What kind of Iraq is needed?
The U.S played a major role in recomposing Iraq based on respecting the determination of all parties and components, but the principle and understanding of recomposing a strong and active center of decision making in Baghdad and its assistance to Baghdad’s government empowered Nuri Al-maliki’s pride extensively. This strategy drove Iraq towards division and terror as a consequence of monopoly of power and unilateralism. It led to the eruption of a sectarian war and penalizing Kurdistan Region through cutting the budget and employees’ salaries.
ISIS and the phenomenon of its sudden appearance goes back to two main factors which moved the area to a new conjunction: the first one is that those are obviously the extension of the Al-Qaeda-linked Islamist groups, and the second is the policy- making and the bad and risky mentality of Nuri Al-Maliki in dealing with the crisis. It added salt to the sore. But there’s another factor which could be more important than above mentioned: it is the avoidance of Obama’s administration in confronting the sources of those risks.
The situation has now changed. The ISIS has been defeated in Kurdistan and a crucial diplomatic, political and military aid is reaching the Kurdistan Region. Nuri Al-Maliki was toppled without admitting it himself which could be the consequence of absence of trust between the U.S and Al-Maliki himself. Iraq is giving birth to the new government amid crises. So, the situation in Iraq is now more serious than ever with ISIS still controlling the Sunni areas of Iraq. Currently, new international and regional alliance and cooperation are discussed against the ISIS. Previously, Al-Maliki attempted to back Al-Assad against the will of the West; his intention was directed towards the military solution and dictatorship. The main question is if the new government going to accept the reality after Mosul events and the disasters of Shingal? As a result of these events, negative changes in political reality in Iraq and positive changes in Kurdistan appeared, which leads to a wider authority to the regions and forming a Sunni-Shiite- Kurdish federalism as John Biden, the US Vice President honestly demands.
Kurdistan Region has shifted to a new level of power and decision making. Active and wide international aid and alliance are forged with Kurdistan as it has become a center of security and stability for Christian, Ezidies, Kakayis and other ethnicities who became refugees amid Baghdad’s disability to defend them against ISIS. The Kurdistan Region is not a paralyzed and fearful area as Nuri Al-Maliki’s administration and his men planned for, but it has become an important decision- making center as well. Kurdistan Region President Masoud Barzani, unlike the decision makers in Baghdad, is making efforts to unifying, achieving internal consensus, tolerance and building the bridge of trust between people and the Kurdish authority. At the international level, he could attract the world’s public opinion to Kurdistan Region. If Baghdad didn’t change its wrong policies and serious view regarding the Kurdistan Region and the Sunnis in the future, even with the existing of an inclusive government, it would not gain any success.
If there was any chance of a united Iraq, it would be declaring an effective federalism, respecting the real partnership and right of all components with commitment to the constitution. We need an Iraq that is democratic and federal. It should include all the components equally. A country for all, where everyone enjoys freedom and prosperity. However, still such system is actually rare in today's Middle East.