Blad­der can­cer Facts, risks and symp­toms

The Irish Times - Tuesday - Health - - Cancer - mariekeat­­cer­in­for­ma­tion/blad­der-can­cer/

Blad­der can­cer is the fourth most com­mon can­cer in Ire­land for men and the 12th most com­mon for women. It is a dis­ease that oc­curs when can­cer cells de­velop in the lin­ing or the wall of the blad­der. Pa­tients can be di­ag­nosed with one of two types of blad­der can­cers: non-mus­cle in­va­sive( in the lin­ing of the blad­der) and mus­cle-in­va­sive (within the deeper mus­cle of the blad­der).

It oc­curs more fre­quently in older men and women with ap­prox­i­mately 60 per cent of blad­der can­cers di­ag­nosed af­ter the age of 70 years. (The risk of de­vel­op­ing blad­der can­cer up to the age of 74 was one in 212 for women and one in 72 for men, ac­cord­ing to the Na­tional Can­cer Reg­istry).

The lead­ing risk fac­tor for blad­der can­cer is tobacco smok­ing. Al­most two-thirds of blad­der can­cers in men and one-third in women are con­sid­ered to be due to smok­ing. Pa­tients who smoke who stop smok­ing can sig­nif­i­cantly re­duce their risk of de­vel­op­ing blad­der can­cer.

Pass­ing or finding blood in the urine is the most com­mon symp­tom in blad­der can­cer pa­tients and oc­curs in more than 80 per cent of cases.

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