EA adopts en­ergy se­cu­rity pol­icy

The East African - - BUSINESS - By CHRISTABEL LIGAMI Spe­cial Cor­re­spon­dent

THE EAST African Com­mu­nity has adopted a pol­icy that will en­able coun­tries to man­age the se­cu­rity of their en­ergy sup­plies. The EAC be­comes the first bloc on the con­ti­nent to have such a pol­icy.

The En­ergy Se­cu­rity Pol­icy Frame­work comes at a time new dis­cov­er­ies of oil and gas re­serves have been made in Kenya, Uganda and Tan­za­nia.

El­sam Turya­habwe, an en­ergy ex­pert at the EAC Sec­re­tariat said the pol­icy will guide coun­tries as they im­ple­ment projects to boost ac­cess to en­ergy.

East African coun­tries have been de­pend­ing largely on im­ported re­fined petroleum.

Yo­hannes Hailu, an en­ergy economist at the United Na­tions Eco­nomic Com­mis­sion for Africa said the en­ergy frame­work will also ad­dress dis­rup­tions in the sup­ply of im­ported en­ergy, par­tic­u­larly hy­dro­car­bons, and sharp swings in prices, which un­der­mine the mo­men­tum of eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment tak­ing place in East Africa.

Pro­jec­tions

“Ac­tions are rec­om­mended to re­store oil and gas sup­plies se­cu­rity in ex­plo­ration and de­vel­op­mentce,” said Mr Hailu.

Pro­jec­tions show that the im­ple­men­ta­tion of planned en­ergy projects will see the re­gion reg­is­ter a sur­plus. For ex­am­ple, an ad­di­tional 5,000MW of power will give Kenya sur­plus ca­pac­ity in the 2018-2020 pe­riod. In Rwanda, gen­er­a­tion ex­pan­sion will see the coun­try ac­quire bet­ter sup­ply mar­gins, which is nar­row cur­rently. Uganda is ex­pected to have a sim­i­lar ex­pe­ri­ence askenya, with power sur­plus through 2030. Tan­za­nia’s power sup­ply mar­gin rel­a­tive to de­mand is ex­pected to hold in the 2016-18 pe­riod. How­ever, the mar­gin is ex­pected to nar­row in the 20182020 pe­riod.

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