Kurdistan Region between reunification and breaking up
Kurdistan Region, which now consists of the cities of Hawler, Slemany and Duhok, has about half of its territories outside of KRG’s political and administrative authority. The Iraqi Constitution, specifically Article 140, has dealt with the issue and stated clearly that the Kurdish population of these territories should determine their future themselves whether to reunite with the Region or join Baghdad.
After attacks of ISIS against Kurdistan, the situation completely changed. Most of the Kurdistani areas outside KRG’s authority, including Kirkuk, are now controlled by Peshmerge. Baghdad Government was not able to take any possible reaction or to consider Peshmerge an occupied force in the areas. The population also welcomed the presence of Peshmerge, who maintains the security and safety of people against the bloody reign of ISIS.
The only area which eventually became an international issue after the tragic incidents was Shingal. After the liberation of Shingal Mount by Peshmerge forces under the direct command of Kurdistan Region President Masoud Barzani, the area is about to be confronted with a new political reality created by Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK): the establishment of a self-autonomous Council of Shingal. The Council is against Kurdistan and even Iraqi administrative law and Constitution. Despite the rejection and condemnation of PKK's plans by the Kurdish authorities and the Ezidies people themselves, the PKK doesn’t seem to give up its selfimposing and unilateral policy, or abandon this imposed agenda which could possibly confront the party itself with various different opinions and attitudes.
After the resistance and victory of Peshmerge against the bloody attacks of ISIS terrorists, the situation of Kurdistan Region witnessed positive shifts both nationally and internationally. All the changes indicate gaining support and bolstering up of KRG’s authority in the areas of article 140, including Kirkuk. At this very tough and simultaneously golden time, another force which can be politically and militarily described as a troublemaker for Kurdistan Region wants to sever Shingal from the Kurdistan Region and turn it into an independent canton.
This step is against the attempts to reunite all the geographical parts of Southern Kurdistan’s territories together. It is also against the unity of determination and unification of Peshmerge and organizing it into a unified army, which the European and American friends perhaps consider it a must at the moment in order to provide support and training for. This will surely cause division of Kurdistan. Even if PKK showed its goodwill behind this, but it has brought considerable doubts and is considered as a part of the series of attacks and plots masterminded by many to restrict the political position and power of the Kurdistan Region.
In this part of Kurdistan, beside all the problems and difficulties that could exist today and tomorrow, no justification is acceptable to break up and divide the geography and people’s determination of unity. The political parties should tackle the problems in other forms. No other political and military authority should be established in the areas under the control of Kurdistan Region Government. We should remember that even a political party tried to join the plot to divide the Kurdistani areas as a form of political revenge, but this step will eventually face the retribution of history in the future.