Best maintenance of Iraq is its division
Iraq has reached a point that coexistence of its components within the current political frame is almost impossible. Sunnis and Shiaas have left no way to mutually and equally participate in the same government. Haidar Al-Abbadi’s government takes no practical steps to build the trust and let the Sunnis to be part of an inclusive government. In the fight against the IS, he refuses to arm the Sunni tribes as well as the Kurds. He wants Peshmerge to get involved in liberating Mosul voluntarily. He also wants Peshmerge to take part in striking the IS in Salahaddin province without any moral and political commitment from his side. He never takes initiative to provide military and financial support to the KRG and Peshmerge. He tries to take things for granted. In April, the amount of oil sent by KRG via SOMO went beyond what had been agreed upon, but Al-Abbadi has decided to reduce Kurdistan Region’s budget, which obviously shows his ill intention regarding his many agreements with us the Kurds.
The Government and the MPs held meetings recently. Unlike the previous months, the parties that had been showing their political support to Baghdad’s government are heavily criticizing it and they stand unified with the KRG instead. The Parliament does the same. All the parties stated that what Baghdad is doing towards Kurdistan Region is demonstrably unfair. With Baghdad’s threatening demeanor, Erbil is stepping away from Iraq step by step. Erbil’s flexibility and readiness in tackling the problems is interpreted by Baghdad as a sign of weakness and backing off, which is a fatal misunderstanding and a serious political miscalculation. When Baghdad thinks of making the KRG submit, it opens the door further to distance itself from Baghdad. It actually urges the political parties in Kurdistan to converge and solidify their attitudes and stance more.
The same thing with the Iraqi Sunnis, who were at a certain time against the federal system. They now are having discussions in Washington about build- ing an independent Sunni region against the dominating and self-imposing Shia groups. This is the suitable solution for now and the future of Iraq. So Iraq has only two alternatives to choose between:
Firstly: reconsiderations and returning to the constitution, giving up the political maneuver and marginalizing other components in power; the practical solution of the Erbil-Baghdad and Shia-Sunni problems. This means reforming the aggressive and power-clenching policy against the Kurds and Sunnis. Kurds and Sunnis have been paying for this wrong policy for long. But from now on, Shiais must pay for their wrong doing.
Secondly: division of Iraq into three Sunni, Shia and Kurdish regions within an Iraqi federation. This could be the best idea, because neither Shia is ready to sacrifice its majority for the Kurdish and Sunni minorities, nor Kurds are ready to hand over a stable and developed government of Kurdistan to a devastated, undeveloped and socially, politically problematic Baghdad. Sunnis also can’t any more put their neck under the blade of Shia’s sharp knife. So, if they aren't helped soon enough, the Sunnis could move further towards violence, radical Islamism and even war.
So the best solution for Iraq and the maintenance of it is dividing it into three powerful regions, as decided by the constitution. This step could restore sovereignty to the Iraqi components, and security and stability to Iraq. It would be the only way to promote equality among the components themselves.
We should bear in mind that neither a powerful Shia official can rule in Sunni areas, nor a politically submissive Sunni can have actual share of power in the Shia areas, and nor Kurds are accepted by either of Arab components. We cannot hand over our fate to a sectarian and racist government in Baghdad once more. Hence, the best way out of the current deadlock is declarations of three independent regions within an Iraqi federation.