HISTORY OF CHINA
AS ONE of four great ancient civilized nations, China is endowed with timehonoured history of more than 5,000 years. As is known, the famous Yellow River and Yangtze River are the place where the Chinese nation originated. It was legendarily told that it was the earliest ancestor named Pangu who created the universe and Chinese nation later on. From then on, Chinese history begins. Actually, recorded Chinese history is about 4,000 years, which is started from the Shang Dynasty. The long history of China could be generally divided into three periods: the ancient times, imperial times, and modern times.
XIA DYNASTY (2070 BC-1600 BC)
Xia is the first ancient dynasty in Chinese history, which has a history of 500 years, dating from 2,100 BC to 1,600 BC. It was during the Xia dynasty period that the first calendar system was created.
SHANG DYNASTY (1600 BC-1029 BC)
It was in Shang dynasty that the first Chinese character named oracle was created, which was written on the bones of animals.
ZHOU DYNASTY (1,100 BC-256 BC)
The history of Zhou dynasty could be dated back from 1,100 BC to o 256 BC, lasting about 850 years. In Zhou period, bronze ware was produced, which was featured in shapes and sophisticated in technique.
QIN DYNASTY (221 BC-206 BC)
In the year of 221 BC, Qingshihuang, the first emperor in Chinese history, united China and created the first united countryQing Dynasty. It was in Qing dynasty that the world-famous Great Wall was built.
HAN DYNASTY (206 BC-220 AD)
Founded by Liu bei, Han Dynasty enjoys a history of 78 years, from 202 BC to 280 AD. In Han dynasty, philosophy of Confucianism first became the solo thought in Chinese history.
SUI DYNASTY (581 AD-618 AD)
In Sui dynasty, China was reunited and the economy was recovered.
Tang Dynasty is the most prosperous period in Chinese history, which enjoys the most advanced technology. So the history of this period has a significant influence to the modern China. It was in Tang Dynasty that Buddhism became the predominant religion adopted by the imperial family, and civilians and the glorious Silk Road commercial route was created. The Silk Road is the most well-known trading route in ancient China. The highlighted places covered in Silk Road in China are Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Urumqi, Turpan and Kashgar.
SONG DYNASTY (960 AD-1279 AD)
Song dynasty could be divided into two periods, Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) and Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279). Song Dynasty was founded in 960 by Zhao Kuangyin and established its capital in Kaifeng (originally called Bianjing). During Song dynasty, the technology and science were all highly developed, and some technologies were discovered thousands of years earlier than that of other countries in the world.
YUAN DYNASTY (1279 AD-1368 AD)
Yuan Dynasty was found by a Mongolian named Genghis Khan, who reunited China again. During his supreme period, the economy flourished.
MING DYNASTY (1368 AD-1644 AD)
Founded by Zhu Yuanzhang, Ming Dynasty enjoys a history of 276 years, from 1368 AD to 1644 AD.
QING DYNASTY (1644 AD-1911 AD)
Qing is the last Chinese dynasty in history, which marks the beginning of modern China. From then on, the modern Chinese history begins. Established by the Manchu People, the Qing Dynasty has a history of 268 years, from 1644 AD-1911 AD.
REPUBLIC OF CHINA (1911 AD-1949 AD)
In the year of 1911, Dr Sun Yat-sen led Xinhai Revolution and overthrew the last feudal dynasty in Chinese history and established the Republic of China, which marks one of the greatest events in the modern history of China.
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
In 1949, Mao Zedong founded the People’s Republic of China; a nation thriving in aspects of economy, politics and culture. China has become one of the most powerful countries in the world. Republic of China are greatly appreciated.
The Mandarin language training programme for children and adults at the CBA Centre operates in partnership with the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office and is facilitated by the Chinese Embassy in kingston.
As usual, the CBA will commemorate China National Day, and this year it will be even more special as it is also our 125th anniversary. So today Saturday, October 1, we will be hosting a gala dinner dance with veteran musical icons – Sonny Wong and Keith Lyn with Sparkles spinning the oldies.
On behalf of the CBA, I wish all Chinese Nationals in Jamaica all the best as they celebrate China National Day. DAMIAN CHIN President, Chinese Benevolent Association
TANG DYNASTY (618 AD-907 AD)