Bladder cancer Facts, risks and symptoms
Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in Ireland for men and the 12th most common for women. It is a disease that occurs when cancer cells develop in the lining or the wall of the bladder. Patients can be diagnosed with one of two types of bladder cancers: non-muscle invasive( in the lining of the bladder) and muscle-invasive (within the deeper muscle of the bladder).
It occurs more frequently in older men and women with approximately 60 per cent of bladder cancers diagnosed after the age of 70 years. (The risk of developing bladder cancer up to the age of 74 was one in 212 for women and one in 72 for men, according to the National Cancer Registry).
The leading risk factor for bladder cancer is tobacco smoking. Almost two-thirds of bladder cancers in men and one-third in women are considered to be due to smoking. Patients who smoke who stop smoking can significantly reduce their risk of developing bladder cancer.
Passing or finding blood in the urine is the most common symptom in bladder cancer patients and occurs in more than 80 per cent of cases.