So­ma­lia in a cri­sis as re­gions pull away from Mo­gadishu

The Na­tional Se­cu­rity Coun­cil to de­lib­er­ate con­cerns raised by lead­ers

The East African - - NEWS -

By FRED OLUOCH

So­ma­lia could be split into six re­gions af­ter five re­gional fed­eral states an­nounced that they would no longer co-op­er­ate with Mo­gadishu un­til their griev­ances about in­se­cu­rity, shar­ing of nat­u­ral re­sources and the in­ter­fer­ence by the cen­tral gov­ern­ment in their af­fairs are ad­dressed.

Fol­low­ing the Au­gust 8 an­nounce­ment, So­ma­lia Pres­i­dent Mo­hamed Ab­dul­lahi Mo­hamed Far­majo has called a Na­tional Se­cu­rity Coun­cil meet­ing on Septem­ber 17 which is ex­pected to de­lib­er­ate on the fu­ture of the fed­eral nation. It was not clear at the time of go­ing to press whether the five states will at­tend the meet­ing.

So­mali an­a­lysts said the de­ci­sion by the five re­gional pres­i­dents — Ab­di­weli Mo­hamed Ali Gaas (Punt­land), Ahmed Duale Gelle (Gal­mudug), Mo­hamed Abdi Ware (Hir­sha­belle), Sharif Has­san Sheikh Aden (South West State) and Sheikh Ahmed Madobe of Jub­ba­land — could em­bolden Al Shabaab and negate the gains made by the African Union Mis­sion in So­ma­lia (Ami­som) with the sup­port of the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity.

The five met un­der the aus­pices Coun­cil of In­ter­state Co-op­er­a­tion in Kis­mayu from Septem­ber 4 to 8, and re­solved to sus­pend their co-op­er­a­tion with the cen­tral gov­ern­ment.

“The Coun­cil ex­presses its con­cerns the deep­en­ing po­lit­i­cal cri­sis and grow­ing dif­fer­ences among the ma­jor stake­hold­ers of So­ma­lia. The in­ter­fer­ence in the in­ter­nal af­fairs of the fed­eral mem­ber states clearly un­der­mine the con­sti­tu­tion­ally man­dated sep­a­ra­tions of pow­ers,” they said in a state­ment.

Ab­di­rah­man Warsame, who was a pres­i­den­tial can­di­date in the Fe­bru­ary 2017 elec­tions, told that the strength of the re­la­tion­ship be­tween the cen­tral gov­ern­ment and fed­eral states will de­ter­mine the out­come of the war against ter­ror­ism, be­cause Ami­som is over­stretched and can­not lib­er­ate new ar­eas.

He said the So­ma­lia Nation- al Army is in­ca­pable of hold­ing on to lib­er­ated ar­eas be­cause it is de­mor­alised, lacks suf­fi­cient per­son­nel and is ill-trained and ill-equipped.

“The key and the cen­tral chal­lenge of de­feat­ing ter­ror­ist is to build a So­mali na­tional army and a So­mali po­lice force that are na­tion­ally re­spected,” said Mr Warsame.

Ab­dul­lahi Abdi Mo­hamed, chair­man of the Aratgi Wadaag, a pro-gov­ern­ment po­lit­i­cal think tank de­fended the pres­i­dent, say­ing the cen­tre had gone out of its way to en­gage fed­eral states. He said said there had been agree­ments on the na­tional se­cu­rity ar­chi­tec­ture and fi­nan­cial sup­port to fed­eral states fol­low­ing the in­creased sup­port from donors.

How­ever, he noted that the lead­ers were for­mer war­lords, who have lost sup­port form their fed­eral gov­ern­ments and found it dif­fi­cult to sur­vive a trans­par­ent and demo­cratic in­sti­tu­tions.

“Th­ese lead­ers are not will­ing to be held ac­count­able for their cur­rent and pre­vi­ous ac­tions, and are not will­ing to The de­fi­ant lead­ers have formed the Coun­cil for the Co-op­er­a­tion of Fed­eral Mem­ber States of So­ma­lia, even though the coun­try al­ready has the Na­tional Lead­ers’ Coun­cil that also in­cludes them and Pres­i­dent Mo­hamed Ab­dul­lahi Mo­hamed Far­majo. They also noted that the gov­ern­ment has dithered over the con­sti­tu­tion mak­ing process, say­ing it has done lit­tle to en­sure that the coun­try holds a one per­son one vote elec­tion in 2020. They added that there lacks a mech­a­nism for shar­ing re­sources be­tween the re­gional states and the cen­tral gov­ern­ment.

Pic­ture:

Ami­som sol­diers have been pro­vid­ing se­cu­rity in Mo­gadishu.

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