Principles of democracy in Middle East Nations ..
Finally the peoples of the Third World and the Middle East have realized they have rights in their countries: the right to live in accordance with the principles of freedom and democracy.
It is important to have the right to express diverse political views, including those that are unpopular. This relates to support for democracy in general: those who support political tolerance are more likely to support democracy and vice versa. There is strong support around the world for the right to express diverse ideas and for the fulfillment of equality of rights for women and minorities. Public opinion is a complex collection of the opinions of many different people and the sum of all their views, as well as a single opinion held by an individual on a social or political topic. Public opinion has changed dramatically over time.
How important do you think it is for people to be free to express unpopular political views, without fear of being harassed or punished? Freedom of this sort is very or somewhat important. In the modern Middle East, the majorities who are calling for freedom of expression assign great importance to it.
Public opinion plays an important role in the political sphere. Cutting across all aspects of the relationship between government and public opinion are studies of voting behavior. These have registered the distribution of opinions on a wide variety of issues, have explored the impact of special interest groups on election outcomes and have contributed to our knowledge of the effects of government propaganda and policy.
The most pervasive issue dividing theories on the relationship between opinion and policy bears a striking resemblance to the problem of monism-pluralism in the history of philosophy. The controversy deals with the question of whether the structure of socio-political action should be viewed as a more or less centralized process of acts and decisions by a class of key leaders who represent integrated hierarchies of influence in society, or whether it is more accurately envisaged as several sets of relatively autonomous opinion and influence groups, interacting with representative decision-makers in an official structure of differentiated governmental authority. The former assumption interprets individual, group and official action as part of a single system and reduces politics and governmental policies to a derivative of three basic analytical terms: society, culture and personality. Public opinion enables the organization to expand internally and externally through public introspection.
Across all nations, the people think they should have the right to demonstrate peacefully against the government. They also strongly support the freedom to express varying points of view. It is important that people have the right to express any opinion, including criticisms of government or religious leaders.
For the majority in most nations, it is very important to live in a country that is governed democratically. There is a wide variation in perceptions of how fairly ethnic, religious and national minorities are represented in national legislatures, although overall data lean towards minorities not being fairly represented.