The so­cial ben­e­fits of Is­lamic Law

Irish Independent - Farming - - RURAL LIFE -

THE con­cept of the wel­fare state is not new. In fact, it has its roots in Is­lamic law and in or char­ity, one of the five pil­lars of Is­lam.

It was im­ple­mented as gov­ern­ment prac­tice un­der the Rashidun Caliphate of the sev­enth cen­tury. The taxes gath­ered un­der this prac­tice were se­questered by the trea­sury of the Is­lamic gov­ern­ment and used to pro­vide in­come for wid­ows, the el­derly, or­phans and the dis­abled.

The mod­ern wel­fare state op­er­ates in much the same way, trans­fer­ring funds from the state to de­liver ser­vices such as health and ed­u­ca­tion and to pro­vide ben­e­fits.

It has its roots in the UK in the Bev­eridge Re­port of 1942. The re­port sug­gested that it is the role of gov­ern­ment to take steps to pro­vide cit­i­zens with ad­e­quate in­come, ad­e­quate health care, ad­e­quate ed­u­ca­tion, ad­e­quate hous­ing and ad­e­quate em­ploy­ment.

It pro­posed that “all peo­ple of work­ing age should pay a weekly na­tional in­sur­ance con­tri­bu­tion. In re­turn, ben­e­fits would be paid to peo­ple who were sick, un­em­ployed, re­tired or wid­owed”.

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