How to Face the Religious Extremist Groups
As we know the international organizations have a great impact and role on the direction the world is heading due to the advanced technology. It's their responsibility to convince the powerful countries that the best solution to overcome religious extremism and terrorism is through the educational systems and enlightening institutes. Many youngsters throughout the world join terrorist groups and that a very serious issue.
It seems that the reasons vary from place to place. Each of them needs its own analysis and research. Poverty is the main reason for a Somalian person to get involved in a group like (Shabab). On the other hand, when an English man resorts to terrorism, the reason may be different. The main issues that the West is dealing with presently are social issues, psychological issues, family issues and addiction of drugs. These types of issues lead to mental illness and psychological instability. European and American teenagers and youths stand up against their own government, religion, and culture. Through joining these extremist groups they try to take revenge.
The UNESCO needs to review the schooling programs to infuse peace and love between all individuals and endeavor to change the environment into one that is full of understanding and love. The UNESCO and WB need to use a percentage of its financial capital to restructure and reform the educational and schooling sys- tems and establish international schools and universities. It needs to change the negative and harmful values by educating a new generation of teachers who really believe in the equality of human beings. The teachers, on their part, should raise and educate students who are ready to take personal responsibility on how to interact with others who are different: students who believe in every one's integrity and uniqueness; students who are prolife. Changing needs plans, mechanism and capital and it is also a long and continuous process. To further educate a teacher requires the shift of the paradigm of the higher educational system.
Public and private sector universities should pay more attention to the humanities and try to create advisory institutes for the long and short term. They should work as an elite on the international and local issues through giving advice and preparing proposals. A campaign needs to be started to establish schools that promote the common understanding of the value of every individual; schools in which students study art, music and humanities as well.
The international organizations' duties are difficult. On one hand, they need to convince the superpowers that arming and air striking aren't the only way to eradicate these extremist groups. There are many ways to prevent these groups to emerge: reforming the educational system we mentioned earlier is one. On the other hand, they need to convince the developing countries and the Middle East that it is through the educational system that governments can come to terms with such abnormal phenomenon of barbaric terrorism.
In order to accomplish this goal serious academic work are needed to convince the Islamic world that religion needs to be separated from politics. Because there are undeniable proofs of the dreadful and risky outcomes of religion mingled with power.
After the September 11th incident, USA has used 500 billion dollars to fight terrorism and even a bigger budget for security agencies without trying to find out the root of the disease. They can, instead, work on counter-terrorism by scrutinizing the religious organizations, special programs in the media, producing documentary films and through supporting an educational system that enhances the common humanitarian values of all societies in the world.
As Tony Blair said that the education process needs to be looked at as "World Security". Through that process, individuals need to be taught on how to accept each other's beliefs and diversity. Students need to be taught that the whole world is theirs and they're the whole world in order to create individuals that have healthy mentality and globalized perspective who can live in harmony with other religions, groups and races.