Sharing the Iraqi government and self rule
In Iraq a federal government and regional government form shared rule and self-rule. The new government will have to come to terms with its armed forces and the use of militias. In Iraq, each major ethnic group has established its militias. The militias are used to protect their regions.
The Kurdistan Region will be like some states that practice a form of democracy that does not fit into either the presidential or parliamentary prototype but contains elements of both. In any country, the armed forces are designed to protect the country from external and internal threats and are made up of all ethnic groups. The Iraqi units are composed of a majority or entirely of one sector group in their ranks. The militia’s alliance is first to their ethnic group and region. Some political systems are called mixed systems. In some semi presidential democracies, the president is elected according to rules of direct democracy. In this system, the executive exercises a broad range of powers just as in the parliamentary system.
In Iraq many army units take their orders from the political parties. The role and the use of these forces will have to be clarified in order for a federal Iraq to succeed. Ensuring a successful federalism to a country lacking in a democratic tradition, with strong ethnic and religious divisions, is an enormous challenge. The democratic form of government is an institutional configuration that allows for popular participation through the electoral process. The democratic ideal is based on two principles: political participation and political contestation.
In Kurdistan Region, the president is being quite powerful, and he cannot be removed from office by the legislature. The mixed regimes combine characteristics of both of the major systems presidential and parliamentary. It ultimately will rely on the people of Iraq to make it work. The Iraqi federation must be voluntary and not imposed by the U.S. or any other outside power. A federal Iraq must be democratic. There are numerous other examples of mixed regimes where people have attempted to take the best attributes of each system and combine these attributes into one form of government. Constructive relations based on mutual trust and recognition must be built among all ethnic groups. The Kurdish leaders have been active in this process, advocating their own interests while building open and fair Iraqi institutions. The democratic systems in Kurdistan Region must provide the most checks on the authority of government while providing the most protection of the civil rights and liberties of individuals. In the Middle East countries, there is no perfect democracy. If uniting Iraq fails, then the U.S. must plan for the strong possibility of the Kurds declaring independence. The U.S. cannot deny that a Kurdish pursuit of independence is improbable. History has shown that states have been broken up into new states such as the former Soviet Union. All democracies have their strong and weak points. What is important is that there is complementary between democratic structures and the characteristics, needs, and priorities of the state in which democracy operates. When such complementary does not exist, the democratic principles of tolerance and negotiation allow for the possibility of reforms.