Iraq… An Out­dated State

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

Some philoso­phers and so­ci­ol­o­gists con­sider states as tools of op­pres­sion and in­equal­ity. The state could be seen as tools for some rad­i­cal and short-sighted author­i­tar­ian de­sire, and as an end­less mi­rage for na­tions and peo­ples. How­ever, state in the mod­ern era could be a source of hap­pi­ness for people. It’s true that the hap­pi­ness might never be the ab­so­lute equal­ity and jus­tice, but the state can be a means to or­ga­nize people’s lives and sup­ply­ing their prin­ci­ple needs, and a tool for in­ter­nal peace and in­ter­na­tional sta­bil­ity. A state which is de­prived of these qual­i­ties is noth­ing but a catas­tro­phe.

Iraq is a state which doesn’t pos­sess any of these qual­i­ties, nei­ther people’s hap­pi­ness nor guar­an­tee­ing their ba­sic needs. From the time it was es­tab­lished, war and con­flict have been dom­i­nat­ing people's daily lives; while ra­tio­nale, con­sti­tu­tion, hu­man rights, re­spect­ing dif­fer­ent reli­gions and com­po­nents are odd things here and non-ex­is­tent up to the level that Nuri al-Ma­liki con­tex­tu­al­izes all the il­lu­sions and philoso­phies to ac­cuse Kur­dis­tan Re­gion, which is the only anti-ter­ror land and vic­tim of ter­ror, of sup­port­ing ter­ror­ists and the rem­nants of Baath party. This is too far from ra­tio­nale and logic. He was right if he had meant that Kurds will not be a part of the con­flict be­tween Arab Sun­nis and Shi­aas, and will not be part of the on­go­ing sec­tar­ian con­flict in an out­dated state of Iraq.

The prin­ci­ple on which Iraq was es­tab­lished af­ter World War I is no longer vi­able. The pol­icy of forcibly at­tach­ing Kur­dis­tan, Arab Sun­nis and Shi­aas al­to­gether af­ter the fall of Sad­dam Hus­sein’s regime has proven un­work­able. Also the demo­cratic ma­jor­ity on which al-Ma­liki in­tends to cling to power has not been re­al­ized.

Ter­ror­ism and fight­ing ter­ror­ists, which al-Ma­liki used as a strong card to main­tain good re­la­tions with the U.S and Europe and to get their sup­port af­ter US army with­drawal in 2011 is about to be out­dated, be­cause the de­vel­op­ments in the Mid­dle East and the Is­lamic Arab world have shifted the Shia-Sunni con­flict to a level that can no longer be con­cealed.

A new re­al­ity has emerged. The dis­in­te­gra­tion of some coun­tries like Iraq and Syria is in the mak­ing. These ar­ti­fi­cial states were patched to­gether by the treaty of (Sykes-Pi­cot). The U.S now doesn’t seem to in­tend tak­ing the mil­i­tary re­spon­si­bil­ity in solv­ing the is­sues. Faster than any other states, Rus­sia is head­ing to the Mid­dle East. Turkey, which has lost its po­si­tion, power and wide ter­ri­tory of the Ot­toman Em­pire be­cause of the SykesPi­cot agree­ment, per­haps wants to re-gain some of its faded dreams via im­ple­ment­ing mod­er­ate politi­cies.

Iran might pos­si­bly play the main role in the cur­rent crises of Iraq. It is prac­ti­cally the main king­maker in­side Iraq and is about to pro­vide mil­i­tary sup­port to Nuri al-Ma­liki. We should bear in mind that years ago, Turkey in­tended to sup­port Tur­comen of Iraq through mil­i­tary in­ter­ven­tions. It would for sure harm the in­ter­ests of the coun­try be­cause it was a wrong pol­icy. But it’s also pos­si­ble that Iran un­der­mines the power and po­si­tion of the Shi­aas through its un­con­di­tional sup­port for them as we can see now that rad­i­cal Sun­nis have made this is­sue the main fac­tor be­hind their dis­ap­proval of al-Ma­liki.

Iraq is con­sid­ered prac­ti­cally as an out­dated state. Sun­nis are against Shi­aas poli­cies in all its forms. Parts of Shi­aas stand against both the Kurds and Sun­nis. Kurds dis­ap­prove Nuri al-Ma­liki’s pol­icy and be­lieve that Iraq has ended as a vi­able en­tity. This end is ap­proach­ing day by day. The im­por­tant ques­tions are : Will the US and Europe re­new the ex­piry date of Iraq once more? Will they dose it up with the ex­pire rem­edy? Or their hu­man­i­tar­ian and moral val­ues will put an end to these con­cerns and con­flicts and they will sign the demise of an out­dated Iraq and its risky game once for all?

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