REDNESS, dryness and irritation of the skin is called dermatitis. Eczema typically causes skin to become dry red, scaling and itchy. It may become infected, leading to bubbles that can weep or ooze fluid and the skin can become broken form repeated scratching.
Over time, skin can ultimately become thickened and chronically inflamed. In babies, the first area affected is usually the face, then as they crawl it often spreads to the front surface of the legs and outer elbows. In older children, it usually settles in the skin folds such as inside elbows and behind the knees.
Dermatitis of the face and mouth area may be due to other causes. Angular stomatitis can cause uncomfortable cracking, redness, scaling, bleeding and ulceration of the corners of the mouth. This may affect one or both sides of the mouth. Angular chelitis may be caused by bacteria, candida infection, and nutritional deficiency or due to other conditions such as eczema, local allergy to nickel in metal braces, drooling or altered anatomy of the angles of the mouth.
Those who suffer with chronic dermatitis or dry skin may be prone to licking their lips, causing a lip lick dermatitis, which can perpetuate the irritation and inflammation of theskin.
One of the more common causes is infection with staphylococcus. This is a bacterium that normally lives on the skin. When skin becomes red or inflamed, breaking down this bacteria may increase leading to further inflammation and infection.
Candida is another common cause and if antibacterial didn’t work, an anti fungal cream may also help. A cream with hydrocortisone is often more effective as the steroid will also help reduce inflammation. These creams need to be applied several times a day