War of in­de­pen­dence and strength­en­ing strate­gic part­ner­ships

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Saadula Aqrawi

The ma­jor­ity of Kurds as­pire for an in­de­pen­dent Kur­dis­tan, but Kur­dish lead­ers are care­ful to dis­tin­guish this as a long term goal from cur­rent po­lit­i­cal re­al­i­ties. If unit­ing Iraq fails, then the U.S. must plan for the strong pos­si­bil­ity of the Kurds declar­ing in­de­pen­dence. The U.S. can­not deny that a Kur­dish pur­suit of in­de­pen­dence is ur­gent. If a uni­fied Iraq does not ma­te­ri­al­ize, the prece­dence has been es­tab­lished for the Kurds to claim their in­de­pen­dence.

Many chal­lenges face the Iraq due to its ge­og­ra­phy and the le­gacy of the for­mer regimes after decades of wars and in­ter­na­tional iso­la­tion. I be­lieve , that the Kurds should make a move , and build na­tional, re­gional and in­ter­na­tional coali­tion against the Poli­cies of the Iraqi Govern­ment ,a coali­tion to re­di­rect the govern­ment sys­tem of Iraq , and build­ing the coun­try prin­ci­ples of democ­racy , jus­tice , fed­er­al­ism. War of Kurd In­de­pen­dence be- gins and ends in Bagh­dad, not in Washington or Ankara, and the time has come to be­gin the Kurds set and send the real and Pow­er­ful Politi­cians to Bag­dad , to rep­re­sent the Kur­dish Peo­ple , and chal­lenge and not let some groups con­trol the Cen­tral govern­ment , and mis­use the govern­ment au­thor­i­ties for eth­nic and per­sonal in­ter­ests any more .The Kurd de­ter­mi­na­tion to honor the mem­ory and sac­ri­fices of the Kur­dish civil­ians those killed in Hal­abcha ,Barzan , Bah­d­i­nan ,and dur­ing the pe­ri­ods of the strug­gle his­tory of the Kur­dish Peo­ple, by strength­en­ing KRG in­sti­tu­tions, and so­cial Jus­tice , build­ing a strong Fi­nan­cial and govern­ment Sys­tem, that we can face fi­nan­cial chal­lenges com­ing from Bagh­dad, and the other Re­gional and the In­ter­na­tional po­lit­i­cal chal­lenges.

Also strength­en­ing our joint long-term strate­gic part­ner­ships , with US ,Turkey ,and Iran, across the fields, in­clud­ing se­cu­rity, diplomacy, trade, ed­u­ca­tion, en­ergy, cul­ture, sci­ence, and jus­tice.In the 2005 draft Con­sti­tu­tion es­tab­lishes a fed­eral cen­tral govern­ment and re­gional gov­ern­ments as a form of shared rule and sel­f­rule. The Con­sti­tu­tion con­tains ar­ti­cles the new govern­ment will have to come to terms with its Armed Forces and the use of mili­tias. The suc­cess­ful fed­er­al­ism to a coun­try lack­ing in a demo­cratic tra­di­tion, with strong eth­nic and re­li­gious di­vi­sions, is an enor­mous chal­lenge. The unit­ing Iraqi and the fed­er­a­tion must be vol­un­tary and not im­posed by the U.S. or any other out­side power. A fed­eral Iraq must be demo­cratic. Con­struc­tive re­la­tions based on mu­tual trust and recog­ni­tion must be built among all eth­nic groups. The Kur­dish lead­ers have been ac­tive in this process, ad­vo­cat­ing their own in­ter­ests while build­ing open and fair Iraqi in­sti­tu­tions.

An in­de­pen­dent Iraqi Kur­dis­tan has ex­ter­nal and in­ter­nal chal­lenges to over­come. The KRG have to as­sure the neigh­bor coun­tries ,Turkey, Iran, and Syria that they would guar­an­tee the Kur­dish pop­u­la­tions in their own coun­tries will not rebel. The Kurds would have to make con­ces­sions on the sta­tus of Kirkuk. A power shar­ing ar­range­ment by all eth­nic groups for Kirkuk may be ac­cept­able to Turkey and other eth­nic groups. An in­de­pen­dent Iraqi Kur­dis­tan would have to over­come its land­locked sit­u­a­tion and de­velop an eco­nomic base. Per­haps the largest chal­lenge for suc­cess­ful in­de­pen­dence fac­ing the Kurds, are the in­ter­nal di­vi­sions amongst its own peo­ple. For Kur­dis­tan in­de­pen­dence to suc­ceed, the Kurds need to ad­dress Turkey’s con­cerns on the PKK . Al­ready some ground­work has be­gun. Turkey has started to work more closely with the KRG and has pro­moted Turk­ish busi­ness in Iraqi Kur­dis­tan.

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