Almost one billion lack safe water
ACCORDING to the World Health Organisation (WHO) a basic water service is a protected drinking-water source within a round trip of 30 minutes to collect water.
Up to 844 million people lack even this basic drinking-water service, including 159 million people who are dependent on surface water.
Contaminated drinking water is estimated to cause 502,000 diarrhoeal deaths each year. According to the charity ‘billion bottle project’ a child dies every 20 seconds from a lack of clean drinking water.
A safely managed drinking water service is one that is located on premises, available when needed, and free from contamination. Most of us in this country have such a supply along with 71pc of the planet’s population, according to 2015 WHO figures.
In relation to electricity, World Bank figures show that in 2014 a total of 85.3pc of the world’s population had access to electricity, although in many places this could be a restricted supply operating for a few hours a day.
However, in Sub-Saharan Africa the figure is a mere 37.4pc with poorer countries such as Malawi at 11.9pc and South Sudan as low as 4.5pc.