HYDRADENITIS suppurativa (HS), is a condition that results in painful lumps under the skin. These lumps typically occur in places where there is friction or skin rubs together. It is most common in the armpits, the upper thighs and in the groin area. The condition is three times more common in women than men. There is also an increased risk on those who smoke and those who are overweight or obese.
The lumps can be come painful as they enlarge, especially those deep in the skin layers. They can then rupture, extruding purulent or blood stained fluid, which can smell at times. As these ruptured lumps heal they can cause scarring, which may over time develop into tunnels of scar tissue under the skin.
The cause of HS is unknown. It rarely occurs before puberty and often settles after menopause, so it is thought hormones may play a role. The condition can run in families. The immune system may also play a role. The important thing to know is that HS is not contagious and it is not a condition of poor hygiene.
HS may flare quite suddenly. When this occurs a course of antibiotics is often required to help things settle down. The goal of medical treatment is to manage and reduce breakouts and to prevent the scarring and tunnelling that can occur.
Acne washes and treatment or mild bleach baths — (check with your GP first) — may help reduce the risk of further breakouts occurring. Hormones such as the contraceptive pill can help in some women. Metformin, a drug use in Type 2 diabetes, is sometimes tried. Steroid injections into larger lumps may help reduce inflammation, but these are not used as often as other treatments. More recently drugs that act on the immune system have shown some benefit. These need to be
Eprescribed by a specialist and close observation will be required.
For those with problematic scarring, surgery may be an option. There are a number of methods used. These vary form simple incision and drainage of abscess to more invasive surgery removing
My seven-year-old daughter has just developed some unsightly looking scabs around her
nostrils. Is this from a recent cold, or could it be something more sinister?
CZEMA typically causes skin to become dry, red, scaling and itchy. It may become infected leading to bubbles that can weep or ooze fluid. The skin can become broken from repeated scratching. When the skin is infected, impetigo may occur.
This is a highly contagious infection that spreads easily through families and crèches where close skin contact is common. The irritated skin forms crusted straw-coloured bubbles or scabs. Mild impetigo usually responds very well to antibiotic cream. More advanced cases will require an oral antibiotic also. the scarred or affected tissue.
Lifestyle and prevention do play a role. There is a suggested link with metabolic syndrome, which is associated with a diet high in refined carbohydrates. Eating a healthy diet with plenty fruit, veg and unprocessed
Herpes simplex 1 virus (HSV-1), or cold sores may be another cause of crusted skin around the nose area. HSV-1 virus is passed on by close contact with someone who is actively shedding the virus. Once a person has contracted the virus, it then lays dormant in nerve cells, but can be activated repeatedly over a lifetime due to a number of triggers.
The main cause of a cold-sore flare is usually a dip in the immune system. Cold sores most commonly occur around the lips, but can spread to other parts of the face or body. Symptoms commonly start with pain or tingling around the lip. This is followed carbs may help. Those who smoke should stop completely. Reaching and maintaining a healthy weight is important and following a simple skin care routine also helps. Cleanse the skin with a gentle cleanser designed for irritated or acne prone skin. Avoid wearing tight constrictive clothing. Loose cotton clothes will cause less friction and irritation. If an abscess is present, don’t squeeze or put pressure on it. It will make things worse. Avoid shaving during a break-out. A hot compress or a hot teabag will help ease inflammation and make skin more comfortable. For those who like to try complementary methods, zinc supplements may help reduce inflammation and breakouts.
If simple treatment and lifestyle aren’t working, it is worth seeking the opinion of a dermatologist who may prescribe a more intensive treatment option.
a few days later by the development of painful red blisters, which ultimately break, ooze and then form a yellowish crust.
The usual duration of a flare is 10 to 14 days. Cold sores are highly contagious from the time they flare, until the skin has fully crusted over and is healed. Antiviral creams such as acyclovir, can be helpful if applied at the first sign of a flare and can be purchased without a prescription at your local pharmacy. If symptoms are severe, or if sores are near the eye, it is important to see your GP as prescription antiviral tablets will be required.
1. Leg press
3. Incline press
4. Bench press
5. Pullover with a dumbbell
6. Pec Deck
7. Military press
8. Bicep curl
9. Upright rowing
10. Triceps pressdown
11. Lat pulldown
Do three sets of 15 repetitions to be completed in 45 minutes. Then cool down for five minutes with a stretch. Ask your trainer to implement this sequence for six weeks and see the results.
is not contagious
Research from the University of Calgary found that regular lovemaking reduces stress, lowers cholesterol and boosts brain cells. While a separate study at also found that being intimate with a loving partner can halve the likelihood of death from any cause over a 10-year period.
Yet, intimacy goes beyond releasing happy hormones, it releases and assimilates the growth of healthy brain cells which can prevent dementia.
Their recommendation is to make love at least twice a week for the best results. The effect of having someone in your life that is mad about you gives you a warm glow inside and helps you grow as a person.
To love somebody you have to love yourself first, only then can you give love back. So, go for it.