Political Map of the Iraqi Election
Coalition and Entities and Emerging democracy in Iraq
An emerging democracy in Iraq and tha Middle East region , leading energy producer, and a nation representing a diversity of social customs, religions, and ethnicities.
In the new democratic, Federal Iraq the building up of its political will, and the articulation of the interests of the population can be realized by putting in place the right and qualified personnel to the government posts. In Iraq, and as indispensable in the political scenery of a plural society as the interest groups and associations described earlier , it requires a closer contact between people and their representatives.
In Iraq the political parties within pluralist societies must face important tasks, it is important that they are organized in a transparent and democratic way. In a parliamentary system, the government stems from the elected people. Ministers within the Government can also be vested with important mandate.
In a democratic state, the power of the State can be controlled efficiently, first and foremost by itself. The state power must then be distributed among several organs. But in the Third World and the Middle East Countries, the presidents who succeed each other in power lay down their own rules and Constitution and put into practice their presidential regime according to their personal interest.
It is the Constitution of a country that settles how the state power is to be distributed among different organs and what attributions are to be assigned to them respectively. There are two government systems that need to be distinguished, the parliamentary regime and the presidential regime.
In the Iraqi parliamentary elections more than 100 lists will take part in. Of these, over 30 will be coalitions. A maximum of 71 entities will run on their own.
The main groups are defined as coalitions , State of Law, Muwatin , Ahrar Al-Sadr group, Islah of Jaafari and Fadila (smaller parties).
The main Kurdish coalition lists. There is also a special Kurdish list in Baghdad .regarding the exact structure of the Kurdish electoral effort because unlike the other parties, the Kurds continue to list their individual parties as electoral lists alongside their coalition. The ending some of the speculation regarding various Shiite Islamist parties , and for the secular of the Shiite spectrum, there is a coalition list , a well known Basra federalist.
The Sunni and forces that formed Iraqiyya in the last elections, they are now split to three main coalitions, Mutahiddun (Nujayfi), Wataniya (Allawi) and Arabiyya (Mutlak). Noteworthy, it is the all-Iraqiyya list in Diyala. There is a Sunni secular list in Kirkuk , calling itself the Coalition of Kirkuk Arabs. Nujayfi ‘s list will run only in six governorates in Nineveh, Salahaddin, Baghdad and Anbar; on panSunni lists in Diyala and Kirkuk. As for the parties that run individually, they are mainly the smaller ones. Among them the Sunni islamist Islamic Iraqi Party stands out .
By Saadula Aqrawi