Impacts of Normative International Relations Theory on the Third World
Generally the supposed prime objective of theory is to provide explanation of any issue through particular worldview that reflects the theories' prospective. In the case of normative theory to engage with the issue critically in a way that the issue or subject matter ought to have been in a particular way or ought to be solved in an ideal way. This is the conventional understanding of the normative theory - that it is a critical engagement with the issue of the day – hoping to embitter the world through amplifying the issue by critically engaging with it. However, as Robert Cox, a renowned IR theorist famously declared that "theory is always for someone and for some purpose" testifies that normative theory is nothing but great powers' political instrument to convey a particular massage to an intended audience within the context of realpolitik, namely to deceive the audience of the reality of realpolitik in political affairs. When closely examining the role of the normative theory on the political elite of the third world, the cynicism of the normative theory becomes obvious. As is self-evident, even the very few political elite who are educated lack the self-esteem to believe in oneself as being equal to their counterparts of the First World. This low self-esteem of the Third World population generally, including their statesmen, is partly due to the massages send by normative theorists that the Third World population lack knowledge, wisdom, critical thinking, competence and physical appearance that to be counted as equal as the First World population and that they need to be helped by the people of the developed world. Additionally, the adverse effects of normative IR theory are the empirical fact of the Third World's intellectuals' interest in IR normative theories and their distaste for the positivist theories... Thus, the Third World's disposition of political knowledge – realpolitik knowledge – has paved for their underdog position in comparison to the West in all realms of politics, economy, social reality ...etc.
Those massages of normative theory are implicit and resonated through practical engagement of establishments of non-governmental organizations, governmental organizations, transnational organizations and so forth that all generate the feelings that the Third World population is not as competent as the First World and that the First World does all it can helping the Third World to develop but their incompetence stands obstacle to their own progress. This typical view of ourselves as people of Third World and the attitude of the First World towards us has no foundation. First, we need to understand that all human beings are endowed with equal faculty with different cultures, hobbies, appearance etc.; second, we need to know the fact that if the West wants to help the Third World, it has to remove the trade barriers, the heavy terms and conditions of borrowing from IMF and the World Bank, and soften travel restrictions on Third World population. Such positive policies would benefit not only the Third World economy but the First World too as they would enjoy greater economic stimulations, better awareness of the world as more people would travel and interact with local people. Therefore, in all, no intellectual of the Third World should be deceived by the cynical subtle normative theorists' aims and objectives, and they need to refute their cynical aims and objectives by presenting the Third World as who we really are – nothing less than the First World population, and we need to demonstrate this on practical level as well.