Preva­lence of di­a­betes

Jamaica Gleaner - - DIABETES WEEK FEATURE - Lurline Less Ex­ec­u­tive Chair­man Di­a­betes As­so­ci­a­tion of Ja­maica

LAT­EST STA­TIS­TICS from Min­istry of Health shows 13.6 per cent preva­lence of DM in adult Ja­maican pop­u­la­tion, ap­prox­i­mately 250,000 per­sons. Twenty five per cent are not aware of their con­di­tion.

Di­a­betes – sec­ond lead­ing cause of death for Ja­maicans; Lead­ing cause of death for Ja­maican women;

Third lead­ing cause of death for Ja­maican men.

What is di­a­betes?

Di­a­betes is a group of dis­eases marked by high lev­els of blood sugar re­sult­ing from in­suf­fi­cient in­sulin pro­duc­tion, in­sulin ac­tion, or both. If not man­aged, di­a­betes can lead to se­ri­ous com­pli­ca­tions and pre­ma­ture death.

Types of di­a­betes

Type 1 di­a­betes – the body does not make in­sulin. In­sulin helps the body use glu­cose from food for en­ergy. Peo­ple with type 1 need to take in­sulin ev­ery day.

Type 2 di­a­betes – the body does not make or use in­sulin well. Peo­ple with type 2 of­ten need to take pills or in­sulin. Type 2 is the most com­mon form of di­a­betes. Type 2 di­a­betes is in­creas­ingly be­ing di­ag­nosed in chil­dren and ado­les­cents

Risk Fac­tors of type 2 di­a­betes

Over­weight 40 years old or older Fam­ily mem­bers with di­a­betes

Ges­ta­tional di­a­betes or gave birth to at least one baby weigh­ing more than nine pounds.

Symp­toms of di­a­betes

Thirst, tired­ness, fre­quent uri­na­tion, blurred vi­sion, hun­gry all the time, weight loss, fa­tigue, sores that won’t heal.

Man­age­ment of Di­a­betes

Stud­ies show that good self­man­age­ment can de­lay or pre­vent the on­set of com­pli­ca­tions. Man­age­ment in­cludes: un­der­stand­ing di­a­betes; med­i­cal con­sul­ta­tion; nu­tri­tion coun­selling; phys­i­cal ac­tiv­i­ties; take med­i­ca­tion as pre­scribed; mon­i­tor blood sugar lev­els (at home) and HbA1c test done ev­ery three months; mon­i­tor of eyes, heart, kid­ney and feet.

Com­pli­ca­tions of di­a­betes

Blind­ness, blood ves­sel and heart dis­ease, stroke, kid­ney fail­ure, nerve dam­age and am­pu­ta­tions, sex­ual dys­func­tion.

What is HbA1c com­monly re­ferred to as A1c?

The A1C test is a com­mon blood test used to mea­sure the con­trol of type 1 and type 2; to see how well di­a­betes is be­ing man­aged. High A1c result shows poor di­a­betes con­trol and in­creased risk of com­pli­ca­tions. A1c tar­gets for per­sons with di­a­betes is seven per cent.

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