Kurds and the Extremist Shiia and Sunna
The United States has been supplying the Kurds with arms to fight the ISIS. The UN Security Council adopted a resolution against al Qaeda , Nusra Front, and the Islamic State militants who have declared a state of Caliphate across Iraq and Syria. The British decision to send Jordanian military equipment to the Peshmerga, followed a plea by Barazani for Britain to arm the Kurds against the ISIS. The UN efforts to staunch the Islamic State’s money flow add to the military pressure on the ISIS. The US warplanes continue bombarding its forces, while an emergency European Union meeting in Brussels opened the door for more members of the 28-group to arm embattled Kurdish Peshmerga.
ISIS is an extremist group that has originated from al Qaeda's hard line ideology and adheres to global jihadist principles. The extremism in Shiia and Sunni Islam is fomented and further exacerbated by the support from both Iran and Saudi Arabia. The extreme radical factions of Islam pose the biggest threat in the Middle East. They exploit sectarian politics as a means to increase their political leverage and influence in the region. These factions, independent of their sectarian affiliations, present violent, expansionist, and distorted views of Islam. Their interpretations of the religion are limited to concepts and means which best justify and suit their purposes. ISIS grew significantly as an organization owing to its participation in the Syrian Civil War and the strength of its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Economic and political discrimination against Arab Iraqi Sunnis since the fall of the secular Saddam's regime also helped it to gain support.
The coalition in the new Iraqi constitution between the Shiia and the Kurds at the expense of the Sunni Arabs, constituted the only Baathists in the old Iraq, helped to work in favor of the Shiia who had nurtured close ties to Iran. The new rulers in Iraq had little idea about the workings of democracy and were mostly pursuing a sectarian agenda under the tutelage of Iran. Iran was able to wage a proxy war against the United States in Iraq through the Al Quds Force as well as splinter groups from the Sadr Movement, such as Ashab Uhl- Haq. It also relied on like minded politicians, including Prime Minister Maliki and the State of Law coalition deputies in the parliament who joined forces with other Shiia groups to get the Americans out of Iraq. The disenfranchised Sunni parliamentarians also helped. Iran eventually achieved its objective of reducing the U.S. presence in Iraq and making robust U.S. engagement in Iraq unpalatable to the American people by increasing the costs of a large U.S. presence in the country.
The ISIS and Al-Qaeda in Iraq immediately stepped in to fill the gap left by the Sunnis, who had boycotted the Iraqi government after 2003. The ISIS had close links with al-Qaeda until 2014, but in February of that year, after an eight-month power struggle, al-Qaeda cut all ties with the group, reportedly for its brutality and "notorious intractability. There was no external power intervening with ground forces to stop the chain of bloody massacres. Bloodshed has been caused by the advance of the reportedly Saudi- and Qatar-funded Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) which has gained a foothold in Iraq due to Maliki's oppressive sectarian policies and his reluctance to include the Sunnis in Iraqi politics. This has alienated the Sunnis and left them with no choice but to embrace what they view as the lesser evil. Today we see a theater of sectarian war in Iraq, where Iran and the Gulf countries are waging their bloody battle against one another while the Iraqi people suffer the consequences.