Mid­dle East must be re-de­signed

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - Payraw An­war

There has been no sta­bil­ity in the Mid­dle East since the First World War; noth­ing has hap­pened to rem­edy this. The Mid­dle East and the Arab coun­tries in par­tic­u­lar, which were part of the Ot­toman Epire, were di­vided and de­signed ac­cord­ing to the 1916 Sykes-Pi­cot agree­ment be­tween the three oc­cu­py­ing states: Bri­tain, France and Rus­sia.

Since the cre­ation of this new po­lit­i­cal map four is­sues emerged that re­lated to re­li­gion, sec­tar­i­an­ism, na­tion­al­ity and ge­og­ra­phy. And none has been solved yet, due to many rea­sons, above all the ab­sence of real in­te­gra­tion within those coun­tries.

Some coun­tries have been multi-na­tional, multi-sec­tar­ian and multi-re­li­gious, and this phe­nom­e­non has had an ex­tra­or­di­nary im­pact on the do­mes­tic, re­gional and in­ter­na­tional arena, cre­at­ing po­lit­i­cal dilem­mas and con­tin­ued un­rest.

If we con­sider the po­lit­i­cal sit­u­a­tion in Iraq in an his­tor­i­cal con­text, we re­al­ize that the in­vaders made a huge mis­take in es­tab­lish­ing such a state with its in­her­ent ten­dency to paral­y­sis. They did not con­sider any equa­tions ex­cept their own in­ter­ests; they wanted to or­ga­nize their goals with­out re­flect­ing and imag­in­ing what would hap­pen af­ter­wards or what comes next. Draw­ing the maps of Iraq, Syria, Le­banon, Jor­dan etc… was the out­come of their mis­takes.

Things will no longer stay ac­cord­ing to this agree­ment and this po­lit­i­cal map. This forced po­lit­i­cal mar­riage is done; it’s time is over; it does not work any­more. The Mid­dle East should be re-de­signed; a new po­lit­i­cal map must be redrawn soon; Syria and Iraq will get their lon­gawaited di­vorce from their oblig­a­tory mar­riages.

The ab­sence of key con­cepts – real democ­racy, tol­er­ance, co-ex­is­tence, hand­ing over of power, free­dom and fun­da­men­tal hu­man rights – stymie the coun­tries in the Mid­dle East. Good gov­er­nance and rea­son­able liveli­hood stan­dards must be part of the new po­lit­i­cal equa­tion; ad­di­tion­ally, not co­erc­ing na­tions and re­li­gions to live to­gether if there is no real prospect of co-ex­is­tence.

New na­tional states will ap­pear, es­pe­cially for Shias, Sun­nis and es­pe­cially for the Kurds. There is no choice ex­cept this to pro­vide sta­bil­ity and peace. The Mid­dle East must be redesigned once again, but cor­rectly this time.

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