Causes of the En­trance of the Ex­trem­ist Groups

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Naz­naz Muhammed

It has been almost three months since the ter­ror­ist group of ISIS con­quered the bor­ders of the western Kur­dis­tan re­gion from Shin­gal all the way to Jalawla. Tens of ques­tions are pro­voked as this group en­ters a coun­try. Firstly, it proves that the en­vi­ron­ment of a Mus­lim coun­try, such as Iraq, is con­ve­nient for the group to take ac­tion in. As it ap­pears, th­ese coun­tries have in­suf­fi­ciency and gaps in eco­nomic, so­cial and po­lit­i­cal views which they can come and fill in th­ese spa­ces. The so­ci­ety has large gaps in be­tween the so­cial classes; on the other hand, the eco­nom­i­cal sys­tem is a mix­ture of agri­cul­tural and oil in­dus­try that have no re­la­tions with each other. It is a so­ci­ety that a quar­ter of its pop­u­la­tion is il­lit­er­ate and oth­ers are un­e­d­u­cated and un­aware. They can be eas­ily taken ad­van­tage of by th­ese ex­trem­ists or any other group that can trick the peo­ple and con­quer their lands. It's a po­lit­i­cal sys­tem that is based on re­li­gious-eth­nic rul­ing and is formed in a hi­er­ar­chy that the Shi­ite group are in rule, once again, en­larges the gaps be­tween the so­cial classes.

The econ­omy is based on the process of ex­port­ing oil. Surely this turns the so­ci­ety into an in­ac­tive one and few are re­spon­si­ble for their na­tion and coun­try. The gov­ern­ment is the only source that pro­vides rev­enue and se­cu­rity to its peo­ple and re­spon­si­ble for all the need of its peo­ple. Peo­ple be­come less de­voted to their na­tion and fel­low cit­i­zens. They re- main pas­sive to­wards the changes, un­aware of their sur­round­ings, and global de­vel­op­ments. Th­ese are all signs of un­der­de­vel­oped and un­e­d­u­cated so­ci­ety. In th­ese types of en­vi­ron­ments even gi­ant firms of oil can play with the gov­ern­ment and na­tion's des­tiny.

War lords creep into the state's ac­tiv­i­ties of pol­i­tics and eco­nomics. They sell their weapons and ammunitions. Iraq is good ex­am­ple in this re­gard.

The Kur­dish na­tion has suf­fered con­tin­u­ously at the hands of dif­fer­ent regimes. Like­wise, the Shi­ite Arabs have faced the same sit­u­a­tion un­til 2003. Gene­re­ally, the Is­lamic world has wit­nessed con­flicts and even wars of blood­shed be­tween Shi­ite and Sunni groups for 1400 years. This causes hu­man power and en­ergy to be re­duced, there­fore re­duces de­vel­op­ment of the area par­tic­u­larly in two dif­fer­ent stages: es­tab­lish­ing Safavid Dy­nasty in Iran in the early 16th cen­tury that made Shi­ite sect be­come the for­mal sect of Iran and es­tab­lish­ing Is­lamic repub­lic of Iran in 1979. Is­lamic Repub­lic of Iran has been re­spon­si­ble for 35 years of ex­port­ing its revo­lu­tion by sup­port­ing Shi­ite mi­nori­ties and ex­trem­ists in the Mid­dle East.

Dur­ing the Cold War, both sides wanted to take ad­van­tage of th­ese con­flicts in or­der to get more and more coun­tries to their side. For ex­am­ple, the USA backed up Al-Qaeda against the for­mer Soviet Union and in re­turn, the USSR and even post com- mu­nist Rus­sia, sup­ported Iran.

Re­lat­ing re­li­gion to gov­er­nance is an is­sue by it­self, es­pe­cially if the su­per­pow­ers use th­ese con­flicts for their ad­van­tage. The re­sult of th­ese con­flicts be­comes worse and more com­plex. The clear­est ev­i­dence of re­lat­ing re­li­gion with gov­er­nance is the mid­dle Ages in Europe. Then, the Christian king­dom by the name of their re­li­gion would face each other and Jews and Mus­lims. For hun­dreds of years, Europe wit­nessed blood­shed due to re­li­gion-gov­er­nance re­la­tion­ship. After go­ing through many stages after the 16th cen­tury, Europe re­al­ized that re­li­gion should be dis­tin­guished from gov­er­nance. At this point, what the Mid­dle East needs is to pre­vent a per­son or a sec­tar­ian group to try to gain the au­thor­ity of a na­tion be­cause as it tries to get to its goal, many other sec­tar­ian groups will stand against them; fur­ther­more, any group that rules al­ways 'tak­fir' the oth­ers. Another prob­lem that they have is that be­cause of the Shari'a they think highly of them­selves, they are above all laws and hu­man rights con­ven­tions. If the state is purged from re­li­gious ex­trem­ism, a peace­ful, demo­cratic and free at­mos­phere will pre­vail. All in­di­vid­u­als will peace­fully ex­er­cise their re­li­gions and their rit­u­als with­out any con­flicts. .

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