The social benefits of Islamic Law
THE concept of the welfare state is not new. In fact, it has its roots in Islamic law and in or charity, one of the five pillars of Islam.
It was implemented as government practice under the Rashidun Caliphate of the seventh century. The taxes gathered under this practice were sequestered by the treasury of the Islamic government and used to provide income for widows, the elderly, orphans and the disabled.
The modern welfare state operates in much the same way, transferring funds from the state to deliver services such as health and education and to provide benefits.
It has its roots in the UK in the Beveridge Report of 1942. The report suggested that it is the role of government to take steps to provide citizens with adequate income, adequate health care, adequate education, adequate housing and adequate employment.
It proposed that “all people of working age should pay a weekly national insurance contribution. In return, benefits would be paid to people who were sick, unemployed, retired or widowed”.