Iraqis want Barzani to become the next President
Electoral System and Religious and Ethnic Competition
Now, in Iraq, the situation of the April's election is very exciting because the political competition within the three main religious and ethnic communities, Shi'ite Arabs, Sunni Arabs and the Kurds is quite fierce. Shi'ite Arabs will be split between the Prime Minister's State of Law Coalition, the Sadrist Movement and the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq. The former secular Sunni Iraqiya coalition will be split between the parliamentary speaker's Mutahidoun party, Allawi's Iraqi National Accord and al-Mutlak's Iraqi National Dialogue Front.
The largest parties on the approved lists include the State of Law Coalition, the Sadrist Movement, the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Iraqi National Accord. Significant new parties include the former militant group and the Iraqiya Bloc, which split from the Iraqi National Accord.
Parliamentary elections are to be held in Iraq on 30 April. People will decide who will fill the 328 seats in the Council of Representatives which, in turn, will elect the Iraq's next President and the Prime Minister. The open list form of party-list proportional representation, using the governorates as the constituencies, is the electoral system used. Seven compensatory seats that were awarded at the national level to those parties whose national share of the vote wasn't reflected in the seats won at the Governorate level have been allocated to individual governorates.
Iraq was controlled by the dictator Saddam Hussein who started two devastating wars, the Iran-Iraq war and the Persian Gulf War. In the modern history, the rule of the Ottoman Empire ended with World War I, and Iraq came to be administered by the British Mandate of Mesopotamia British Empire until the establishment of the Kingdom of Iraq in 1921. The Republic of Iraq was established in1958. The politics of the current Iraq is a Parliamentary system. Iraq is now a representative democratic republic. It is a multi- party system whereby the executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister of Iraq and the legislative by the Parliament. The President of Iraq enjoys an important symbolic position with certain presidential powers.
Before 2003, the Ba'ath Party ruled Iraq ruthlessly. But the country was liberated by the coalition forces which belonged primarily to the United States and the UK. The military forces operated under the umbrella of the multinational force in Iraq which was sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council Resolutions no.1546 and no.1637|1637.
The Law of Administration by which Iraq was governed was replaced by the Transitional Period Administrative Law. This in turn was replaced by the permanent Constitution of Iraq following an approval in an Iraqi constitution ratification vote in a referendum held on October 15, 2005. A permanent 275-member Council of Representatives was elected in the Iraqi legislative election in December 2005. The new council initiated the formation of the Government of Iraq for the years 2006-2010.The last elections was the Iraqi parliamentary election which was held in January 2010. Now, it is time again to elect new parliamentary representatives for the coming four years.