The day when it all ended. Historic notes
The first stable settlement in
Pompeii was founded around the seventh century B. C. by the indigenous population of the Oscans, subsequently being subjected to the political and cultural influence of the Greeks and the Etruscans. Towards the end of the fifth century B. C. Pompeii also fell under the sphere of influence of the Sannites, who took possession of the whole of Campania, establishing a flourishing civilization. Rome also took part in the interminable succession of wars that followed ( 343- 201 B. C.), becoming the dominant power of the entire region, resulting in its development as a thriving port and trading centre. Pompeii experienced a period of enormous prosperity apparent in the construction of luxurious dwellings like Casa del Fauno. Starting from the first century B. C., Pompeii’s wealth continued to be based, for the most part, on the trade of products sourced from around the area: wine, wool and garum, a famous fish sauce used as a condiment. The devastating eruption of
Vesuvius in 79 A. D. involved the south- western area of Vesuvius, causing all signs of life to disappear under a thick crust of volcanic ash. In Rome, Emperor Titus, created a special senatorial committee to organize the rescue of its survivors and assess the extent of the damage in a bid to rebuild the city. All in vain: Pompeii had been almost entirely buried by the fury of the volcano, while Herculaneum had disappeared completely.