The day when it all ended. His­toric notes

Where Naples Coast & Islands - - Museums & Attractions -

The first sta­ble set­tle­ment in

Pom­peii was founded around the sev­enth cen­tury B. C. by the indige­nous pop­u­la­tion of the Os­cans, sub­se­quently be­ing sub­jected to the po­lit­i­cal and cul­tural in­flu­ence of the Greeks and the Etr­uscans. To­wards the end of the fifth cen­tury B. C. Pom­peii also fell un­der the sphere of in­flu­ence of the San­nites, who took pos­ses­sion of the whole of Cam­pa­nia, es­tab­lish­ing a flour­ish­ing civ­i­liza­tion. Rome also took part in the in­ter­minable suc­ces­sion of wars that fol­lowed ( 343- 201 B. C.), be­com­ing the dom­i­nant power of the en­tire re­gion, re­sult­ing in its de­vel­op­ment as a thriv­ing port and trad­ing cen­tre. Pom­peii ex­pe­ri­enced a pe­riod of enor­mous pros­per­ity ap­par­ent in the con­struc­tion of lux­u­ri­ous dwellings like Casa del Fauno. Start­ing from the first cen­tury B. C., Pom­peii’s wealth con­tin­ued to be based, for the most part, on the trade of prod­ucts sourced from around the area: wine, wool and garum, a fa­mous fish sauce used as a condi­ment. The dev­as­tat­ing erup­tion of

Ve­su­vius in 79 A. D. in­volved the south- western area of Ve­su­vius, caus­ing all signs of life to dis­ap­pear un­der a thick crust of vol­canic ash. In Rome, Em­peror Ti­tus, cre­ated a spe­cial sen­a­to­rial com­mit­tee to or­ga­nize the res­cue of its sur­vivors and as­sess the ex­tent of the dam­age in a bid to re­build the city. All in vain: Pom­peii had been al­most en­tirely buried by the fury of the vol­cano, while Her­cu­la­neum had dis­ap­peared com­pletely.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Italy

© PressReader. All rights reserved.