Kur­dis­tan Re­gion be­tween re­uni­fi­ca­tion and break­ing up

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

Kur­dis­tan Re­gion, which now con­sists of the ci­ties of Hawler, Sle­many and Duhok, has about half of its ter­ri­to­ries out­side of KRG’s po­lit­i­cal and ad­min­is­tra­tive au­thor­ity. The Iraqi Con­sti­tu­tion, specif­i­cally Ar­ti­cle 140, has dealt with the is­sue and stated clearly that the Kur­dish pop­u­la­tion of th­ese ter­ri­to­ries should de­ter­mine their fu­ture them­selves whether to re­unite with the Re­gion or join Bagh­dad.

After at­tacks of ISIS against Kur­dis­tan, the sit­u­a­tion com­pletely changed. Most of the Kur­dis­tani ar­eas out­side KRG’s au­thor­ity, in­clud­ing Kirkuk, are now con­trolled by Pesh­merge. Bagh­dad Gov­ern­ment was not able to take any pos­si­ble re­ac­tion or to con­sider Pesh­merge an oc­cu­pied force in the ar­eas. The pop­u­la­tion also wel­comed the pres­ence of Pesh­merge, who main­tains the se­cu­rity and safety of peo­ple against the bloody reign of ISIS.

The only area which even­tu­ally be­came an in­ter­na­tional is­sue after the tragic in­ci­dents was Shin­gal. After the lib­er­a­tion of Shin­gal Mount by Pesh­merge forces un­der the di­rect com­mand of Kur­dis­tan Re­gion Pres­i­dent Ma­soud Barzani, the area is about to be con­fronted with a new po­lit­i­cal re­al­ity cre­ated by Kur­dis­tan Work­ers Party (PKK): the es­tab­lish­ment of a self-au­ton­o­mous Coun­cil of Shin­gal. The Coun­cil is against Kur­dis­tan and even Iraqi ad­min­is­tra­tive law and Con­sti­tu­tion. De­spite the re­jec­tion and con­dem­na­tion of PKK's plans by the Kur­dish au­thor­i­ties and the Ezi­dies peo­ple them­selves, the PKK doesn’t seem to give up its self­im­pos­ing and uni­lat­eral pol­icy, or aban­don this im­posed agenda which could pos­si­bly con­front the party it­self with var­i­ous dif­fer­ent opin­ions and at­ti­tudes.

After the re­sis­tance and vic­tory of Pesh­merge against the bloody at­tacks of ISIS ter­ror­ists, the sit­u­a­tion of Kur­dis­tan Re­gion wit­nessed pos­i­tive shifts both na­tion­ally and in­ter­na­tion­ally. All the changes in­di­cate gain­ing support and bol­ster­ing up of KRG’s au­thor­ity in the ar­eas of ar­ti­cle 140, in­clud­ing Kirkuk. At this very tough and simultaneously golden time, another force which can be po­lit­i­cally and mil­i­tar­ily de­scribed as a trou­ble­maker for Kur­dis­tan Re­gion wants to sever Shin­gal from the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion and turn it into an in­de­pen­dent can­ton.

This step is against the at­tempts to re­unite all the ge­o­graph­i­cal parts of South­ern Kur­dis­tan’s ter­ri­to­ries to­gether. It is also against the unity of de­ter­mi­na­tion and uni­fi­ca­tion of Pesh­merge and or­ga­niz­ing it into a uni­fied army, which the Euro­pean and Amer­i­can friends per­haps con­sider it a must at the mo­ment in or­der to pro­vide support and train­ing for. This will surely cause di­vi­sion of Kur­dis­tan. Even if PKK showed its good­will be­hind this, but it has brought con­sid­er­able doubts and is con­sid­ered as a part of the se­ries of at­tacks and plots mas­ter­minded by many to re­strict the po­lit­i­cal po­si­tion and power of the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion.

In this part of Kur­dis­tan, be­side all the prob­lems and dif­fi­cul­ties that could ex­ist to­day and to­mor­row, no jus­ti­fi­ca­tion is ac­cept­able to break up and di­vide the ge­og­ra­phy and peo­ple’s de­ter­mi­na­tion of unity. The po­lit­i­cal par­ties should tackle the prob­lems in other forms. No other po­lit­i­cal and mil­i­tary au­thor­ity should be es­tab­lished in the ar­eas un­der the con­trol of Kur­dis­tan Re­gion Gov­ern­ment. We should re­mem­ber that even a po­lit­i­cal party tried to join the plot to di­vide the Kur­dis­tani ar­eas as a form of po­lit­i­cal re­venge, but this step will even­tu­ally face the ret­ri­bu­tion of his­tory in the fu­ture.

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