App dav­ve­ro “spa­zia­li”

Spa­tial Apps for a Spa­tial Age

Abitare - - SOMMARIO - txt Mar­co Con­so­li il­lu­stra­tions Ro­ber­to Ric­ci

txt mar­co con­so­li il­lu­stra­tions ro­ber­to ric­ci

| Ba­sa­ta su nuo­vi soft­ware, l’ul­ti­ma ge­ne­ra­zio­ne di stru­men­ti di­gi­ta­li per ar­chi­tet­ti (e non so­lo) fa­ci­li­ta il ri­lie­vo di am­bien­ti ed edi­fi­ci. E of­fre la pos­si­bi­li­tà di “viag­gia­re” ne­gli interni pri­ma che sia­no co­strui­ti, per de­fi­nir­ne ogni aspet­to. Evi­tan­do co­sì le brut­te sor­pre­se / Ba­sed on new soft­ware, a new ge­ne­ra­tion of di­gi­tal tools for ar­chi­tec­ts (and others) aids the sur­vey of spa­ces and buil­dings – and of­fers the pos­si­bi­li­ty of “ex­plo­ring” interiors be­fo­re they are con­struc­ted, in or­der to de­fi­ne eve­ry de­tail, as well as avoi­ding un­plea­sant sur­pri­ses

CO­ME STARÀ QUEL DI­VA­NO NEL MIO SA­LOT­TO? L’in­ter­ro­ga­ti­vo af­flig­ge­va l’ac­qui­ren­te 1.0 che do­ve­va fa­re uno sfor­zo d’im­ma­gi­na­zio­ne pri­ma di com­pra­re un ar­re­do. L’im­pas­se ora è su­pe­ra­to dal­la real­tà au­men­ta­ta, che per­met­te di so­vrap­por­re l’im­ma­gi­ne tri­di­men­sio­na­le del di­va­no a quel­la del sa­lot­to (in­qua­dra­to con lo smart­pho­ne o il ta­blet). È la ri­vo­lu­zio­ne dei nuo­vi soft­ware ARKit e ARCo­re, lan­cia­ti di re­cen­te ri­spet­ti­va­men­te da Ap­ple e Goo­gle: con la fo­to­ca­me­ra dei te­le­fo­ni di ul­ti­ma ge­ne­ra­zio­ne si può non so­lo fo­to­gra­fa­re la real­tà, ma an­che mi­su­ra­re le di­stan­ze e le di­men­sio­ni, con­sen­ten­do l’in­tro­du­zio­ne rea­li­sti­ca di og­get­ti 3D nel­lo spa­zio, e il ri­lie­vo de­gli am­bien­ti. Di con­se­guen­za, si stan­no mol­ti­pli­can­do le app com­mer­cia­li che per­met­to­no di so­vrap­por­re rea­le e vir­tua­le: da Ikea Pla­ce a Room­le, fino a Ma­gic Plan, che mi­su­ra gli am­bien­ti e ne crea la pian­ta, da ar­re­da­re poi vir­tual­men­te. Per chi in­ve­ce ha so­lo bi­so­gno di mi­su­re (per esem­pio da in­via­re al pro­fes- WHAT WILL THAT SO­FA LOOK LI­KE IN MY LI­VING ROOM? The que­stion used to nag the buyer 1.0, who had to ma­ke an ef­fort of ima­gi­na­tion be­fo­re pur­cha­sing a pie­ce of fur­ni­tu­re. This im­pas­se has now been over­co­me thanks to aug­men­ted rea­li­ty, whi­ch ma­kes it pos­si­ble to su­pe­rim­po­se a th­ree­di­men­sio­nal ima­ge of the so­fa on that of the li­ving room (shoo­ting it wi­th a smart­pho­ne or ta­blet). This is the re­vo­lu­tion brought by new ARKit and ARCo­re soft­ware, re­cen­tly laun­ched by Ap­ple and Goo­gle re­spec­ti­ve­ly. New ca­me­ras whi­ch co­me wi­th the la­te­st ge­ne­ra­tion of te­le­pho­nes can be used not ju­st to ta­ke pic­tu­res, but al­so to mea­su­re di­stan­ces and di­men­sions, al­lo­wing for the rea­li­stic in­ser­tion of 3D ob­jec­ts in spa­ce and the sur­vey of spa­ces. As a con­se­quen­ce, the num­ber of com­mer­cial apps that al­low the real and vir­tual to be su­pe­rim­po­sed are mul­ti­ply­ing: from Ikea Pla­ce to Room­le and Ma­gic Plan, whi­ch mea­su­res rooms and dra­ws a plan of them that can then be fur­ni­shed vir­tual­ly. For tho­se who on­ly

sio­ni­sta che do­vrà di­se­gna­re la cu­ci­na) ci so­no ap­pli­ca­zio­ni co­me Ai­rMea­su­re e Mea­su­reKit. La real­tà au­men­ta­ta sta di­ven­tan­do uno stru­men­to mol­to uti­liz­za­to an­che dai pro­fes­sio­ni­sti. Lo stu­dio Darf Design, per esem­pio, ha crea­to AR­ki, un pro­gram­ma con cui gli ar­chi­tet­ti pos­so­no non sol­tan­to vi­sua­liz­za­re un pro­get­to in 3D nel luo­go in cui an­drà col­lo­ca­to, ma an­che ac­ce­de­re a una se­rie di ani­ma­zio­ni in tem­po rea­le per ve­de­re le om­bre che l’edi­fi­cio pro­iet­ta du­ran­te l’ar­co del gior­no, per vi­sua­liz­zar­lo di not­te con le lu­ci ac­ce­se, scom­por­ne la fac­cia­ta e “vi­si­tar­ne” gli interni men­tre ci si gi­ra at­tor­no co­me se fos­se da­van­ti a sé. In ma­nie­ra ana­lo­ga, l’ame­ri­ca­na So­li­d­haus ha rea­liz­za­to un soft­ware con cui si pos­so­no ana­liz­za­re i mo­del­li in di­ret­ta con i pro­pri col­la­bo­ra­to­ri, o di­scu­ter­ne i det­ta­gli e va­lu­tar­li col clien­te pri­ma che ven­ga co­strui­to. Que­sta tec­no­lo­gia, di­co­no gli esper­ti, sa­rà mol­to uti­le an­che nel set­to­re im­mo­bi­lia­re: la so­cie­tà Aug­ment, per esem­pio, ha col­la­bo­ra­to con il grup­po In­ver­ca­sa per po­ter ac­ce­de­re al mo­del­lo 3D di un nuo­vo complesso re­si­den­zia­le clic­can­do sul­la pian­ta, dan­do an­che la pos­si­bi­li­tà agli ac­qui­ren­ti di “ag­gi­rar­si” vir­tual­men­te nell’edi­fi­cio in ven­di­ta e ne­gli ap­par­ta­men­ti, per va­lu­tar­ne ogni det­ta­glio. E se im­pu­gna­re uno smart­pho­ne o un ta­blet può sem­bra­re or­mai mac­chi­no­so, per far coe­si­ste­re im­ma­gi­ni rea­li e di­gi­ta­li il fu­tu­ro pro­spet­ta oc­chia­li e vi­so­ri: agli at­tua­li “car­roz­za­ti” e co­sto­si Mi­cro­soft Ho­lo­lens e Vu­zix Bla­de si af­fian­che­ran­no mo­del­li sem­pre più leg­ge­ri ed eco­no­mi­ci. ○ need to ta­ke mea­su­re­men­ts ( for in­stan­ce to send to a pro­fes­sio­nal who is going to design a kit­chen for them) there are ap­pli­ca­tions li­ke Ai­rMea­su­re and Mea­su­reKit. Aug­men­ted rea­li­ty is al­so be­co­ming an in­stru­ment wi­de­ly used by pro­fes­sio­nals. The Darf Design stu­dio, for exam­ple, has crea­ted AR­ki, a pro­gram that ar­chi­tec­ts can use not ju­st to vi­sua­li­ze a buil­ding in 3D in the lo­ca­tion in whi­ch it will be pla­ced, but al­so to ac­cess a se­ries of ani­ma­tions in real ti­me in or­der to see the sha­do­ws that it will ca­st over the cour­se of the day and what it will look li­ke at night wi­th the lights swit­ched on, or to ta­ke away its faça­de and “vi­sit” the interiors by wan­de­ring around them as if they we­re in­si­de. In si­mi­lar fa­shion, the Ame­ri­can com­pa­ny So­li­d­haus has crea­ted a pie­ce of soft­ware wi­th whi­ch mo­dels can be ana­ly­sed in di­rect con­tact wi­th col­la­bo­ra­tors, or their de­tails di­scus­sed and eva­lua­ted wi­th the client be­fo­re work starts. This tech­no­lo­gy, say the ex­perts, will pro­ve useful in the real esta­te sec­tor too. The Aug­ment com­pa­ny, for exam­ple, has wor­ked wi­th the In­ver­ca­sa group to pro­vi­de ac­cess to the 3D mo­del of a new re­si­den­tial complex by clic­king on its plan, ma­king it pos­si­ble for would-be buyers to “walk” vir­tual­ly around a buil­ding or flat for sa­le and as­sess eve­ry de­tail. And if using a smart­pho­ne or a ta­blet may seem a bit clun­ky by now, the fu­tu­re will al­low us to use gog­gles and head­se­ts to ma­ke real and di­gi­tal ima­ges coe­xi­st. Soon, bul­ky and co­stly Mi­cro­soft Ho­lo­lens and Vu­zix Bla­de will be joi­ned by ever lighter and chea­per mo­dels. ○

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