Either Saudi or Iran is Right, or the Problems are Serious!
Last week, the conflict between Sunni-Saudi and Shiite-Iran shifted to the second phase. In addition to the rapid developments, Sudan, Bahrain, Djibouti and Somalia broke off their diplomatic ties with Iran, while Kuwait, Qatar, Madagascar, Mauritania, Egypt, Turkey, Pakistan, Malaysia and Jordan have given Iranian embassies their empathy. This will shape another phase of regional conflict.
The reality of problems exacerbated the decisions on the issues behind which are many factors: political, economical, security, rise of terrorism then rise of sectarian issue matter between Sunnis and Shias, as two opposite poles tothe-bone. Another problem which arose after the withdrawal of US army in Iraq that no one is actually mentioning is the problem of leading the Middle East.
The developments came after US withdrawal in Iraq. Arab Spring arose; political Islamism took power but was ousted and toppled soon later. Terrorism has developed further and has become a universal phenomenon, and there is a great chaos in Iraq. In Syria, the solution was handed over to the interests and maintaining the dominance of Iran and reinforcing Russia’s position in the Middle East.
The leading problem made the crisis and conflicts even harder. The problem could be seen clearer after fall of Yemen and rise of the Houthis. Up to this point, it was important to Saudi itself to remain silent, maintain its financial power. But after the threat of Muslim Brotherhood and their closeness to Iran and appearance of Qatar as a small power—but as a big decision maker—and Iran’s constant attempts at widening its political and strategic dominance in the area, Saudi took a different action than the nature of its foreign policy. It ousted Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt by using force and helped its President Sisi. It also created a front in Yemen and waged a modern military and electronic war. For restoring Saudi’s leading role in the area, it announced ‘The Military Islamic Front’ that includes most Sunni and Muslim countries, except Iraq and Iran.
Saudi made the executions on basis of the true problems, but the decision was responded by attacking their embassy in Tehran. This appears to end in favor of Saudi and its alliances, although the problem is deteriorating and moving towards serious crises, because Iran is not a country that can easily give up its policy and interests in the region and leading the area.
The problem is a real one and is correlated with the position, manner and future of leading the area, being reflected in Sunni – Shia conflict. The US policy of leading in the background has made ground for strengthening Iran. Thus, Saudi who represent the Islamic world, Sunni and US ally in the area, cannot hand over is position, political dignity and power to its sectarian opponent.
In this problem, no one will suffer psychologically more than Iraq.