The Fundamental Resolution
In many countries across the world, various components live together peacefully. In many cities too, different ethnic groups coexist. So it’s not unusual that in a city in the Kurdish Region a group of nations can live together provided that no one’s rights are violated and the coexistence is organized by law. We’re talking about Kirkuk in particular which both historically and geographically and according to the documents prior to the establishment of the State of Iraqi is a Kurdish city and part of Kurdistan. However, there have lived other minorities such as Turkmen, the Original Arabs and Christians side by side the Kurds.
When the new Iraq was established in 1920s, Kurdistan was annexed unwillingly to this new state. Efforts have always been made to change the demography of the city and to empower a certain minority to dominate life there. Those efforts continued until the fall of the Baath Regime in 2003. Arabs were being brought to the city ‘they were known as the Imported Arabs’ so that they would dominate the city and give it an Arabic character. However, this policy didn’t succeed, though it shifted the balance somewhat in favor of the Arabs. After all, it failed to hide the truth that Kirkuk is a Kurdish city. Until June, Kirkuk wasn’t in the hand of Kurds. It hasn’t been administrated by them either. Therefore, the Kurds are not to be blamed for the changing of the demography of the city. This policy has been detrimental to the Kurds first then the Turcoman.
Now after the withdrawal of the Iraqi army from Kirkuk and the Kudistani areas outside the administration of the KRG, a new reality has emerged. It’s the first time ever the Kurds have the full control over this city. Let’s from now on see what the Kurds are practically going to do in those areas, and how they behave and treat other components. We have already witnessed how the Peshmerge forces endeavour to maintain the security and stability of Kirkuk, how they try to create an atmosphere of coexistence and peace among all the city dwellers. What’s more, during this short time since Peshmerge controlled the city, very few terrorist attacks are carried out. We believe that the terrorist activities will be rooted out and all the indigenous people of Kirkuk will live peacefully.
We assure all the original components of Kirkuk that their rights and lives will be protected in the city, and a referendum will be held as soon as possible to give them a chance to decide for themselves.
In fact, it is the Iraqi government which has been quite reluctant to normalize the situation in Kirkuk as decided and agreed on by the Constitution.
Now, as President Massoud Barzani said: "The Article 140 has been implemented. What is left is the opinion of people whether they want to join the Kurdistan Region and enjoy freedom and democracy or they want to make another decision which is not in their own favor.