A Govern­ment for all and Tough Du­ties of the Fu­ture

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

The Kur­dis­tan par­lia­men­tary elec­tion was held seven months ago, but the eighth cab­i­net hasn’t been an­nounced yet. The fi­nal de­ci­sion should’ve been made this week, but the process of form­ing the govern­ment and ne­go­ti­a­tions with the po­lit­i­cal par­ties over shar­ing posts and po­si­tions are go­ing on. Nechir­van Barzani, who has been as­signed by the elec­tion’s win­ner KDP, is still in ne­go­ti­a­tions with the other po­lit­i­cal par­ties. Barzani stated that some months’ de­lay of form­ing the govern­ment is bet­ter than a govern­ment with­out the par­tic­i­pa­tion of some par­ties. It means he wants all par­ties to par­tic­i­pate in his cab­i­net. Of­fi­cial agree­ment has been reached with the Gor­ran Move­ment, the Is­lamic Group, the Turk­man, the Kil­dan, the Assyr­ian and the Er­mens, and the con­tent of the agree­ment has been an­nounced in me­dia. Posts and po­si­tions have been des­ig­nated for each of these par­ties. The only one left out is the PUK which is the third win­ner of the elec­tion. The party hasn’t yet de­cided on how to take part in the new cab­i­net. Though some of the PUK of­fi­cials have re­marked that they’ll be an op­po­si­tion party in the com­ing stage, but gen­er­ally PUK doesn’t seem to be able to solve its deep­ened in­ter­nal is­sues with­out tak­ing part in the govern­ment. The process is on­go­ing. The pres­sures and threats are ei­ther to gain votes in this month’s two elec­tions-the par­lia­men­tary and the provin­cial elec­tions, or to pre­vent the dou­ble- im­pact of the shift­ing of the po­lit­i­cal bal­ance in the South­ern Kur­dis­tan.

KDP has stated dur­ing the elec­tion cam­paign that they in­sist on the par­tic­i­pa­tion of all the po­lit­i­cal par­ties in the cab­i­net, be­cause the com­ing pe­riod needs a ro­bust na­tional unity to achieve much more than what has been re­al­ized un­til now in the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. All the ex­pec­ta­tions in­di­cate that af­ter the par­lia­men­tary elec­tion of 30 April in Iraq the sit­u­a­tion in Bag­dad will de­te­ri­o­rate to­wards in­sta­bil­ity and un­cer­tainty. That’s why the Kurds should con­sider in­de­pen­dence or con­fed­er­a­tion. Some of the Ara­bic par­ties, in­clud­ing Mut­lag and Nuri Al-Ma­liki, have claimed the amend­ment of the Iraqi con­sti­tu­tion as their main agen­das in the elec­tion cam­paign. They do not hide that they pre­fer (an Ara­bic Iraq with both Sun­nis and Shi­ites), ex­clud­ing the Kurds. That means tak­ing a hun­dred steps back­ward, which could lead to re­shap­ing Iraq on the racial and eth­nic ba­sis. It means the re­turn to the hell of the Baath Regime and fan­ning the en­mity and con­flict among the eth­nic com­po­nents of Iraq. That’s why the po­lit­i­cal lead­er­ship in Kur­dis­tan is con­sid­er­ing the risks deeply and the man­ner of mak­ing the right de­ci­sion of their own de­ter­mi­na­tion.

In­side Kur­dis­tan, the Pa­tri­otic Union of Kur­dis­tan (PUK) wants to post­pone the for­ma­tion of the cab­i­net un­til post -Kud­is­tan’s provin­cial and Iraq’s par­lia­men­tary elec­tions in or­der to re­gain its power and po­si­tion, which is tough and il­logi- cal. Gor­ran has split from the PUK and has more seats than the mother party. The Gor­ran Move­ment may seem to like the de­lay in the process so as to weaken its op­po­nents (KDP and PUK) and fur­ther down­size the power of the PUK too.

Both the Kur­dis­tan Toiler's Party and the Is­lamic Move­ment have stated they’ll re­main in op­po­si­tion in the po­lit­i­cal process for the com­ing pe­riod. But both par­ties don’t seem to be an ac­tive op­po­si­tion even if joined by (Com­mu­nists, So­cial­ist and even the Is­lamic Union). They could be in­sti­ga­tors to tighten the demo­cratic prin­ci­ples and con­tinue crit­i­ciz­ing the Kur­dish so­ci­ety.

The po­lit­i­cal roadmap in Kur­dis­tan Re­gion is head­ing to­wards clar­ity. The KDP's self-con­fi­dence is grow­ing; it doesn’t step back­ward like its op­po­nents. Gor­ran ac­cepts to pre­serve what they have achieved un­til now; they’ve turned on their pow­ers to a com­plete han­dover of Suleimani Prov­ince, which will def­i­nitely re­sult in pub­lic and po­lit­i­cal de­cline of the PUK. The PUK is still one of the main com­peti­tors on the po­lit­i­cal arena in Kur­dis­tan. It is work­ing hard in Kirkuk prov­ince and, as they claim, wants to turn Suleimani into green again but this time start­ing from Kirkuk. It means that they’ve been de­feated in their strate­gic and green zone that is Suleimani. The Is­lamic Union and the Is­lamic Group seem to re­main in the po­si­tion, which is con­sid­ered a suc­cess for them, be­cause we should bear in mind that af­ter Brother­hood’s de­feat in Egypt, their ide­ol­ogy which is adopted by the Is­lamic Union has dis­ap­pointed all Is­lamic move­ments in gen­eral.

No mat­ter how the po­lit­i­cal at­mos­phere in Kur­dis­tan is, it needs the par­tic­i­pa­tion and pres­ence of all the po­lit­i­cal par­ties. That’s why the first win­ner of the Kur­dis­tan par­lia­men­tary elec­tion, the KDP, is in­sist­ing on the par­tic­i­pa­tion of all the win­ner par­ties in the new cab­i­net. They in­sist on per­suad­ing all the par­ties and grant­ing posts and po­si­tions to all of them. The risk of some party’s isolation and es­ca­lat­ing com­pe­ti­tion in the com­ing pe­riod is deeply sensed by the KDP, adding to the needs and risks of the com­ing era in Iraq and the area which are also felt by the KDP. If unity fails to ex­ist in Kur­dis­tan, it’s not im­pos­si­ble that the lights of hope will ex­tin­guish in Kur­dis­tan. The Pres­i­dent Ma­soud Barzani is se­ri­ously dis­cussing the in­de­pen­dence of Kur­dis­tan in the global and Ara­bic me­dia and in his of­fi­cial meet­ings with for­eign diplo­mats. This is re­lated to the con­cerns which ev­ery­body senses at a time when the po­lit­i­cal de­vel­op­ments pull in op­po­site di­rec­tions detri­men­tal to the on­go­ing de­vel­op­ments in the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. So, the fu­ture du­ties don’t seem to be sim­ple and easy. Ev­ery­body's par­tic­i­pa­tion is highly ap­pre­ci­ated. The long de­lay in form­ing the new cab­i­net is pre­ferred to the isolation of cer­tain po­lit­i­cal par­ties in tak­ing part in the new govern­ment.

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