Background: Tundu Lissu is a Tanzanian lawyer and politician allied to the opposition party Chadema. and has been a Member of Parliament for Singida East constituency since 2010. Mr Lissu is also the President of Tanganyika Law Society the bar association of Tanzania mainland, and chief legal officer for Chadema. He is considered a major critic of President John Magufuli’s government. Since President Magufuli came to power in December 2015, Mr Lissu has been arrested nine times.