We have faced challenges over court orders rejected by banks that require them to submit certain client information.”
Some of the group’s real estate are located in Tanzania, intelligence sources claim.
The LRA was started in 1987 and waged a drawn-out armed rebellion against the government in northern Uganda.
This group is notorious for maiming its victims across Uganda and South Sudan, cutting off their lips, arms and ears but was eventually kicked out of Uganda in 2006 following the Ugandan Army’s
LRA remnants fled South Sudan and moved to eastern DRC before relocating to the jungles of the Central African Republic in 2009. Its sources of income include wildlife crimes, illegal mining and looting.
Mobile money services, forex bureaus and foreign money remittance platforms, apparently carry one of the highest terrorism financing risk levels in Uganda’s economy.
“Fairly small transactions done on these platforms and weak Know Your Customer guidelines are mainly blamed for high terrorism risks …
“Although there are transaction thresholds, these can still pose some risk to terrorism financing, and can be easily circumvented. In the case of forex and money remitters, the high vulnerability is largely driven by the low quality of controls, particularly ineffective monitoring and reporting of suspicious transactions and weak compliance functions in the institutions …” reads the report. Benon Mudabani, a Detective Assistant Inspector of Police responsible for counter-terrorism
But sources in the mobile money services sector disagree with this negative assessment.
“The mobile money services sector’s compliance levels to anti-money laundering and combating of the financing of terrorism are very high and pose little challenge to the country’s enforcement efforts,” said a source at Airtel Uganda.
Legal gaps, abuse of court orders and limited sharing of intelligence information across national borders are also a major bottleneck for antiterrorism financing enforcement efforts.
However, the NRA report appears cautious and guarded on the quality of Uganda’s anti-terrorism enforcement efforts.
“The quality of terrorism-related intelligence is good and domestic co-operation is smooth, which has led to the effective disruption of terrorist attacks. The process to build capacity to generate desired terrorism financing intelligence is on course, and the level of reporting of suspicious transactions related to terrorism is not commensurate to the terrorism financing risk,” the document says. THE EUROPEAN UNION has expressed concerns over allegations of human-rights violations in Tanzania, citing arbitrary arrests of rights activists, journalists, bloggers and Members of Parliament.
In a statement released last week during 39th session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland, the EU said that a free and vibrant civil society and strong and independent media were crucial for a sustainable and effective development and the cornerstone in the fight against corruption. There have been arrests of opposition supporters since the general election in 2015 with restrictions of assembly imposed on leaders of opposition parties. Several journalists, lawyers and bloggers were restricted with others arrested while on duty.
The EU told Tanzania, which hosts Burundian refugees, that the return of the refugees must be safe, voluntary and dignified and in line with international law including refugee law and the principle of non-refoulement. Others highlighted for human rights violation of almost the same nature are Venezuela, Nicaragua, Gabon, Cameroon, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Haiti and Turkey.
The Tanzania government has restricted political rallies and live broadcast of parliamentary sessions, while arbitrary arrests of opposition leaders deny them the opportunity to address their voters. Politicians are only allowed to hold rallies within their constituencies but under strict police supervision.
Several MPS from the opposition parties have been arrested for alleged unlawful assembly.
Meanwhile, the Tanzania Constitution Forum (TCF) is now pressing for a fair election and political freedom through constitutional changes. TCF said a law should be enacted under the electoral commission that will ban elected leaders from defecting from the opposition to see re-election under the ruling party.