Democ­racy and the evo­lu­tion of hu­man rights

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Saadula Aqrawi

In Iraq and the Mid­dle East, the lib­eral democ­racy has been a popular topic in pol­icy mak­ing cir­cles. It is of­ten ar­gued that pro­cesses of po­lit­i­cal lib­er­al­iza­tion and de­moc­ra­ti­za­tion have served to bring about peace­ful co-ex­is­tence. The suc­cess­ful pro­cesses can be em­u­lated. To save the peo­ple of the Mid­dle East and the Third World coun­tries, it is quite vi­tal to in­tro­duce a sec­u­lar sys­tem of gov­er­nance, so that true Is­lam re­turns to the cen­ter stage to in­spire in­di­vid­u­als with moral val­ues, rather than kill peo­ple be­cause of their be­liefs. It is only within the demo­cratic sys­tem that the pop­u­la­tion it­self can draw up the laws that will rule and pub­licly con­trol the three pow­ers, the leg­isla­tive power, and the power to pro­pose and vote for laws. Ev­ery po­lit­i­cal sys­tem should pro­tect ev­ery in­di­vid­ual against the vi­o­la­tion of ba­sic hu­man­i­tar­ian law in the name of Is­lam.

Us­ing Is­lam as a means of achiev­ing po­lit­i­cal ob­jec­tives has proven un­suc­cess­ful. The prin­ci­ples they are re­sort­ing to in the name of Sunni or Shiia Is­lam have noth­ing to do with re­li­gion. Power is what mo­ti­vates th­ese groups not re­li­gion that, at its core, val­ues hu­man life above any­thing else. The suc­cess of Iran or ISIS in Iraq will re­sult in a rogue state that would spread in­sta­bil­ity in the re­gion as well as the West.

Po­lit­i­cal and Civil Rights are there to make sure that each cit­i­zen can par­tic­i­pate with­out any re­stric­tion. This means that in­di­vid­u­als should not fear any un­jus­ti­fied ac­tion. The most im­por­tant rights, con­cern not only free­dom of speech and free­dom of the press but also free­dom to hold meet­ings and to set up as­so­ci­a­tions. The poli­cies to over­come the se­cu­rity im­passe in Iraq range from ur­gent prag­matic steps to longer term struc­tural mea­sures which should be con­cur­rently planned and ex­e­cuted to achieve mu­tual re­in­force­ment. The im­me­di­ate ob­jec­tive for the Western and re­gional ac­tors should be to block the mo­bil­ity of ji­hadists, de­grade their fight­ing ca­pa­bil­ity, and fa­cil­i­tate hu­man­i­tar­ian ef­forts. Risks are in­volved in ex­pand­ing the United State of Amer­ica’s ac­tion or get­ting the Europe Coun­tries in­volved in the cur­rent cri­sis in Iraq and Syria, but it is a nec­es­sary risk if there is any chance of tip­ping the bal­ance in favour of those who are for democ­racy and against ter­ror­ism in the re­gion against those whose only aim is to ex­tend hege­mony through the mind­less use of ter­ror­ist vi­o­lence.

The United State air strikes against the ter­ror­ists are a very en­cour­ag­ing sign. Such a show of force has al­ready helped the Iraqi po­lit­i­cal ac­tors on the ground to work for an in­clu­sive gov­ern­ment undis­turbed. The for­ma­tion of a post- Ma­liki gov­ern­ment, sup­ported by the United States, has al­ready shown some signs of suc­cess.

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