The Mil­i­tary Is­lamic Front

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

The devel­op­ments in the Mid­dle East and Rus­sia’s step up into the Syr­ian crises have made Arab and some Is­lamic coun­tries con­sider forming a mil­i­tary front rather than a po­lit­i­cal one for fight­ing ISIS and other rad­i­cal groups. The is­sues are re­lated to Iran’s po­si­tion and its pol­icy of ex­ten­sion and Rus­sia’s stance to­wards the Syr­ian crises. In­stead of re­as­sur­ing the Sunni and Arab world, th­ese coun­tries have adapted the dis­course of pres­sure and con­flict pol­icy, deep­en­ing the dif­fer­ences and con­cerns among the Arab (es­pe­cially Gulf) coun­tries. This is what made Saudi Ara­bia ap­pear as a new po­lit­i­cal and mil­i­tary leader in the area.

Saudi Ara­bia used mil­i­tary force di­rectly af­ter Hauothis ac­tions in Ye­men. Through the op­er­a­tion, the mil­i­tary ca­pac­ity—sup­ported by the lat­est mil­i­tary tech­nol­ogy—of Saudi was tested for the first time. Saudi is us­ing the mil­i­tary weaponry that has been saving in the last cen­tury. There’s a com­mon tar­get for Saudi, Gulf coun­tries, Tur­key and Egypt that’s from be­ing ac­cused of turn­ing a blind eye to ISIS ter­ror­ist groups and putting a limit to the ex­ten­sion of Rus­sia and Iran.

In­for­ma­tion in­di­cates that Qatar is ex­chang­ing the Le­banese pris­on­ers with the Syr­ian rad­i­cal groups eas­ily. The fin­ger of ac­cu­sa­tion is pointed to Saudi for pro­vid­ing fi­nan­cial sources to the Is­lamist groups. Egypt is the cen­ter of emerg­ing po­lit­i­cal Is­lamism, from the mod­er­ate to the rad­i­cal. Tur­key is also doubted con­cern­ing its re­la­tions with ISIS. How­ever, dur­ing the last two months, the po­lit­i­cal and mil­i­tary ten­den­cies are chang­ing, a change that will turn all the opin­ions, doubts and in­ter­pre­ta­tions up­side down.

Saudi is cre­at­ing an Is­lamic front of fight­ing ISIS be­cause Rus­sia and Iran are work­ing in ac­cor­dance to their in­ter­ests and never con­sider the in­ter­ests of other coun­tries of the area. Af­ter down­ing the Rus­sian war­plane, Tur­key is di­rectly in­volved in the front of Sunni Mus­lims and will in­ter­vene in Iraq to help the mod­er­ate Sunni Arabs in Mo­sul. Egypt also is un­der the threat of rad­i­cal Is­lamists and Libya is al­ready in a se­cu­rity and po­lit­i­cal tur­moil.

The new Saudi-led Mil­i­tary Is­lamic front aims first at lim­it­ing the ex­ten­sion of the four-coun­try coali­tion of ‘Rus­sia, Iran, Syria and Iraq’, then at re­duc­ing the pres­sure of ISIS and rad­i­cal Is­lamist groups. They say there would be boots on the ground if needed. Th­ese coun­tries find them­selves in front of two direct threats: Rus­sian in­ter­ven­tion into the cri­sis and us­ing ISIS and its bru­tal ac­tions as a pre­text for strik­ing Is­lamic Sunni Arabs and close friends of Saudi, Tur­key and USA.

The US-led coali­tion of the fight against ISIS, the four coun­tries’ coali­tion and the Saudi-led Mil­i­tary Is­lamic Front will shift the Mid­dle East into a new era of con­flict and res­o­lu­tions.

What will be the po­si­tion of the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion among all th­ese coali­tions? The Kur­dish Re­gion has of­fi­cial ties with US and Tur­key and Saudi has also felt the sig­nif­i­cance of Re­gion’s as well. There­fore re­la­tions with the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion are at high diplo­matic, mil­i­tary and eco­nomic lev­els. While the Kur­dis­tan Re­gion does not stand against Rus­sia and Iran, nei­ther have ei­ther coun­tries been a source of sta­bil­ity or eco­nom­i­cal and po­lit­i­cal de­vel­op­ment in Kur­dis­tan. Through there is dif­fer­ence of opin­ion and at­ti­tude to­wards among the Kurds re­gard­ing the sit­u­a­tion, we can­not say that Kur­dis­tan is di­vided on the is­sue. For in­stance, those par­ties whose strongholds are close to Ira­nian bor­ders in Suleimany Prov­ince are con­cerned about the Turk­ish force’s de­ploy­ment near Mo­sul while a Pesh­merge train­ing cen­ter by Turk­ish mil­i­tary ad­vi­sors is lo­cated in Qala­cholan in Suleimany Prov­ince. This at­ti­tude seems to be in­flu­enced by Iran and Shi­ite rule in Bagh­dad and the re­la­tions seem to be slightly un­der­cover. The other party, whose strong­hold is close to Tur­key, has of­fi­cial ties with gov­ern­ment and of­fi­cial in­sti­tutes with Tur­key.

What stance is the Kurds, who cur­rently have a strong mil­i­tary, po­lit­i­cal and diplo­matic po­si­tion, ex­pected to take? The devel­op­ments are di­rectly re­lated to Kur­dis­tan, so it shouldn’t be treated as a light mat­ter. The de­ci­sion may be dif­fi­cult, but Kur­dish lead­er­ship and Pres­i­dent Barzani him­self have the abil­ity to keep the bal­ance of power and make the right de­ci­sion for de­ter­min­ing the fu­ture of Kur­dis­tan Re­gion.

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