence through some prospective in this calm and progressing region. The first one is halting the national direction and the move towards the independence of Kurdistan Region. The second one is that Kurdistan Region is witnessing a fast development, which has been a factor of tranquility and security, and strengthening of economical and diplomatic ties with outer world. All of these will cause ideological, religious and political violation roots to weaken. On the contrary, democracy and liberalism is developing, the instance is the parliamentary election of September 19, 2013 in which more than 73% of people participated in the process, 32 lists and political blocs from various religion, nations and different colors participated in the elections. Social and economic development is stepping forward rapidly. On the contrary, in the Arab populated part of Iraq, unemployment, corruption, break up of society is on rapid rise and religious and sectarian violence and terrorist attacks are rapidly increasing. In Syria, the radical groups and violence between the government and the opposition has reached the most serious level. In Egypt, protests and demonstrations are underway. In Tunisia, people disapprove with Islamists’ rule. In Libya, stability hasn’t yet achieved. In Yemen, violence is still underway. In the Arab Gulf, sectarian issue hasn’t yet resolved. In Turkey, the Kurdish question hasn’t yet resolved and Iran is facing nuclear weapon crises with the international community, and other economic issue on the light of Western and American sanctions. Violence is underway in Afghanistan, and Pakistan is unstable. In Africa, the issues of radical Islamist groups were unable to be resolved.
But in Kurdistan, contrary to all of these, all people are seeking more happiness and tranquility. Kurdistan Region has become a positive point for economic and social development and coexistence. Hence, there has to be more effort to improve joint development for the sake of more security and stability.