Key facts about Cas­tro

Jamaica Gleaner - - FRONT PAGE -

Jan­uary 1, 1959 — Cas­tro’s rebels take power as dic­ta­tor Ful­gen­cio Batista flees Cuba.

June 1960 — Cuba na­tion­alises USowned oil re­finer­ies af­ter they refuse to process Soviet oil. Nearly all other US busi­nesses ex­pro­pri­ated by Oc­to­ber.

Oc­to­ber 1960 — Wash­ing­ton bans ex­ports to Cuba, other than food and medicine.

April 16, 1961 — Cas­tro de­clares Cuba a so­cial­ist state.

April 17, 1961 — Bay of Pigs: CIAbacked Cuban ex­iles stage failed in­va­sion.

Fe­bru­ary 7, 1962 — Wash­ing­ton bans all Cuban im­ports.

Oc­to­ber 1962 — US block­ade forces re­moval of Soviet nu­clear mis­siles from Cuba. US Pres­i­dent John F. Kennedy agrees pri­vately not to in­vade Cuba.

March 1968 — Cas­tro’s gov­ern­ment takes over al­most all pri­vate busi­nesses.

April 1980 — Mariel boatlift: Cuba says any­one can leave; some 125,000 Cubans flee.

De­cem­ber 1991 — Col­lapse of Soviet Union dev­as­tates Cuban econ­omy.

Au­gust 1994 — Cas­tro de­clares he will not stop Cubans try­ing to leave; some 40,000 take to the sea head­ing for United States.

March 18, 2003 — 75 Cuban dis­si­dents sen­tenced to prison.

July 31, 2006 — Cas­tro an­nounces he has had op­er­a­tion, tem­po­rar­ily cedes power to brother Raul.

Fe­bru­ary 19, 2008 — Cas­tro re­signs as pres­i­dent.

July 2010 — Cas­tro re-emerges af­ter years in seclu­sion, vis­it­ing a sci­en­tific in­sti­tute, giv­ing a TV in­ter­view, talk­ing to aca­demics and even tak­ing in a dol­phin show at the aquar­ium.

April 19, 2011 — Cas­tro is re­placed by his brother Raul as first sec­re­tary of the Com­mu­nist Party, the last of­fi­cial post he held. The el­der Cas­tro made a brief ap­pear­ance at the Congress, look­ing frail as a young aide guided him to his seat.

April 19, 2016 —Cas­tro de­liv­ers a vale­dic­tory speech at the Com­mu­nist Party’s sev­enth Congress, declar­ing that “soon I’ll be like all the oth­ers. The time will come for all of us, but the ideas of the Cuban com­mu­nists will re­main.” Novem­ber 25, 2016 — Fidel Cas­tro dies.

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