The Lo­ca­tion of the Bat­tle of Gaugamela Dis­cov­ered

The Bat­tle is be­lieved to have oc­curred in Bar­darash Area

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Sh­van Go­ran

Amid a lot of con­tro­versy about the Bat­tle of Gaugamela’s lo­ca­tion, it has been re­cently dis­cov­ered that the bat­tle took place in a lo­ca­tion near Bar­darash District in Duhok Prov­ince.

The bat­tle, which oc­curred be­tween Alexan­der the Great and the em­peror Dar­ius in 331 B.C, is re­garded as one of the 10 great­est bat­tles in his­tory.

Dur­ing a work­shop con­ducted by Sala­hadin Univer­sity host­ing an arche­ol­o­gist and a his­to­rian from the Greek Cyprus Univer­sity, in­struc­tors and stu­dents of arche­ol­ogy depart­ment dis­cussed for sev­eral hours the cir­cum­stances sur­round­ing the bat­tle. This re­sulted in pin­point­ing ex­actly where Gaugamela took place.

Muhamad Ab­dul­lah Kaka­soor, Dean of the Col­lege of Arts at Univer­sity of Sala­hadin stated that the bat­tle was pre­vi­ously thought to have oc­curred near the city of Er­bil. A team from the Greek Cyprus Univer­sity vis­ited Er­bil re­cently to dis­cover the real lo­ca­tion of the bat­tle. Af­ter a more thor­ough lo­cal in­ves­ti­ga­tion, they came to the con­clu­sion that the bat­tle­field was sit­u­ated in the tri­an­gle of Maqloob Moun­tain – Tel Gomer Vil­lage and Bar­darash.

Mr. Kaka­soor said, af­ter the del­e­ga­tion’s visit to the site, in­ten­sive ex­ca­va­tions will be car­ried out. “The im­por­tance of this topic is that Gaugamela or some­times called Er­bela is an in­ter­na­tional his­tor­i­cal oc­cur­rence, who­ever reads the his­tory of Alexan­der will come across the name Er­bela which un­doubt­edly refers to the cur­rent city of Er­bil (or Hawler).

He said that the Greek arche­ol­o­gists re­vealed that the real lo­ca­tion of the bat­tle is in Bar­darash District rather than the place men­tioned in Greek and Ira­nian his­tor­i­cal sources. “The Greek del­e­ga­tion has reached a con­clu­sion, depend­ing on their study and an­cient and con­tem­po­rary Greek sources that the bat­tle oc­curred in Bar­darash District which is a wide area suit­able to be used as a bat­tle­field. So now the ac­tual lo­ca­tion of the bat­tle is set­tled” he ar- gued.

The bat­tle is be­lieved to be the first af­ter which the West could dom­i­nate the East pow­ers. Ac­cord­ing to the his­tor­i­cal sources, Dar­ius’s army con­sisted of 100-200 thou­sand soldiers, but the tech­nique Alexan­der used in the bat­tle en­abled him to win with fewer num­bers of soldiers.

The Head of Arche­ol­ogy at Sala­hadin Univer­sity stated dur­ing the work­shop that he vis­ited the site in Bar­darash him­self. And ac­cord­ing to the scripts and documents that Greek Cyprus Univer­sity pro­fes­sors re­vealed, the site of the bat­tle is lo­cated 90 km far away from the city of Er­bil. In ad­di­tion, they say that Per­sian sources men­tion the moun­tain that’s now known as Maqloob which both ar­mies passed by ahead of their ar­rival to Gomel River, Up­per Zap and Xazir River, and both ar­mies reached Tel Gomel (a vil­lage in Bar­darash District) where there’s a wide plain of 10 km long and 5-7 km wide. He added that the area is very wide, so ex­ca­vat­ing and search­ing for mil­i­tary equip­ment of both ar­mies can be chal­leng­ing. How­ever, mod­ern de­tect­ing equip­ments can fa­cil­i­tate search­ing and find­ing some pieces of weapons such as spears, bows and ar­rows or what­ever made of iron and used in the fight. He also stated that ex­ca­va­tions haven’t start- ed yet.

Ac­cord­ing to arche­ol­o­gists who took part in the work­shop, the out­come of this work­shop will be pre­sented to Sala­hadin Univer­sity and KRG Coun­cil of Min­is­ters so that the lo­ca­tion could be sur­veyed and ex­ca­vated thor­oughly and ex­ten­sively, and fi­nally turned into a very in­ter­est­ing arche­o­log­i­cal site in Kur­dis­tan Re­gion.

The tri­an­gle of Maqloob Moun­tain, Bar­darash and Tel Gomer where the Bat­tle of Gaugamela is be­lieved to have hap­pened 331 B.C

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Iraq

© PressReader. All rights reserved.