New iphone takes features from Asia and adds profit
is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist
WWhile the latest iphones boast big upgrades, much would be familiar to users of Samsung or Huawei phones. Apple’s branding wizardry, price discipline and focus on richer customers set it apart when it comes to the bottom line.
The new phones, unveiled on Tuesday, boast numerous improvements. Key selling points include wireless charg- ing, bigger screens powered by cutting-edge OLED display technology, and advanced cameras that allow facial recognition and augmented reality.
Yet none of this is revolutionary. Flagship phones from South Korea’s Samsung already have OLED displays, facial recognition and wireless charging. And China’s dominant, privately owned handset makers —Huawei, OPPO, and Vivo — cram new features into affordable phones. OPPO devices can be 75 per cent charged in less than half an hour, a more useful trait than wireless charging. Meanwhile, Huawei is set to launch a new phone with artificial intelligence-powered features, like instant translation and image recognition.
Yet Tim Cook’s $831 billion (Sh85.6 trillion) company is way ahead when it comes to profitability. Last year, Apple accounted for a whopping 79 per cent of all the smartphone industry’s operating profit, according to Strategy Analytics. To compare, Samsung and Huawei captured just 15 and two per cent respectively. Apple’s brand and market power help explain its superior operating margins, which analysts estimate to be more than 30 per cent for handsets. At $999 (Sh103,000), the new top-of-the range iphone X will be a luxury status symbol, particularly in faster-growing emerging markets like China and India.
And Apple’s sheer size helps it negotiate favourable prices from suppliers that are dependent on the iphone. This benefit is not open to its smaller competitors, although Samsung also enjoys huge scale. And unlike rivals that compete on price in the lower and mid-end segments, Apple is focused on winning over richer users, meaning higher margins for each device.
Customs agencies, globally, are facing the emerging dilemma of balancing demands to improve trade facilitation while at the same time meeting increasing needs for compliance.
They are under pressure to deliver customer-focused services, collect accurate revenues and prevent illegal trade within the constraints of limited resources. This calls for modernisation of customs administration to deliver agility, accuracy, security, and transparency using systems that are empowering rather than restrictive.
It is for this reason that the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) is implementing the Integrated Customs Management System (ICMS).
This system consolidates all the existing customs systems into one modern, robust and more efficient system built on the latest technology with capability of seamlessly interfacing with other internal and external systems as need arises.
The system is bound to be a game-changer in customs processing as it will align operations with international best practices and improve the ease of doing business not only in Kenya but also the in East African Community (EAC).
In line with the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) requirement for the simplification and harmonisation of international trade procedures, ICMS promises to further simplify and optimise customs processes.
The changes involve coming up with a new system that incorporates all the subsystems built around the main clearance system as well newly defined functionalities.
The current customs system, Simba 2005/2014, runs on a multiplicity of sub-systems and requires multiple points of authentication for users hence sometimes takes more time. But with the new system, it is envisioned that clearance time for imports and exports will reduce by at least 60 per cent. For a long time, all EAC member states, except Kenya, have been using the Automated System for Customs Data (Asycuda). The ICMS is now able to exchange customs declaration information with Asycuda.
This is of great benefit to countries that rely on Mombasa port. With the new ICMS, all countries that have been using Mombasa port will be able to track the movement of their cargo. The issue of possible diversion of transit goods into the local market or disappearance of containers will be a thing of the past. Further, the new system has friendly interactive capabilities that will eliminate redundant processes, automate manual and semi-manual processes, and incorporate robust management in all customs transactions.
This will pave the way for the era when traders will be enabled to make their own cargo self-declarations.
In addition, the ICMS solution comes with best practice features including auto-upload of cargo import data from shipping manifest to prevent import falsification, auto-exchange of information with itax to counter non-compliant traders and a virtual electronic auction platform to make customs cargo auctions accessible to all.
This level of improvement for Kenya’s customs processes and procedures will allow for less paperwork and thus faster clearance, to save not only money but also time in business transactions.
...diversion of transit goods into the local market or disappearance of containers will be a thing of the past