Ei­ther Saudi or Iran is Right, or the Prob­lems are Se­ri­ous!

The Kurdish Globe - - NEWS - By Gazi Has­san

Last week, the con­flict be­tween Sunni-Saudi and Shi­ite-Iran shifted to the se­cond phase. In ad­di­tion to the rapid de­vel­op­ments, Su­dan, Bahrain, Dji­bouti and So­ma­lia broke off their diplo­matic ties with Iran, while Kuwait, Qatar, Mada­gas­car, Mau­ri­ta­nia, Egypt, Turkey, Pak­istan, Malaysia and Jor­dan have given Ira­nian em­bassies their em­pa­thy. This will shape an­other phase of re­gional con­flict.

The re­al­ity of prob­lems ex­ac­er­bated the de­ci­sions on the is­sues be­hind which are many fac­tors: political, eco­nom­i­cal, se­cu­rity, rise of ter­ror­ism then rise of sec­tar­ian is­sue mat­ter be­tween Sun­nis and Shias, as two op­po­site poles tothe-bone. An­other prob­lem which arose af­ter the with­drawal of US army in Iraq that no one is ac­tu­ally men­tion­ing is the prob­lem of lead­ing the Middle East.

The de­vel­op­ments came af­ter US with­drawal in Iraq. Arab Spring arose; political Is­lamism took power but was ousted and top­pled soon later. Ter­ror­ism has de­vel­oped fur­ther and has be­come a uni­ver­sal phe­nom­e­non, and there is a great chaos in Iraq. In Syria, the so­lu­tion was handed over to the in­ter­ests and main­tain­ing the dom­i­nance of Iran and re­in­forc­ing Rus­sia’s po­si­tion in the Middle East.

The lead­ing prob­lem made the cri­sis and con­flicts even harder. The prob­lem could be seen clearer af­ter fall of Ye­men and rise of the Houthis. Up to this point, it was im­por­tant to Saudi it­self to re­main silent, main­tain its fi­nan­cial power. But af­ter the threat of Mus­lim Broth­er­hood and their close­ness to Iran and ap­pear­ance of Qatar as a small power—but as a big de­ci­sion maker—and Iran’s con­stant at­tempts at widen­ing its political and strate­gic dom­i­nance in the area, Saudi took a dif­fer­ent ac­tion than the na­ture of its for­eign pol­icy. It ousted Mus­lim Broth­er­hood in Egypt by us­ing force and helped its Pres­i­dent Sisi. It also cre­ated a front in Ye­men and waged a mod­ern mil­i­tary and elec­tronic war. For restor­ing Saudi’s lead­ing role in the area, it an­nounced ‘The Mil­i­tary Is­lamic Front’ that in­cludes most Sunni and Mus­lim coun­tries, ex­cept Iraq and Iran.

Saudi made the ex­e­cu­tions on ba­sis of the true prob­lems, but the de­ci­sion was re­sponded by at­tack­ing their em­bassy in Tehran. This ap­pears to end in fa­vor of Saudi and its al­liances, al­though the prob­lem is de­te­ri­o­rat­ing and mov­ing to­wards se­ri­ous crises, be­cause Iran is not a coun­try that can eas­ily give up its pol­icy and in­ter­ests in the re­gion and lead­ing the area.

The prob­lem is a real one and is cor­re­lated with the po­si­tion, man­ner and fu­ture of lead­ing the area, be­ing re­flected in Sunni – Shia con­flict. The US pol­icy of lead­ing in the back­ground has made ground for strength­en­ing Iran. Thus, Saudi who rep­re­sent the Is­lamic world, Sunni and US ally in the area, can­not hand over is po­si­tion, political dig­nity and power to its sec­tar­ian op­po­nent.

In this prob­lem, no one will suf­fer psy­cho­log­i­cally more than Iraq.

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