Any home where light were extinguished, Barzani has lighted it up
— Barzani was established on the basis of justice, love of human and environment preservation.
— Barzani has been burnt and destroyed 16 times.
During a visit the grave site of Mustafa Barzani and Idrees Barzani, we once against stand before the greatest leader of the new history of Kurdistan. When one stands before this great leader, feel something of psychological surge of excitement, and thinking of the political and historical past of Kurdish people and their hundreds of years of revolutions and struggle, and feels of a new tomorrow. When someone wants to bend his head down to the greatness of Mustafa Barzani and Idrees Barzani, and sees the humbleness of their grave, the respect and admiration to these leaders grow bigger, the humbleness of the graves arises hundreds of question in your mind. As Khalat Barzani, who is one of the officials receiving and welcoming the guests and usual people who visit the grave site, says “Barzan is the cradle of every Kurdish struggler, revolutionary and humane, Barzan is home of all components, nations, religions and whoever seeks the freedom for Kurds.” Because this official is originally a ‘Barzani’ and comes from Sheikhs of Barzan and his father, Sheikh Abullah who passed away two years ago was in charge of welcoming guests and tourists to the shrine. He says “Barzan is belief, dogma and thought, that’s why people around the four parts of Kurdistan, the region and the world come around and want to get the inspiration from tolerance and coexistence.”
In the last hundred years, Barzan was a small village, but tens of wide-scale military attacks by artillery, warplanes and tanks have been launched on the village. From Sheikh Ahmad Barzani and on, Barzani family has started their struggle for liberty and freedom of Kurdistan. Barzan is an identity and a crucial and strong position not only for Barzanies, but for people of Kurdistan including Ezidies, Christians, Kakayis, Kurds, Turkmans, Kildans, Assyrians and Arabs. Barzani has become the place, defense front and inspiration for liberty and freedom of people of Kurdistan. It was from here Mustafa Barzani started struggling and leading an oppressed nation, who later became a great and famous icon in the twentieth century. He was not only admired in Kurdistan, but was known as an identity of Kurds all of over the world. For that reason he went to Eastern Kurdistan during the forties of the past century, and contributed in Republic of Kurdistan (Mahabad), and later crossed Aras along with 501 Peshmarges and went to former Soviet Union. There, he worked as moralistic and brave General and a far-sighted leader. He returns to Kurdistan in 1958. This village, as Khalat Barzani says, consisted of only 335 houses and had 235 martyrs before 1991. In 1983, only for being Barzani and Kurds, 8000 Barzanis were committed genocide (Anfal) against, as the case with hundreds of thousands of other Kurds and the chemical bombardment of the city of Halabja by Baath Regime. This village has been destroyed 16 times and evacuated by Iraqi governments.
Barzan is for all religions and nations
Barzani is great; no one had such an impact on thought and character of Kurdish individual after his death as Barzani. He was fair, equal and powerful. The first martyr of September Revolution, led by Barzani, was an Assyrian peshmerge called (Hormiz Melek Cheko), in addition to a brave martyr and peshmerge such as (Mahmud Ezdi). Khalat Barzani talks deeply of the importance of thoughts role of Barzan as an area, and Barzani’s doctrine as thought and it had impacts on life and peoples’ way of thinking. (The successor of this doctrine is Masoud Barzani. Here environment are taken care of, it’s forbidden to cut trees, wild animals, even snakes are forbidden to be killed or hunted. That’s why here is always lively, only in Barzani area women’s right are preserved, no one abuse their rights, that’s why love has always progressed here, there is tolerance and coexistence among all religions and genders. This is the justice on which Barzani doctrine has been established.)
Regarding returning the corpse of Mustafa Barzani and Idrees Barzani for their homeland, celebrating the annual ceremonies at the beginning of March, and turning the location into a center full of activities, and laying bouquets of flowers on both graves, these are all connected with Barzani’s thought and his position in history of Kurdistan and his admiration by great world and region’s countries. Mustafa Barzani and Barzani’s have struggled for Kurds in Diyarbakr, Qamishlo and Mahabad as well. Now, there are all parts of Kurdistan exists here, because Barzani brought up nationalism and unified Kurds.
At the same location, a museum is to be built dedicating the life and struggle of this great leader, in addition to conference hall, resting and meeting spots.
Apologizing and keeping a stone in heart
Regarding the visit of foreign and local consuls and officials, he mentioned the situation of two foreign officials, Khalat Barzani says when the Russian Foreign Minister, Birmakov came here, he said on the shrine (let offer my apology to Kurdish people regarding our unfairness towards Barzani), he also mentioned the US consul’s situation when he visited the shrine and said (let hold a stone from the grave and take it to my heart.. this is as an admiration to this great Kurdish man.)
Barzani lived humble, his shrine is also humble
Regarding the humbleness of the shrine, where thousand visit every year Kahat Barzani said “Barzani live humble, and remaining the shrine simple is it can now be seen which consists of a stone wall with some bunches of narcissus on the graves, it’s all related to Barzani’s thought. People are born simple and dies great, here is simple, Barzani had no fortune until he passed away… that’s why according to our thought and belief, the graves have to be simple too. The greatness of people is in good deeds, evil deeds can be done by many, but good deeds not” Re- garding keeping the position and place of Barzani, and maintaining his path he said “different and various people come here, even his opponents do, here doesn’t belong to any party, it belongs to all Kurds.” It means that Barzani could establish his position and place even with his opponents, Barzani and maintaining his path, and the impact of its existence in mind of people is related to that Barzani belongs the nation and Kurdistan, not any party.
Barzani was a leader everywhere
Every year, thousands of people from different level and classes come to the shrine voluntarily as an admiration for this great leader, and love for Idrees Barzani, some of them make their way from hundreds of kilometers on foot, and some others come from Europe and America to offer their respect and sincerity and love to this great leader. In 2013 more than 118 people visited the shrine. Khalat Barzani says “this means that Mustafa Barzani was a leader of every place and time, Barzani grew up in caves and prisons, he felt the sufferings of people, any home where light were extinguished, Barzani has lighted it up, any home destroyed by Baath, Barzani has rebuilt it. That’s why he was a leader everywhere; this path has been established on the basis of resistance, and on serving Kurdistan. this path is mixed with the sacrifice of every Kurdistani, from Zakho to Kanaqeen, the sacrifice of Hewler, Slemany, Duhok and Kirkuk, and of Mahabad, Diyarbakr and Qamishlo.”
Barzani was brightness for all over the East
Every year, all components of Kurdistan, Kurds, Assyrians, Kildans, Muslims, Ezidies and Christians visit the grave site. This habit is done as an admiration and love for Barzani. The ones who go to this place, they will a bright shine in mind and heart when they return, and this shine, gives the constant determination and resistance to the path which has started about a century ago here. Khalat Barzani concluded in this manner “the dictators will be gone, as Saddam Hussein went, whatever crime, genocide and mass killing there were, the Baath regime carried out against Kurds, but Kurds remained and are growing, but they gone. That’s why I say that Barzani was not only a candle and shine for Kurds and Kurdistan, but for all over the Middle East. He has always extended the hand of cooperation, brotherhood, coexistence and love.”
Neither the story of struggle, life and resistance of Barzani ends, nor his position can be minimized in coexistence a justice as a path and thought. We too, before our return, went back to the shrine and felt a brighter shine. The luckiest leaders are those before whom people show respect and admiration, and on the shadow of their greatness they see brighter future… It’s not only love and environment preservation that are especially about Barzani, but when someone goes though its nature, he sees happiness and optimism.