A Government for all and Tough Duties of the Future
The Kurdistan parliamentary election was held seven months ago, but the eighth cabinet hasn’t been announced yet. The final decision should’ve been made this week, but the process of forming the government and negotiations with the political parties over sharing posts and positions are going on. Nechirvan Barzani, who has been assigned by the election’s winner KDP, is still in negotiations with the other political parties. Barzani stated that some months’ delay of forming the government is better than a government without the participation of some parties. It means he wants all parties to participate in his cabinet. Official agreement has been reached with the Gorran Movement, the Islamic Group, the Turkman, the Kildan, the Assyrian and the Ermens, and the content of the agreement has been announced in media. Posts and positions have been designated for each of these parties. The only one left out is the PUK which is the third winner of the election. The party hasn’t yet decided on how to take part in the new cabinet. Though some of the PUK officials have remarked that they’ll be an opposition party in the coming stage, but generally PUK doesn’t seem to be able to solve its deepened internal issues without taking part in the government. The process is ongoing. The pressures and threats are either to gain votes in this month’s two elections-the parliamentary and the provincial elections, or to prevent the double- impact of the shifting of the political balance in the Southern Kurdistan.
KDP has stated during the election campaign that they insist on the participation of all the political parties in the cabinet, because the coming period needs a robust national unity to achieve much more than what has been realized until now in the Kurdistan Region. All the expectations indicate that after the parliamentary election of 30 April in Iraq the situation in Bagdad will deteriorate towards instability and uncertainty. That’s why the Kurds should consider independence or confederation. Some of the Arabic parties, including Mutlag and Nuri Al-Maliki, have claimed the amendment of the Iraqi constitution as their main agendas in the election campaign. They do not hide that they prefer (an Arabic Iraq with both Sunnis and Shiites), excluding the Kurds. That means taking a hundred steps backward, which could lead to reshaping Iraq on the racial and ethnic basis. It means the return to the hell of the Baath Regime and fanning the enmity and conflict among the ethnic components of Iraq. That’s why the political leadership in Kurdistan is considering the risks deeply and the manner of making the right decision of their own determination.
Inside Kurdistan, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) wants to postpone the formation of the cabinet until post -Kudistan’s provincial and Iraq’s parliamentary elections in order to regain its power and position, which is tough and illogi- cal. Gorran has split from the PUK and has more seats than the mother party. The Gorran Movement may seem to like the delay in the process so as to weaken its opponents (KDP and PUK) and further downsize the power of the PUK too.
Both the Kurdistan Toiler's Party and the Islamic Movement have stated they’ll remain in opposition in the political process for the coming period. But both parties don’t seem to be an active opposition even if joined by (Communists, Socialist and even the Islamic Union). They could be instigators to tighten the democratic principles and continue criticizing the Kurdish society.
The political roadmap in Kurdistan Region is heading towards clarity. The KDP's self-confidence is growing; it doesn’t step backward like its opponents. Gorran accepts to preserve what they have achieved until now; they’ve turned on their powers to a complete handover of Suleimani Province, which will definitely result in public and political decline of the PUK. The PUK is still one of the main competitors on the political arena in Kurdistan. It is working hard in Kirkuk province and, as they claim, wants to turn Suleimani into green again but this time starting from Kirkuk. It means that they’ve been defeated in their strategic and green zone that is Suleimani. The Islamic Union and the Islamic Group seem to remain in the position, which is considered a success for them, because we should bear in mind that after Brotherhood’s defeat in Egypt, their ideology which is adopted by the Islamic Union has disappointed all Islamic movements in general.
No matter how the political atmosphere in Kurdistan is, it needs the participation and presence of all the political parties. That’s why the first winner of the Kurdistan parliamentary election, the KDP, is insisting on the participation of all the winner parties in the new cabinet. They insist on persuading all the parties and granting posts and positions to all of them. The risk of some party’s isolation and escalating competition in the coming period is deeply sensed by the KDP, adding to the needs and risks of the coming era in Iraq and the area which are also felt by the KDP. If unity fails to exist in Kurdistan, it’s not impossible that the lights of hope will extinguish in Kurdistan. The President Masoud Barzani is seriously discussing the independence of Kurdistan in the global and Arabic media and in his official meetings with foreign diplomats. This is related to the concerns which everybody senses at a time when the political developments pull in opposite directions detrimental to the ongoing developments in the Kurdistan Region. So, the future duties don’t seem to be simple and easy. Everybody's participation is highly appreciated. The long delay in forming the new cabinet is preferred to the isolation of certain political parties in taking part in the new government.