Causes of the Entrance of the Extremist Groups
It has been almost three months since the terrorist group of ISIS conquered the borders of the western Kurdistan region from Shingal all the way to Jalawla. Tens of questions are provoked as this group enters a country. Firstly, it proves that the environment of a Muslim country, such as Iraq, is convenient for the group to take action in. As it appears, these countries have insufficiency and gaps in economic, social and political views which they can come and fill in these spaces. The society has large gaps in between the social classes; on the other hand, the economical system is a mixture of agricultural and oil industry that have no relations with each other. It is a society that a quarter of its population is illiterate and others are uneducated and unaware. They can be easily taken advantage of by these extremists or any other group that can trick the people and conquer their lands. It's a political system that is based on religious-ethnic ruling and is formed in a hierarchy that the Shiite group are in rule, once again, enlarges the gaps between the social classes.
The economy is based on the process of exporting oil. Surely this turns the society into an inactive one and few are responsible for their nation and country. The government is the only source that provides revenue and security to its people and responsible for all the need of its people. People become less devoted to their nation and fellow citizens. They re- main passive towards the changes, unaware of their surroundings, and global developments. These are all signs of underdeveloped and uneducated society. In these types of environments even giant firms of oil can play with the government and nation's destiny.
War lords creep into the state's activities of politics and economics. They sell their weapons and ammunitions. Iraq is good example in this regard.
The Kurdish nation has suffered continuously at the hands of different regimes. Likewise, the Shiite Arabs have faced the same situation until 2003. Genereally, the Islamic world has witnessed conflicts and even wars of bloodshed between Shiite and Sunni groups for 1400 years. This causes human power and energy to be reduced, therefore reduces development of the area particularly in two different stages: establishing Safavid Dynasty in Iran in the early 16th century that made Shiite sect become the formal sect of Iran and establishing Islamic republic of Iran in 1979. Islamic Republic of Iran has been responsible for 35 years of exporting its revolution by supporting Shiite minorities and extremists in the Middle East.
During the Cold War, both sides wanted to take advantage of these conflicts in order to get more and more countries to their side. For example, the USA backed up Al-Qaeda against the former Soviet Union and in return, the USSR and even post com- munist Russia, supported Iran.
Relating religion to governance is an issue by itself, especially if the superpowers use these conflicts for their advantage. The result of these conflicts becomes worse and more complex. The clearest evidence of relating religion with governance is the middle Ages in Europe. Then, the Christian kingdom by the name of their religion would face each other and Jews and Muslims. For hundreds of years, Europe witnessed bloodshed due to religion-governance relationship. After going through many stages after the 16th century, Europe realized that religion should be distinguished from governance. At this point, what the Middle East needs is to prevent a person or a sectarian group to try to gain the authority of a nation because as it tries to get to its goal, many other sectarian groups will stand against them; furthermore, any group that rules always 'takfir' the others. Another problem that they have is that because of the Shari'a they think highly of themselves, they are above all laws and human rights conventions. If the state is purged from religious extremism, a peaceful, democratic and free atmosphere will prevail. All individuals will peacefully exercise their religions and their rituals without any conflicts. .