The key in­gre­di­ent still lack­ing is trust.”

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Shearer, hailed the agree­ment while warn­ing that the “great­est chal­lenges are yet to come.

“We need to be per­suaded by the demon­stra­tion of col­lec­tive po­lit­i­cal will of the par­ties to im­ple­ment an agreed and re­al­is­tic im­ple­men­ta­tion plan,” he said at Wed­nes­day’s sign­ing. “The key in­gre­di­ent still lack­ing is trust. Those sign­ing the agree­ment are for­mer friends and foes. From my dis­cus­sions with the par­ties, sus­pi­cion is wide­spread,” he said.

De­spite the deal, peace in South Su­dan re­mains shaky. Un­like the 2015 agree­ment that was met with ju­bi­la­tion and cel­e­bra­tions in the whole coun­try, the sign­ing David Shearer, head of United Na­tions Mis­sion in South Su­dan of the Re­vi­talised Peace Agree­ment did not elicit much ex­cite­ment. Most South Su­danese have adopted a wait and see stance.

Many of the con­cerns stem from the Troika — the US, UK and Nor­way — the ma­jor fun­ders of the South Su­dan peace process and the key donors to the coun­try. The three coun­tries did not guar­an­tee the agree­ment as they did in 2015.

Jer­va­sio Okot, a South Su­danese po­lit­i­cal an­a­lyst based in Kenya, said that the scep­ti­cal mood in Juba is an in­di­ca­tion that the cit­i­zens do not trust the politi­cians to im­ple­ment a per­ma­nent cease­fire, and that the re­fusal by the Troika to guar­an­tee the deal points to donors with­hold­ing funds for its im­ple­men­ta­tion. Just hours af­ter the sign­ing, the gov­ern­ment forces en­gaged with Dr Machar’s forces in heavy fight­ing in Kendiri and Man­ga­lo­tore in Kajo-keji County

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