The Fun­da­men­tal Res­o­lu­tion

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Salam Ab­dul­lah

In many coun­tries across the world, var­i­ous com­po­nents live to­gether peace­fully. In many cities too, dif­fer­ent eth­nic groups co­ex­ist. So it’s not un­usual that in a city in the Kur­dish Re­gion a group of na­tions can live to­gether pro­vided that no one’s rights are vi­o­lated and the co­ex­is­tence is or­ga­nized by law. We’re talk­ing about Kirkuk in par­tic­u­lar which both his­tor­i­cally and ge­o­graph­i­cally and ac­cord­ing to the documents prior to the es­tab­lish­ment of the State of Iraqi is a Kur­dish city and part of Kur­dis­tan. How­ever, there have lived other mi­nori­ties such as Turk­men, the Orig­i­nal Arabs and Chris­tians side by side the Kurds.

When the new Iraq was es­tab­lished in 1920s, Kur­dis­tan was an­nexed un­will­ingly to this new state. Ef­forts have al­ways been made to change the de­mog­ra­phy of the city and to em­power a cer­tain mi­nor­ity to dom­i­nate life there. Those ef­forts con­tin­ued un­til the fall of the Baath Regime in 2003. Arabs were be­ing brought to the city ‘they were known as the Im­ported Arabs’ so that they would dom­i­nate the city and give it an Ara­bic char­ac­ter. How­ever, this pol­icy didn’t suc­ceed, though it shifted the bal­ance some­what in fa­vor of the Arabs. Af­ter all, it failed to hide the truth that Kirkuk is a Kur­dish city. Un­til June, Kirkuk wasn’t in the hand of Kurds. It hasn’t been ad­min­is­trated by them ei­ther. There­fore, the Kurds are not to be blamed for the chang­ing of the de­mog­ra­phy of the city. This pol­icy has been detri­men­tal to the Kurds first then the Tur­co­man.

Now af­ter the with­drawal of the Iraqi army from Kirkuk and the Kud­is­tani ar­eas out­side the ad­min­is­tra­tion of the KRG, a new re­al­ity has emerged. It’s the first time ever the Kurds have the full con­trol over this city. Let’s from now on see what the Kurds are prac­ti­cally go­ing to do in those ar­eas, and how they be­have and treat other com­po­nents. We have al­ready wit­nessed how the Pesh­merge forces en­deav­our to main­tain the se­cu­rity and sta­bil­ity of Kirkuk, how they try to cre­ate an at­mos­phere of co­ex­is­tence and peace among all the city dwellers. What’s more, dur­ing this short time since Pesh­merge con­trolled the city, very few ter­ror­ist at­tacks are car­ried out. We be­lieve that the ter­ror­ist ac­tiv­i­ties will be rooted out and all the indige­nous people of Kirkuk will live peace­fully.

We as­sure all the orig­i­nal com­po­nents of Kirkuk that their rights and lives will be pro­tected in the city, and a ref­er­en­dum will be held as soon as pos­si­ble to give them a chance to de­cide for them­selves.

In fact, it is the Iraqi govern­ment which has been quite re­luc­tant to nor­mal­ize the sit­u­a­tion in Kirkuk as de­cided and agreed on by the Con­sti­tu­tion.

Now, as Pres­i­dent Mas­soud Barzani said: "The Ar­ti­cle 140 has been im­ple­mented. What is left is the opin­ion of people whether they want to join the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion and en­joy free­dom and democ­racy or they want to make an­other de­ci­sion which is not in their own fa­vor.

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