Al­most one bil­lion lack safe water

Irish Independent - Farming - - RURAL LIFE -

AC­CORD­ING to the World Health Or­gan­i­sa­tion (WHO) a ba­sic water ser­vice is a pro­tected drink­ing-water source within a round trip of 30 min­utes to col­lect water.

Up to 844 mil­lion peo­ple lack even this ba­sic drink­ing-water ser­vice, in­clud­ing 159 mil­lion peo­ple who are de­pen­dent on sur­face water.

Con­tam­i­nated drink­ing water is es­ti­mated to cause 502,000 di­ar­rhoeal deaths each year. Ac­cord­ing to the char­ity ‘bil­lion bot­tle project’ a child dies every 20 sec­onds from a lack of clean drink­ing water.

A safely man­aged drink­ing water ser­vice is one that is lo­cated on premises, avail­able when needed, and free from con­tam­i­na­tion. Most of us in this coun­try have such a sup­ply along with 71pc of the planet’s pop­u­la­tion, ac­cord­ing to 2015 WHO fig­ures.

In re­la­tion to elec­tric­ity, World Bank fig­ures show that in 2014 a to­tal of 85.3pc of the world’s pop­u­la­tion had ac­cess to elec­tric­ity, although in many places this could be a re­stricted sup­ply op­er­at­ing for a few hours a day.

How­ever, in Sub-Sa­ha­ran Africa the fig­ure is a mere 37.4pc with poorer coun­tries such as Malawi at 11.9pc and South Su­dan as low as 4.5pc.

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