What kind of Iraq is needed?

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

The U.S played a ma­jor role in re­com­pos­ing Iraq based on re­spect­ing the de­ter­mi­na­tion of all par­ties and com­po­nents, but the prin­ci­ple and un­der­stand­ing of re­com­pos­ing a strong and ac­tive cen­ter of decision mak­ing in Bagh­dad and its as­sis­tance to Bagh­dad’s gov­ern­ment em­pow­ered Nuri Al-ma­liki’s pride ex­ten­sively. This strat­egy drove Iraq to­wards di­vi­sion and ter­ror as a con­se­quence of mo­nop­oly of power and uni­lat­er­al­ism. It led to the erup­tion of a sec­tar­ian war and pe­nal­iz­ing Kur­dis­tan Re­gion through cut­ting the bud­get and em­ploy­ees’ salaries.

ISIS and the phe­nom­e­non of its sud­den ap­pear­ance goes back to two main fac­tors which moved the area to a new con­junc­tion: the first one is that those are ob­vi­ously the ex­ten­sion of the Al-Qaeda-linked Is­lamist groups, and the sec­ond is the pol­icy- mak­ing and the bad and risky men­tal­ity of Nuri Al-Ma­liki in deal­ing with the cri­sis. It added salt to the sore. But there’s another fac­tor which could be more im­por­tant than above men­tioned: it is the avoid­ance of Obama’s ad­min­is­tra­tion in con­fronting the sources of those risks.

The sit­u­a­tion has now changed. The ISIS has been de­feated in Kur­dis­tan and a cru­cial diplo­matic, po­lit­i­cal and mil­i­tary aid is reach­ing the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. Nuri Al-Ma­liki was top­pled with­out ad­mit­ting it him­self which could be the con­se­quence of ab­sence of trust be­tween the U.S and Al-Ma­liki him­self. Iraq is giv­ing birth to the new gov­ern­ment amid crises. So, the sit­u­a­tion in Iraq is now more se­ri­ous than ever with ISIS still con­trol­ling the Sunni ar­eas of Iraq. Cur­rently, new in­ter­na­tional and re­gional al­liance and co­op­er­a­tion are dis­cussed against the ISIS. Pre­vi­ously, Al-Ma­liki at­tempted to back Al-As­sad against the will of the West; his in­ten­tion was di­rected to­wards the mil­i­tary so­lu­tion and dic­ta­tor­ship. The main ques­tion is if the new gov­ern­ment go­ing to ac­cept the re­al­ity after Mo­sul events and the dis­as­ters of Shin­gal? As a re­sult of th­ese events, neg­a­tive changes in po­lit­i­cal re­al­ity in Iraq and pos­i­tive changes in Kur­dis­tan ap­peared, which leads to a wider au­thor­ity to the re­gions and form­ing a Sunni-Shi­ite- Kur­dish fed­er­al­ism as John Bi­den, the US Vice Pres­i­dent hon­estly de­mands.

Kur­dis­tan Re­gion has shifted to a new level of power and decision mak­ing. Ac­tive and wide in­ter­na­tional aid and al­liance are forged with Kur­dis­tan as it has be­come a cen­ter of se­cu­rity and sta­bil­ity for Christian, Ezi­dies, Kakayis and other eth­nic­i­ties who be­came refugees amid Bagh­dad’s dis­abil­ity to de­fend them against ISIS. The Kur­dis­tan Re­gion is not a par­a­lyzed and fear­ful area as Nuri Al-Ma­liki’s ad­min­is­tra­tion and his men planned for, but it has be­come an im­por­tant decision- mak­ing cen­ter as well. Kur­dis­tan Re­gion Pres­i­dent Ma­soud Barzani, un­like the decision mak­ers in Bagh­dad, is mak­ing ef­forts to uni­fy­ing, achiev­ing in­ter­nal con­sen­sus, tol­er­ance and build­ing the bridge of trust be­tween peo­ple and the Kur­dish au­thor­ity. At the in­ter­na­tional level, he could at­tract the world’s pub­lic opin­ion to Kur­dis­tan Re­gion. If Bagh­dad didn’t change its wrong poli­cies and se­ri­ous view re­gard­ing the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion and the Sun­nis in the fu­ture, even with the ex­ist­ing of an in­clu­sive gov­ern­ment, it would not gain any suc­cess.

If there was any chance of a united Iraq, it would be declar­ing an ef­fec­tive fed­er­al­ism, re­spect­ing the real part­ner­ship and right of all com­po­nents with com­mit­ment to the con­sti­tu­tion. We need an Iraq that is demo­cratic and fed­eral. It should in­clude all the com­po­nents equally. A coun­try for all, where ev­ery­one en­joys free­dom and pros­per­ity. How­ever, still such sys­tem is ac­tu­ally rare in to­day's Mid­dle East.

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