The US be­tween ISIS, Bagh­dad, Kurds and Iran

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

Pesh­merge have suc­ceeded in min­i­miz­ing the role of ISIS and turn the ter­ror­ist or­ga­ni­za­tion back to its el­e­men­tary shape and form. This has hap­pened as a re­sult of its de­feat in Kur­dis­tan. Bagh­dad felt jeal­ous and thus started an op­er­a­tion to con­trol the ar­eas over­run by ISIS in An­bar, Fal­luja, Salahud­din and the last phase might be Mo­sul, about which there’s still con­tro­versy re­gard­ing the time and man­ner of launch­ing the lib­er­at­ing op­er­a­tion.

Bagh­dad hasn’t yet taken any cru­cial steps in An­bar and the deserts of west­ern Iraq. In those ar­eas, ISIS and re­bel­lious Sun­nis are now rul­ing. Bagh­dad has now started the op­er­a­tion to re­take the Salahud­din Prov­ince. Tikrit, which is the birth­place of Sad­dan Hus­sein and his burial place as well, is within the bor­ders of this Prov­ince. The op­er­a­tion of the Iraqi Gov­ern­ment was con­ducted with­out the sup­port of the US and the coali­tion forces. The ab­sence of such sup­port has raised con­cerns among the Sun­nis. Re­ly­ing solely on the Shiia Mili­tias and Iran dur­ing the op­er­a­tion has ag­gra­vated the sit­u­a­tion be­tween the two re­li­gious groups.

The US has hon­estly ad­mit­ted the role of Iran in fight­ing the ISIS. Bagh­dad could no more keep this re­al­ity se­cret. The sit­u­a­tion hasn’t only di­vided the Iraqi com­po­nents into dif­fer­ent opin­ions, but the Amer­i­cans as well. Part of the Repub­li­cans think that what Obama is do­ing, whether in the ne­go­ti­a­tion about Iran’s nu­clear pro­gram or his aware­ness about Iran's pres­ence in­side Iraq, is a pol­icy that is not con­struc­tive as far as the US in­ter­ests are con­cerned. Some peo­ple con­sider this as an in­ter­nal con­flict for the elec­tion and oth­ers think this is a real con­cern over the US for­eign pol­icy in the Mid­dle East and their na­tional se­cu­rity.

Iraq is head­ing to­ward a dark and an un­known fu­ture. Be­cause along with the in­crease of Iran's role and overt in­ter­ven­tion in Iraq the fu­ture of the Sunni com­po­nent will be un­der threat. The Kur­dis­tan Re­gion is also fac­ing pres­sures; it’s not im­pos­si­ble that this pol­icy makes Kur­dis­tan se­ri­ously con­sider other al­ter­na­tives and as a re­sult tighten its re­la­tions with Turkey and the West. I mean this bal­ance the US is keep­ing be­tween ISIS, Bagh­dad, Kurds and Iran may end up with harm­ing the in­ter­ests of the Sun­nis Arabs and Kur­dis­tan Re­gion as well. This is the opin­ion of the Kur­dish peo­ple that the US is mainly de­fend­ing its se­cu­rity and the eco­nomic in­ter­ests not prac­tic­ing moral pol­i­tics and safe­guard­ing the in­ter­est of its friends and al­lies. What is now hap­pen­ing in Iraq will strengthen the po­si­tion of Iran in the east. This leads to an ex­ten­sion of Iranism in the area. Then, the US should ei­ther look for an al­ter­na­tive which is (Sun­nis and Kurds), or get ready for a fierce and com­pli­cated con­fronta­tion with Iran. This will even­tu­ally wipe out Iraq as a coun­try on the world map.

So who will be re­spon­si­ble for weak­en­ing and erad­i­cat­ing Iraq? Those who are hold­ing the his­tor­i­cal re­spon­si­bil­ity are the Shi­ias who now hold power in Bagh­dad, then the Sun­nis who showed fierce op­po­si­tion against the new Iraqi fed­er­al­ism. They re­fused to take part in the po­lit­i­cal process in the be­gin­ning of the op­er­a­tion of lib­er­at­ing Iraq and reestab­lish­ing the coun­try. And now, as they have melted down in­side ISIS, they have a huge his­tor­i­cal dis­ad­van­tage. In ad­di­tion, the Sun­nis don’t have a clear demo­cratic strat­egy as much as the sus­pi­cion they’re hold­ing to­wards one an­other.

The US is tak­ing the his­toric re­spon­si­bil­ity as the fi­nal de­ci­sion maker in Iraq. It can set­tle prob­lems wher­ever they oc­cur al­most all over the world. The Kurds also have re­spon­si­bil­i­ties. When they took part in the new Iraq they were not able to rec­on­cile the Shi­ias and the Sun­nis. They should’ve made their cru­cial de­ci­sion back in 2003.

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