Po­lit­i­cal Map of the Iraqi Elec­tion

Coali­tion and En­ti­ties and Emerg­ing democ­racy in Iraq

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS -

An emerg­ing democ­racy in Iraq and tha Mid­dle East re­gion , leading en­ergy pro­ducer, and a na­tion rep­re­sent­ing a di­ver­sity of so­cial cus­toms, reli­gions, and eth­nic­i­ties.

In the new demo­cratic, Federal Iraq the build­ing up of its po­lit­i­cal will, and the ar­tic­u­la­tion of the in­ter­ests of the pop­u­la­tion can be re­al­ized by putting in place the right and qual­i­fied per­son­nel to the govern­ment posts. In Iraq, and as in­dis­pens­able in the po­lit­i­cal scenery of a plu­ral so­ci­ety as the in­ter­est groups and as­so­ci­a­tions de­scribed ear­lier , it re­quires a closer con­tact be­tween people and their rep­re­sen­ta­tives.

In Iraq the po­lit­i­cal par­ties within plu­ral­ist so­ci­eties must face im­por­tant tasks, it is im­por­tant that they are or­ga­nized in a trans­par­ent and demo­cratic way. In a par­lia­men­tary sys­tem, the govern­ment stems from the elected people. Min­is­ters within the Govern­ment can also be vested with im­por­tant man­date.

In a demo­cratic state, the power of the State can be con­trolled ef­fi­ciently, first and fore­most by it­self. The state power must then be dis­trib­uted among sev­eral or­gans. But in the Third World and the Mid­dle East Coun­tries, the pres­i­dents who suc­ceed each other in power lay down their own rules and Con­sti­tu­tion and put into prac­tice their pres­i­den­tial regime ac­cord­ing to their per­sonal in­ter­est.

It is the Con­sti­tu­tion of a coun­try that set­tles how the state power is to be dis­trib­uted among dif­fer­ent or­gans and what at­tri­bu­tions are to be as­signed to them re­spec­tively. There are two govern­ment sys­tems that need to be distin­guished, the par­lia­men­tary regime and the pres­i­den­tial regime.

In the Iraqi par­lia­men­tary elec­tions more than 100 lists will take part in. Of these, over 30 will be coali­tions. A max­i­mum of 71 en­ti­ties will run on their own.

The main groups are de­fined as coali­tions , State of Law, Muwatin , Ahrar Al-Sadr group, Is­lah of Jaa­fari and Fadila (smaller par­ties).

The main Kur­dish coali­tion lists. There is also a spe­cial Kur­dish list in Bagh­dad .re­gard­ing the ex­act struc­ture of the Kur­dish elec­toral ef­fort be­cause un­like the other par­ties, the Kurds con­tinue to list their in­di­vid­ual par­ties as elec­toral lists along­side their coali­tion. The end­ing some of the spec­u­la­tion re­gard­ing var­i­ous Shi­ite Is­lamist par­ties , and for the sec­u­lar of the Shi­ite spec­trum, there is a coali­tion list , a well known Basra fed­er­al­ist.

The Sunni and forces that formed Iraqiyya in the last elec­tions, they are now split to three main coali­tions, Mu­tahid­dun (Nu­jayfi), Wataniya (Allawi) and Ara­biyya (Mut­lak). Note­wor­thy, it is the all-Iraqiyya list in Diyala. There is a Sunni sec­u­lar list in Kirkuk , call­ing it­self the Coali­tion of Kirkuk Arabs. Nu­jayfi ‘s list will run only in six gov­er­norates in Nin­eveh, Sala­haddin, Bagh­dad and An­bar; on panSunni lists in Diyala and Kirkuk. As for the par­ties that run in­di­vid­u­ally, they are mainly the smaller ones. Among them the Sunni is­lamist Is­lamic Iraqi Party stands out .

By Saadula Aqrawi

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