Best main­te­nance of Iraq is its di­vi­sion

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

Iraq has reached a point that co­ex­is­tence of its com­po­nents within the cur­rent po­lit­i­cal frame is al­most im­pos­si­ble. Sun­nis and Shi­aas have left no way to mu­tu­ally and equally par­tic­i­pate in the same gov­ern­ment. Haidar Al-Ab­badi’s gov­ern­ment takes no prac­ti­cal steps to build the trust and let the Sun­nis to be part of an in­clu­sive gov­ern­ment. In the fight against the IS, he re­fuses to arm the Sunni tribes as well as the Kurds. He wants Pesh­merge to get in­volved in lib­er­at­ing Mo­sul vol­un­tar­ily. He also wants Pesh­merge to take part in strik­ing the IS in Sala­haddin prov­ince with­out any moral and po­lit­i­cal com­mit­ment from his side. He never takes ini­tia­tive to pro­vide mil­i­tary and fi­nan­cial sup­port to the KRG and Pesh­merge. He tries to take things for granted. In April, the amount of oil sent by KRG via SOMO went be­yond what had been agreed upon, but Al-Ab­badi has de­cided to re­duce Kur­dis­tan Re­gion’s bud­get, which ob­vi­ously shows his ill in­ten­tion re­gard­ing his many agree­ments with us the Kurds.

The Gov­ern­ment and the MPs held meet­ings re­cently. Un­like the pre­vi­ous months, the par­ties that had been show­ing their po­lit­i­cal sup­port to Bagh­dad’s gov­ern­ment are heav­ily crit­i­ciz­ing it and they stand uni­fied with the KRG in­stead. The Par­lia­ment does the same. All the par­ties stated that what Bagh­dad is do­ing to­wards Kur­dis­tan Re­gion is demon­stra­bly un­fair. With Bagh­dad’s threat­en­ing de­meanor, Er­bil is step­ping away from Iraq step by step. Er­bil’s flex­i­bil­ity and readi­ness in tack­ling the prob­lems is in­ter­preted by Bagh­dad as a sign of weak­ness and back­ing off, which is a fa­tal mis­un­der­stand­ing and a se­ri­ous po­lit­i­cal mis­cal­cu­la­tion. When Bagh­dad thinks of mak­ing the KRG sub­mit, it opens the door fur­ther to dis­tance it­self from Bagh­dad. It ac­tu­ally urges the po­lit­i­cal par­ties in Kur­dis­tan to con­verge and so­lid­ify their at­ti­tudes and stance more.

The same thing with the Iraqi Sun­nis, who were at a cer­tain time against the fed­eral sys­tem. They now are hav­ing dis­cus­sions in Wash­ing­ton about build- ing an in­de­pen­dent Sunni re­gion against the dom­i­nat­ing and self-im­pos­ing Shia groups. This is the suit­able so­lu­tion for now and the fu­ture of Iraq. So Iraq has only two al­ter­na­tives to choose be­tween:

Firstly: re­con­sid­er­a­tions and re­turn­ing to the con­sti­tu­tion, giv­ing up the po­lit­i­cal ma­neu­ver and marginal­iz­ing other com­po­nents in power; the prac­ti­cal so­lu­tion of the Er­bil-Bagh­dad and Shia-Sunni prob­lems. This means re­form­ing the ag­gres­sive and power-clench­ing pol­icy against the Kurds and Sun­nis. Kurds and Sun­nis have been pay­ing for this wrong pol­icy for long. But from now on, Shi­ais must pay for their wrong do­ing.

Se­condly: di­vi­sion of Iraq into three Sunni, Shia and Kur­dish re­gions within an Iraqi fed­er­a­tion. This could be the best idea, be­cause nei­ther Shia is ready to sac­ri­fice its ma­jor­ity for the Kur­dish and Sunni mi­nori­ties, nor Kurds are ready to hand over a sta­ble and de­vel­oped gov­ern­ment of Kur­dis­tan to a dev­as­tated, un­de­vel­oped and so­cially, po­lit­i­cally prob­lem­atic Bagh­dad. Sun­nis also can’t any more put their neck un­der the blade of Shia’s sharp knife. So, if they aren't helped soon enough, the Sun­nis could move fur­ther to­wards vi­o­lence, rad­i­cal Is­lamism and even war.

So the best so­lu­tion for Iraq and the main­te­nance of it is di­vid­ing it into three pow­er­ful re­gions, as de­cided by the con­sti­tu­tion. This step could re­store sovereignty to the Iraqi com­po­nents, and se­cu­rity and sta­bil­ity to Iraq. It would be the only way to pro­mote equal­ity among the com­po­nents them­selves.

We should bear in mind that nei­ther a pow­er­ful Shia of­fi­cial can rule in Sunni ar­eas, nor a po­lit­i­cally sub­mis­sive Sunni can have ac­tual share of power in the Shia ar­eas, and nor Kurds are ac­cepted by ei­ther of Arab com­po­nents. We can­not hand over our fate to a sec­tar­ian and racist gov­ern­ment in Bagh­dad once more. Hence, the best way out of the cur­rent dead­lock is dec­la­ra­tions of three in­de­pen­dent re­gions within an Iraqi fed­er­a­tion.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Iraq

© PressReader. All rights reserved.