Prevalence of diabetes
LATEST STATISTICS from Ministry of Health shows 13.6 per cent prevalence of DM in adult Jamaican population, approximately 250,000 persons. Twenty five per cent are not aware of their condition.
Diabetes – second leading cause of death for Jamaicans; Leading cause of death for Jamaican women;
Third leading cause of death for Jamaican men.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood sugar resulting from insufficient insulin production, insulin action, or both. If not managed, diabetes can lead to serious complications and premature death.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes – the body does not make insulin. Insulin helps the body use glucose from food for energy. People with type 1 need to take insulin every day.
Type 2 diabetes – the body does not make or use insulin well. People with type 2 often need to take pills or insulin. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents
Risk Factors of type 2 diabetes
Overweight 40 years old or older Family members with diabetes
Gestational diabetes or gave birth to at least one baby weighing more than nine pounds.
Symptoms of diabetes
Thirst, tiredness, frequent urination, blurred vision, hungry all the time, weight loss, fatigue, sores that won’t heal.
Management of Diabetes
Studies show that good selfmanagement can delay or prevent the onset of complications. Management includes: understanding diabetes; medical consultation; nutrition counselling; physical activities; take medication as prescribed; monitor blood sugar levels (at home) and HbA1c test done every three months; monitor of eyes, heart, kidney and feet.
Complications of diabetes
Blindness, blood vessel and heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, nerve damage and amputations, sexual dysfunction.
What is HbA1c commonly referred to as A1c?
The A1C test is a common blood test used to measure the control of type 1 and type 2; to see how well diabetes is being managed. High A1c result shows poor diabetes control and increased risk of complications. A1c targets for persons with diabetes is seven per cent.