The US between ISIS, Baghdad, Kurds and Iran
Peshmerge have succeeded in minimizing the role of ISIS and turn the terrorist organization back to its elementary shape and form. This has happened as a result of its defeat in Kurdistan. Baghdad felt jealous and thus started an operation to control the areas overrun by ISIS in Anbar, Falluja, Salahuddin and the last phase might be Mosul, about which there’s still controversy regarding the time and manner of launching the liberating operation.
Baghdad hasn’t yet taken any crucial steps in Anbar and the deserts of western Iraq. In those areas, ISIS and rebellious Sunnis are now ruling. Baghdad has now started the operation to retake the Salahuddin Province. Tikrit, which is the birthplace of Saddan Hussein and his burial place as well, is within the borders of this Province. The operation of the Iraqi Government was conducted without the support of the US and the coalition forces. The absence of such support has raised concerns among the Sunnis. Relying solely on the Shiia Militias and Iran during the operation has aggravated the situation between the two religious groups.
The US has honestly admitted the role of Iran in fighting the ISIS. Baghdad could no more keep this reality secret. The situation hasn’t only divided the Iraqi components into different opinions, but the Americans as well. Part of the Republicans think that what Obama is doing, whether in the negotiation about Iran’s nuclear program or his awareness about Iran's presence inside Iraq, is a policy that is not constructive as far as the US interests are concerned. Some people consider this as an internal conflict for the election and others think this is a real concern over the US foreign policy in the Middle East and their national security.
Iraq is heading toward a dark and an unknown future. Because along with the increase of Iran's role and overt intervention in Iraq the future of the Sunni component will be under threat. The Kurdistan Region is also facing pressures; it’s not impossible that this policy makes Kurdistan seriously consider other alternatives and as a result tighten its relations with Turkey and the West. I mean this balance the US is keeping between ISIS, Baghdad, Kurds and Iran may end up with harming the interests of the Sunnis Arabs and Kurdistan Region as well. This is the opinion of the Kurdish people that the US is mainly defending its security and the economic interests not practicing moral politics and safeguarding the interest of its friends and allies. What is now happening in Iraq will strengthen the position of Iran in the east. This leads to an extension of Iranism in the area. Then, the US should either look for an alternative which is (Sunnis and Kurds), or get ready for a fierce and complicated confrontation with Iran. This will eventually wipe out Iraq as a country on the world map.
So who will be responsible for weakening and eradicating Iraq? Those who are holding the historical responsibility are the Shiias who now hold power in Baghdad, then the Sunnis who showed fierce opposition against the new Iraqi federalism. They refused to take part in the political process in the beginning of the operation of liberating Iraq and reestablishing the country. And now, as they have melted down inside ISIS, they have a huge historical disadvantage. In addition, the Sunnis don’t have a clear democratic strategy as much as the suspicion they’re holding towards one another.
The US is taking the historic responsibility as the final decision maker in Iraq. It can settle problems wherever they occur almost all over the world. The Kurds also have responsibilities. When they took part in the new Iraq they were not able to reconcile the Shiias and the Sunnis. They should’ve made their crucial decision back in 2003.