Bagh­dad tries to look good from the out­side, but re­mains the same inside!

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

After tak­ing power, Ai-Ab­badi im­me­di­ately em­barked on vis­its and looked for so­lu­tions to the re­gional con­flicts. Al-Ab­badi seems to think that prob­lems of Iraq are orig­i­nat­ing from the world out­side. His first step started with Saudi Ara­bia, and it agreed to open its em­bassy in Bagh­dad and con­sulate in Hawler. The same meet­ings went on with Turkey. He also vis­ited Jor­dan and Egypt, where ter­ror and is­sues re­lated to both coun­tries were dis­cussed. Iran is also one of the im­por­tant and close cen­ters to Bagh­dad. It is the only coun­try with a strong mil­i­tary and in­tel­li­gence pres­ence in Iraq, and the ties be­tween the two coun­tries tighten con­tin­u­ously.

Through th­ese poli­cies, Bagh­dad’s Prime Min­is­ter seems to set his agen­das based on ref­or­ma­tion and re­vi­sion of the re­gional re­la­tions, or to re­store the re­la­tions that were bro­ken off dur­ing the rule of Baath Regime or the eight-year rule of Nuri AlMa­liki. He most likely be­lieves that Iraq’s prob­lems are com­ing from the neigh­bor­ing coun­tries and those coun­tries are the source of all the prob­lems of Iraq's in­ter­nal con­flicts. By do­ing so, he in­tends to avoid solv­ing the real prob­lems in Iraq, be­cause he must even block the way for the re­main­ders of Al-Ma­liki’s poli­cies which are still im­ple­mented inside Al-Daawa party, in which Al-Ma­liki is still highly in­flu­en­tial.

The re­marks Haidar Al-Ab­badi made still have counter-re­marks. He makes decision about solv­ing the prob­lems with Kur­dis­tan Re­gion on the one hand, and makes the decision of car­ry­ing on the na­tional rec­on­cil­i­a­tion on the other, and at the same time, he says "we Iraqis should solve our prob­lems with the Sun­nis, and we our­selves will con­front ISIS, fight and de­feat this group on be­half of the world." He says that he’ll arm the Arab Sunni tribes and at the same time says Iraq needs over three years to re­or­ga­nize the army. He hes­i­tates to arm the Sun­nis. The Bagh­dadHawler prob­lems are handed over to com­mit­tees, and this means slow­ing down the process.

I think that Bagh­dad en­vied Kur­dis­tan Re­gion when they saw the re­sis­tance of Pesh­merge, the im­proved relation of Hawler with the US, the Euro­pean coun­tries, Turkey, some Arab coun­tries and Iran. This cre­ated an il­lu­sion that the de­feated Iraqi army could do the same as Kur­dis­tan does against ISIS. This is a wrong view­point, be­cause the re­al­ity of Kur­dis­tan is dif­fer­ent from Bagh­dad’s. Pesh­merge have a cause and a po­lit­i­cal, moral and hu­man­i­tar­ian mat­ter against ISIS and the rad­i­cal groups. Kur­dis­tan Re­gion shel­ters over a mil­lion and a half refugees. Nei­ther Bagh­dad nor the Iraqi army has th­ese mo­ti­va­tions. We should also bear in mind that the Arab com­mu­nity in Iraq has now di­vided into two main parts: Shia and Sunni. They don’t trust one another; ISIS still con­trols most of the Sunni ar­eas. So the process of en­cour­ag­ing and arm­ing the Arab Sunni tribes with­out hav­ing the US as an in­ter­me­di­ary is not trusted by the Shiia po­lit­i­cal par­ties.

Al-Ab­badi is mak­ing a big mis­take. He has evaded the in­ter­nal prob­lems and runs to­wards the prob­lems with the coun­tries sur­round­ing Iraq from the first days of his power. He prob­a­bly thinks that he could solve the in­ter­nal prob­lems through im­prov­ing the re­la­tions with his neigh­bors. If he wants to ease the pres­sures from the inside through re­duc­ing the outer pres­sures, he will only anaes­thetize the prob­lems tem­po­rar­ily. If he does not man­age to unify the Iraqis, he will not be able to re­store peace, unity and na­tional rec­on­cil­i­a­tion. He will nei­ther make suc­cess in re­in­forc­ing the army, win­ning back peo­ple's trust and solv­ing the prob­lems be­tween Bagh­dad and Hawler.

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