Middle East must be re-designed
There has been no stability in the Middle East since the First World War; nothing has happened to remedy this. The Middle East and the Arab countries in particular, which were part of the Ottoman Epire, were divided and designed according to the 1916 Sykes-Picot agreement between the three occupying states: Britain, France and Russia.
Since the creation of this new political map four issues emerged that related to religion, sectarianism, nationality and geography. And none has been solved yet, due to many reasons, above all the absence of real integration within those countries.
Some countries have been multi-national, multi-sectarian and multi-religious, and this phenomenon has had an extraordinary impact on the domestic, regional and international arena, creating political dilemmas and continued unrest.
If we consider the political situation in Iraq in an historical context, we realize that the invaders made a huge mistake in establishing such a state with its inherent tendency to paralysis. They did not consider any equations except their own interests; they wanted to organize their goals without reflecting and imagining what would happen afterwards or what comes next. Drawing the maps of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan etc… was the outcome of their mistakes.
Things will no longer stay according to this agreement and this political map. This forced political marriage is done; it’s time is over; it does not work anymore. The Middle East should be re-designed; a new political map must be redrawn soon; Syria and Iraq will get their longawaited divorce from their obligatory marriages.
The absence of key concepts – real democracy, tolerance, co-existence, handing over of power, freedom and fundamental human rights – stymie the countries in the Middle East. Good governance and reasonable livelihood standards must be part of the new political equation; additionally, not coercing nations and religions to live together if there is no real prospect of co-existence.
New national states will appear, especially for Shias, Sunnis and especially for the Kurds. There is no choice except this to provide stability and peace. The Middle East must be redesigned once again, but correctly this time.