Fadil Mirani, the secretary of the KDP Political Committee, in an interview with Al-Jazeera Net
Aljazeera-net conducted an exclusive interview with the secretary of the Kurdistan Democratic Party’s Political Committee, Fadil Mirany, regarding the recent security situation in Iraq’s Anbar province and the thousands of citizens from Faluja and Ramadi who have sought shelter in the Region from the battles and government shelling. The interview also discussed the delay in forming a new cabinet. You can read the full interview below.
A leader in the Kurdistan Region said the KRG can play an influential role in ending the bloodshed in Anbar province by providing an initiative to control the crises, indicating that Kurdistan Region President Masoud Barzani is far too immersed in these developments, which military action cannot resolve.
The secretary of the KDP politburo did not give a specific image of this initiative, but he did stress the principle of dialogue and the ideas of reconciliation and equality, rejecting any ethnically-based marginalization. He also reiterated the acceptance of Kurdish mediation by all parties concerned.
Mirani told Al Jazeera Net that the entry of government forces into the cities was originally a mistake. The army entered the deserts of Anbar to counter terror and secure the border, but instead headed to Ramadi and broke into a peaceful situation. The government should have dealt with the protest in a political and legal manner, and it should have negotiated with the protestors, not countered them by force.
Mirani said “The origin of the ongoing tensions in Iraq is a political crisis, not security, the political and intellectual myopic view of some leaders, and their submission to racial and ethnical visions, and relying on the policies of splitting up, buying loyalties and politicizing the army”
The crises is political
Mirani reiterated that the origin of the ongoing tensions in Iraq is a political not a security, crisis. The short-sighted political and intellectual views of some leaders and their submission to racial and ethnic visions, the reliance on the policies of splitting up, buying loyalties and politicizing the army, of pushing it into sectarian conflict, and the mismanagement and failure of successive governments since 2003 to establish a citizenship state, all of these have contributed to the current aggravated situation in Iraq.
Fadil Mirani said that the Kurdistan Region Government is aware of its national responsibility to help rescue Iraq from its current crisis. Civil and social peace is in imminent danger, and the sov- ereignty of the country has been infiltrated. The fire burning in Iraq today could spread to the Kurdistan Region, too, and infect what infected Iraq. He stresses that wisdom and political dialogue are the first steps to addressing the crisis and its causes.
He added that the conflict between Iraqi governments the Kurdish armed parties over several decades did not cause societal conflict in Iraq, whilst the post-2003 political parties and governments exploited the divergences to foster the unraveling of the social fabric. As such, the deterioration in security was due to complications caused by these divergences.
Regarding the information indicating the flow of thousands of refugees from Falluja and Ramadi into the Kurdistan Region to escape the battles and government shelling, Mirami said that facilitating the procedures for those citizens to enter the Kurdistan Region is a national and moral duty”.
He pointed out that the KRG does not consider this a favor. Rather, it is motivated by its feelings of gratitude to the people of Anbar who received massive numbers of Kurds when they were deported to the province after the Algeria Treaty of 1975. The people of Anbar treated the Kurds generously, in a brotherly and magnanimous manner, and we have not forgotten that”.
After the September bombings, the Kurdistan Region imposed certain temporarily conditions on Iraqis from other provinces who want to enter the Region, but it excluded residents of Anbar from the conditions after the recent events.
Forming the government
With regard to the delay in the formation of a government, more than three months after the parliamentary elections, Mirani said “The negotiations are ongoing to form the new Cabinet,” indicating certain obstacles caused by the decline of the Kurdistan Patriotic Union (PUK) which now occupies third place after the rise of the Change Movement. This disrupted the traditional political map which were the basis of the strategic agreement between KDP and PUK for power sharing in the Region.
Mirani believes the change is in the Region’s favour and is good for civil security, stability and investment, pointing out that PUK has to be dealt with on the basis of history and not just on the basis of the election results. However, he confirms that it was the PUK which decided to abandon the agreement and run in a separate list for the election—a decision that will not affect the announcement of the new government in the near future.
secretary of the Kurdistan Democratic Party’s Political Committee, Fadil Mirany